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1566090955 514 0 0 36 8873712 2955 1 2 2 0 0 589680 58154717690891 9621435808641334283 0 1 589896 260023911291301 15762858719708027301 0 128000.000000 1 192000.000000 1 128000.000000 2 catecholamines are epinephrine (adrenaline), norepinephrine (noradrenaline), and dopamine.]]> catecholamines are epinephrine (adrenaline), norepinephrine (noradrenaline), and dopamine.]]> catecholamines, we now show that both epinephrine and norepinephrine directly activate NFkappaB in macrophages, causing enhanced release of proinflammatory cytokines (TNFalpha, IL-1beta, IL-6).]]> rats displayed enhanced expression of tyrosine-hydroxylase and dopamine-beta-hydroxylase, two key enzymes for catecholamine production and exhibited higher baseline secretion of norepinephrine and epinephrine.]]> 96000.000000 7 Catecholamines up (Catsup) is a dopamine regulatory membrane protein that functions as a zinc ion transmembrane transporter (ZIP7), and a negative regulator of rate-limiting enzymes involved in dopamine synthesis and transport: Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), GTP Cyclohydrolase I (GTPCH), and Vesicular Monoamine Transporter (VMAT) in Drosophila melanogaster.]]> Catecholamines up (Catsup) is a dopamine regulatory membrane protein that functions as a zinc ion transmembrane transporter (ZIP7), and a negative regulator of rate-limiting enzymes involved in dopamine synthesis and transport: Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), GTP Cyclohydrolase I (GTPCH), and Vesicular Monoamine Transporter (VMAT) in Drosophila melanogaster.]]> Catecholamine-secreting cells use several reactions to convert tyrosine serially to L-DOPA and then to dopamine.]]> Dopamine is the first catecholamine synthesized from DOPA.]]> catecholamines, norepinephrine and dopamine, act as neuromodulators in the central nervous system and as hormones in the blood circulation.]]> catecholamines include hypoglycemia, stress, various drugs including thyroid hormone supplements, methyldopa, dopamine agonists etc.]]> catecholamines, the main focus will be on dopamine (DA), however the role of norepinephrine (NE) will also be briefly addressed.]]> inhibition of purified CPE with catecholamines was time-dependent and, for dopamine quinone, dilution-independent, suggesting covalent modification of the protein by the catecholamine.]]> 64000.000000 1 64000.000000 1 88000.000000 8 stimulation by catecholamines is important in causing glucose intolerance and blunted insulin secretion in patients with pheochromocytoma.]]> stimulation by catecholamines is important in causing glucose intolerance and blunted insulin secretion in patients with pheochromocytoma.]]> secretion may not be mediated entirely through catecholamine stimulation of alpha-adrenergic receptors.]]> rats exhibit decreased adrenal medullary catecholamine secretion in response to splanchnic nerve terminal stimulation.]]> adrenal glands from control and spontaneously diabetic BB-Wistar rats, perfused them with ACh, and measured catecholamine secretion.]]> 69000.000000 54 catecholamines lead, via various compensatory mechanisms, to decreased levels and functional activity of cardiac β 1 -adrenergic receptors (β 1 ARs) and thus to marked desensitization of the heart to inotropic β-adrenergic stimulation.]]> catecholamines lead, via various compensatory mechanisms, to decreased levels and functional activity of cardiac β 1 -adrenergic receptors (β 1 ARs) and thus to marked desensitization of the heart to inotropic β-adrenergic stimulation.]]> catecholamine stimulation.]]> release of catecholamines in response to splanchnic nerve stimulation.]]> 64000.000000 39 catecholamine concentrations found to be inhibitory to PC1/3, PC2 and CPE are well within the physiological range found in chromaffin granules, we conclude that catecholaminergic transmitter systems have the potential to exert considerable dynamic influence over peptidergic transmitter synthesis by altering the activity of peptide processing enzymes.]]> catecholamine concentrations found to be inhibitory to PC1/3, PC2 and CPE are well within the physiological range found in chromaffin granules, we conclude that catecholaminergic transmitter systems have the potential to exert considerable dynamic influence over peptidergic transmitter synthesis by altering the activity of peptide processing enzymes.]]> Urinary catecholamine concentrations in three beef breeds at slaughter .]]> Catecholamines (CAT's) are considered as indicators of stress, because higher concentrations of CAT's in brain tissue were noted in animals that are better adapted to stressful situations.]]> catecholamine concentrations were measured in 22 normal subjects and in 10 treated and 11 untreated patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia.]]> 60000.000000 11 Catecholamines are produced mainly by the chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla and the postganglionic fibers of the sympathetic nervous system.]]> Catecholamines are produced mainly by the chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla and the postganglionic fibers of the sympathetic nervous system.]]> adrenal tumor a presumption based on the high levels of catecholamines?]]> adrenal mass was detected on imaging and the plasma shows high levels of catecholamines, pheochromocytoma is a likely possibility.]]> adrenal tumor was a presumption on my Endo's part because the norepinephrine and the Catecholamines were high.]]> adrenal-intact (AD+) and adrenalectomized (ADX) rodents were used, because ADX animals had greatly enhanced catecholamine release from phagocytes, facilitating our efforts to understand the role of catecholamines released from phagocytes.]]> adrenal chromaffin cells with the catecholamine transport blocker reserpine was previously shown to increase enkephalin levels several-fold.]]> Adrenal catecholamine release in response to ACh was significantly decreased at 2, 8, and 16 weeks after the onset of diabetes compared with age-matched, nondiabetic control rats.]]> adrenal response to potassium was also decreased as was the catecholamine content of the adrenal.]]> 68000.000000 1 catecholamine levels seem to suggest a diagnosis of pheochromocytoma.]]> catecholamine levels seem to suggest a diagnosis of pheochromocytoma.]]> Pheochromocytoma is diagnosed based on the plasma and urine levels of catecholamines.]]> urinary free catecholamines and metanephrines for the detection of pheochromocytoma (8-11).]]> pheochromocytoma interfere with the measurement of urinary free catecholamines and total metanephrines by these new immunoassays.]]> 27000.000000 195 80000.000000 1 40000.000000 1 40000.000000 1 Catecholamine synthesis is inhibited by alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine (AMPT), which inhibits tyrosine hydroxylase.]]> Catecholamine synthesis is inhibited by alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine (AMPT), which inhibits tyrosine hydroxylase.]]> catecholamine-deficient [tyrosine hydroxylase (Th) null] mouse fetuses die at embryonic day (E)13.5-14.5, they resemble wild-type (wt) fetuses exposed to hypoxia.]]> 48000.000000 6 Catecholamines are derived from the amino acid tyrosine, which is derived from dietary sources as well as synthesis from phenylalanine.]]> Catecholamines are derived from the amino acid tyrosine, which is derived from dietary sources as well as synthesis from phenylalanine.]]> phenylalanine and tyrosine are precursors for catecholamines.]]> 72000.000000 3 excretion rate of catecholamine metabolites.]]> excretion rate of catecholamine metabolites.]]> catecholamine response suggested that the high excretion rates of catecholamine metabolites were more likely to be caused by the syndrome of raised catecholamines after cerebrovascular accidents than a phaeochromocytoma.]]> 72000.000000 4 dopa therapy on urinary free catecholamines and metabolites.]]> dopa therapy on urinary free catecholamines and metabolites.]]> urinary free catecholamines and its metabolites VMA and MNs in a 24-hour urine sample.]]> 64000.000000 1 catecholamine biosynthesis through the predominant metabolic pathway is the hydroxylation of L-tyrosine to L-DOPA.]]> catecholamine biosynthesis through the predominant metabolic pathway is the hydroxylation of L-tyrosine to L-DOPA.]]> 21000.000000 145 60000.000000 1 60000.000000 5 catecholamines, there appears to be a compensatory increase in catecholamine generating enzymes and catecholamines in macrophages, resulting in amplification of the acute inflammatory response via engagement of alpha(2)-adrenoceptors.]]> catecholamines, there appears to be a compensatory increase in catecholamine generating enzymes and catecholamines in macrophages, resulting in amplification of the acute inflammatory response via engagement of alpha(2)-adrenoceptors.]]> 52000.000000 1 48000.000000 29 48000.000000 45 16000.000000 1 46000.000000 32 urinary free catecholamines and metanephrines (tM plus tNM together) (6).]]> urinary free catecholamines and metanephrines (tM plus tNM together) (6).]]> urinary free catecholamines using ASTED and highpertormance liquid chromatography.]]> assay of urinary free catecholamines (2).]]> urinary free catecholamines were assayed using a modification of a method described previously (7).]]> 40000.000000 1 40000.000000 1 potentiation of catecholamine-stimulated inotropy was observed, with no pathological consequences.]]> potentiation of catecholamine-stimulated inotropy was observed, with no pathological consequences.]]> Potentiation by hydrocortisone (HC) of responses to catecholamines has been studied in the dog and in the aortic strip preparation.]]> potentiation was obtained for both the alpha and beta adrenergic effects of catecholamines in vivo and in vitro .]]> potentiation by HC of the aortic strip responses produced by agents other than catecholamines (with one exception, synephrine) indicates that there is considerable specificity in the action of HC.]]> potentiation was obtained in reserpine-treated tissues both with and without cocaine indicates that the action of HC is not dependent upon the integrity of the endogenous catecholamine stores.]]> 40000.000000 1 40000.000000 1 40000.000000 1 Phaeochromocytoma and catecholamine induced cardiomyopathy presenting as heart failure.]]> Phaeochromocytoma and catecholamine induced cardiomyopathy presenting as heart failure.]]> 39000.000000 11 catecholamines routine assay for regional brain mapping.]]> catecholamines routine assay for regional brain mapping.]]> 36000.000000 16 deficits, catecholamine-deficient fetuses are preferentially killed by experimentally induced hypoxia and have lower tissue Po(2) levels than wt siblings.]]> deficits, catecholamine-deficient fetuses are preferentially killed by experimentally induced hypoxia and have lower tissue Po(2) levels than wt siblings.]]> 35000.000000 7 32000.000000 34 30000.000000 38 28000.000000 1 catecholamine (/kætəˈkoʊləmin/) (CA) is a monoamine, an organic compound that has a catechol (benzene with two hydroxyl side groups at carbons 1 and 2) and a side-chain amine.]]> catecholamine (/kætəˈkoʊləmin/) (CA) is a monoamine, an organic compound that has a catechol (benzene with two hydroxyl side groups at carbons 1 and 2) and a side-chain amine.]]> 28000.000000 7 catecholamine deficiency, restoring heart rate, myocardial tissue, and survival of Th null fetuses to wt levels.]]> catecholamine deficiency, restoring heart rate, myocardial tissue, and survival of Th null fetuses to wt levels.]]> catecholamine induced heart disease in the form of focal myocardial necrosis.]]> 24000.000000 78 Catecholamine release in response to perfusion with 20 mM K + was the same in adrenals from diabetic and control rats.]]> Catecholamine release in response to perfusion with 20 mM K + was the same in adrenals from diabetic and control rats.]]> rats made diabetic with streptozocin (STZ) and maintained in a hyperglycemic state did not exhibit catecholamine hyposecretion 2 weeks after STZ administration.]]> 24000.000000 50 21000.000000 13 21000.000000 14 21000.000000 20 catecholamines are potent inflammatory activators of macrophages, upregulating NFkappaB and further downstream cytokine production of these cells.]]> catecholamines are potent inflammatory activators of macrophages, upregulating NFkappaB and further downstream cytokine production of these cells.]]> 21000.000000 16 20000.000000 71 catecholamine levels may provide further confirmation.]]> catecholamine levels may provide further confirmation.]]> 12000.000000 216 18000.000000 134 Catecholamines are water-soluble and are 50%-bound to plasma proteins in circulation.]]> Catecholamines are water-soluble and are 50%-bound to plasma proteins in circulation.]]> 16000.000000 214 16000.000000 128 catecholamines does not change appreciably.]]> catecholamines does not change appreciably.]]> catecholamines.]]> 5200.000000 367 catecholamines were associated with intensification of the acute inflammatory response, as assessed by increased plasma leak of albumin, enhanced myeloperoxidase content in lungs, augmented levels of proinflammatory mediators in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids, and elevated expression of pulmonary ICAM-1 and VCAM-1.]]> catecholamines were associated with intensification of the acute inflammatory response, as assessed by increased plasma leak of albumin, enhanced myeloperoxidase content in lungs, augmented levels of proinflammatory mediators in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids, and elevated expression of pulmonary ICAM-1 and VCAM-1.]]> 4800.000000 800 release of catecholamines.]]> release of catecholamines.]]> catecholamines have the capacity to synthesize them.]]> 9600.000000 403 catecholamines as the neurochemical mediator of the neural and behavioral signatures of attention and working memory, and link these neurobiological findings to the etiology and treatment of cognitive impairments in mental disorders.]]> catecholamines as the neurochemical mediator of the neural and behavioral signatures of attention and working memory, and link these neurobiological findings to the etiology and treatment of cognitive impairments in mental disorders.]]> 14000.000000 54 catecholamines (0.05-1.0 microgram/kg) in piglets aged less than or equal to 1 day, 2--4 days, 1 wweek, 2 weeks, and 2.5-3 months, under anesthesia with pentobarbital.]]> catecholamines (0.05-1.0 microgram/kg) in piglets aged less than or equal to 1 day, 2--4 days, 1 wweek, 2 weeks, and 2.5-3 months, under anesthesia with pentobarbital.]]> catecholamine dose required to elicit a given cardiac or peripheral circulatory effect and age-related differences in the direction and magnitude of such effects.]]> 13000.000000 187 13000.000000 204 catecholamine or possibly its p-hydroxy analog for the adrenergic receptor by modifying the interaction of the p -hydroxyl group in the molecule with the receptor.]]> catecholamine or possibly its p-hydroxy analog for the adrenergic receptor by modifying the interaction of the p -hydroxyl group in the molecule with the receptor.]]> catecholamines may contribute to the platelet hyperaggregability seen in familial hypercholesterolaemia.]]> 12000.000000 126 12000.000000 19 10000.000000 121 10000.000000 98 10000.000000 25 Catecholamines and pulmonary hypertension.]]> Catecholamines and pulmonary hypertension.]]> 3300.000000 729 catecholamine levels within the prefrontal cortex (PFC) alter the neuronal and behavioral correlates of cognitive functions, particularly attention and working memory.]]> catecholamine levels within the prefrontal cortex (PFC) alter the neuronal and behavioral correlates of cognitive functions, particularly attention and working memory.]]> 8200.000000 201 Catecholamines in Healthy Subjects.]]> Catecholamines in Healthy Subjects.]]> 1600.000000 5018 7000.000000 129 7000.000000 122 catecholamines which have been released.]]> catecholamines which have been released.]]> 7000.000000 254 2300.000000 5018 2200.000000 4366 catecholamines.]]> catecholamines.]]> 5500.000000 398 2600.000000 1472 2500.000000 856 catecholamines augments the acute inflammatory response.]]> catecholamines augments the acute inflammatory response.]]> catecholamines play an important role in the body's physiological response to stress.]]> catecholamines are produced by sympathetic nervous system activation Activity Autonomic arousal, fight-or-flight stress response, reward response.]]> catecholamines.]]> 2500.000000 159 2300.000000 817 2300.000000 721 catecholamines were investigated in two models of acute lung injury (ALI).]]> catecholamines were investigated in two models of acute lung injury (ALI).]]> effects of catecholamines in anesthetized piglets.]]> 1200.000000 2302 2100.000000 2914 1800.000000 3419 1700.000000 562 catecholamine analogues.]]> catecholamine analogues.]]> catecholamine signaling have been used to treat the symptoms of some of these mental illnesses.]]> 1200.000000 488 1500.000000 1586 2200.000000 263 1400.000000 10384 catecholamines and two catechols as a function of pH was studied.]]> catecholamines and two catechols as a function of pH was studied.]]> catecholamines are produced naturally by the body and function as key neurological chemicals.]]> catecholamine norepinephrine is required for fetal survival, but its essential function is unknown.]]> 2000.000000 11854 2000.000000 892 2000.000000 1128 1000.000000 1643 Catecholamines have a half-life of a few minutes when circulating in the blood.]]> Catecholamines have a half-life of a few minutes when circulating in the blood.]]> catecholamines are rapidly metabolized because of their extremely reduced half-life, helping an effective mobilization of all the available internal resources to counteract stress.]]> 2000.000000 1139 1200.000000 483 1200.000000 2302 1200.000000 1202 1800.000000 3199 catecholamines in control of cognitive functions.]]> catecholamines in control of cognitive functions.]]> 1600.000000 973 1600.000000 2804 1500.000000 436 catecholamines.]]> catecholamines.]]> 1300.000000 1328 1300.000000 1281 1200.000000 4233 Catecholamines have the distinct structure of a benzene ring with two hydroxyl groups, an intermediate ethyl chain, and a terminal amine group.]]> Catecholamines have the distinct structure of a benzene ring with two hydroxyl groups, an intermediate ethyl chain, and a terminal amine group.]]> 1200.000000 633 501.000000 321 <![CDATA[Catecholamines up - Wikipedia]]> 0 5399 19950367595 237497.000000 1518321635 1518321635 2546249357 en 1566090955 240 0 0 36 8873712 17225 1 2 2 0 0 589680 58154717690891 9621435808641334283 0 1 589896 260023911291301 15762858719708027301 0 288000.000000 1 104000.000000 1 136000.000000 1 152000.000000 2 148000.000000 7 Catecholamines up (Catsup) is a dopamine regulatory membrane protein that functions as a zinc ion transmembrane transporter (ZIP7), and a negative regulator of rate-limiting enzymes involved in dopamine synthesis and transport: Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), GTP Cyclohydrolase I (GTPCH), and Vesicular Monoamine Transporter (VMAT) in Drosophila melanogaster.]]> Catecholamines up (Catsup) is a dopamine regulatory membrane protein that functions as a zinc ion transmembrane transporter (ZIP7), and a negative regulator of rate-limiting enzymes involved in dopamine synthesis and transport: Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), GTP Cyclohydrolase I (GTPCH), and Vesicular Monoamine Transporter (VMAT) in Drosophila melanogaster.]]> catecholamines are epinephrine (adrenaline), norepinephrine (noradrenaline), and dopamine.]]> Catecholamine-secreting cells use several reactions to convert tyrosine serially to L-DOPA and then to dopamine.]]> Dopamine is the first catecholamine synthesized from DOPA.]]> catecholamines, norepinephrine and dopamine, act as neuromodulators in the central nervous system and as hormones in the blood circulation.]]> catecholamines include such compounds as epinephrine , or adrenaline, norepinephrine, and dopamine.]]> catecholamines-primarily epinephrine, but also norepinephrine and dopamine-are secreted by the adrenal medulla and are important for the acute expression of strength and power because the hormones act as central motor stimulators and peripheral vascular dilators to enhance enzyme systems and calcium release in muscle.]]> catecholamines include hypoglycemia, stress, various drugs including thyroid hormone supplements, methyldopa, dopamine agonists etc.]]> catecholamines are dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine.]]> catecholamines measures the amount of the hormones epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine in the blood.]]> catecholamines measures the amount of epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine in the blood.]]> tyrosine-hydroxylase and dopamine-beta-hydroxylase, two key enzymes for catecholamine production and exhibited higher baseline secretion of norepinephrine and epinephrine.]]> 86000.000000 71 108000.000000 71 76000.000000 1 macrophages) are newly discovered sources of catecholamines, we now show that both epinephrine and norepinephrine directly activate NFkappaB in macrophages, causing enhanced release of proinflammatory cytokines (TNFalpha, IL-1beta, IL-6).]]> macrophages) are newly discovered sources of catecholamines, we now show that both epinephrine and norepinephrine directly activate NFkappaB in macrophages, causing enhanced release of proinflammatory cytokines (TNFalpha, IL-1beta, IL-6).]]> 123000.000000 11 84000.000000 11 80000.000000 1 84000.000000 67 58000.000000 195 64000.000000 1 64000.000000 1 84000.000000 1 urine test can be done to measure the level of catecholamines in your body.]]> urine test can be done to measure the level of catecholamines in your body.]]> Catecholamine is a test that measures the level of catecholamines or catecholamine metabolites (break-down products) in urine.]]> 120000.000000 1 catecholamine levels seem to suggest a diagnosis of pheochromocytoma.]]> catecholamine levels seem to suggest a diagnosis of pheochromocytoma.]]> Pheochromocytoma is diagnosed based on the plasma and urine levels of catecholamines.]]> adrenal mass was detected on imaging and the plasma shows high levels of catecholamines, pheochromocytoma is a likely possibility.]]> Adrenal medulla, catecholamines, and pheochromocytoma.]]> pheochromocytoma ) can increase the amount of catecholamines in the blood.]]> catecholamine test is done to help diagnose a tumor in the adrenal glands called a pheochromocytoma.]]> levels of catecholamines in your blood, you may have a pheochromocytoma, paraganglioma, or neuroblastoma tumor.]]> 80000.000000 1 affect catecholamine levels.]]> affect catecholamine levels.]]> affect catecholamine levels.]]> 64000.000000 1 80000.000000 1 urine catecholamine levels may provide further confirmation.]]> urine catecholamine levels may provide further confirmation.]]> Urine catecholamine levels are increased in most persons with neuroblastoma.]]> 80000.000000 1 112000.000000 4 catecholamine metabolites in your blood or urine.]]> catecholamine metabolites in your blood or urine.]]> 51000.000000 13 adrenal tumor a presumption based on the high levels of catecholamines?]]> adrenal tumor a presumption based on the high levels of catecholamines?]]> adrenal tumor was a presumption on my Endo's part because the norepinephrine and the Catecholamines were high.]]> catecholamines to see if a tumor might be causing them.]]> high levels of catecholamines in your blood, your doctor will do other tests to find out if you have a tumor.]]> tumor that affects catecholamine levels.]]> 80000.000000 1 catecholamine kăt˝əkôl´əmēn [ key ] , any of several compounds occurring naturally in the body that serve as hormones or as neurotransmitters in the sympathetic nervous system .]]> catecholamine kăt˝əkôl´əmēn [ key ] , any of several compounds occurring naturally in the body that serve as hormones or as neurotransmitters in the sympathetic nervous system .]]> 80000.000000 1 40000.000000 2 Catecholamines are produced mainly by the chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla and the postganglionic fibers of the sympathetic nervous system.]]> Catecholamines are produced mainly by the chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla and the postganglionic fibers of the sympathetic nervous system.]]> adrenal exhaustion, at which point the ability of the adrenal medulla to release catecholamines is diminished.]]> 40000.000000 1 Catecholamine synthesis is inhibited by alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine (AMPT), which inhibits tyrosine hydroxylase.]]> Catecholamine synthesis is inhibited by alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine (AMPT), which inhibits tyrosine hydroxylase.]]> catecholamine-deficient [tyrosine hydroxylase (Th) null] mouse fetuses die at embryonic day (E)13.5-14.5, they resemble wild-type (wt) fetuses exposed to hypoxia.]]> 26000.000000 33 catecholamines are produced by sympathetic nervous system activation Activity Autonomic arousal, fight-or-flight stress response, reward response.]]> catecholamines are produced by sympathetic nervous system activation Activity Autonomic arousal, fight-or-flight stress response, reward response.]]> 48000.000000 6 Catecholamines are derived from the amino acid tyrosine, which is derived from dietary sources as well as synthesis from phenylalanine.]]> Catecholamines are derived from the amino acid tyrosine, which is derived from dietary sources as well as synthesis from phenylalanine.]]> phenylalanine and tyrosine are precursors for catecholamines.]]> 72000.000000 1 Catecholamines in Macrophages?]]> Catecholamines in Macrophages?]]> catecholamines are potent inflammatory activators of macrophages, upregulating NFkappaB and further downstream cytokine production of these cells.]]> role of catecholamines, there appears to be a compensatory increase in catecholamine generating enzymes and catecholamines in macrophages, resulting in amplification of the acute inflammatory response via engagement of alpha(2)-adrenoceptors.]]> 32000.000000 67 Catecholamines are hormones made by the adrenal glands.]]> Catecholamines are hormones made by the adrenal glands.]]> Catecholamines are hormones made by your adrenal glands, which are located on top of your kidneys .]]> Catecholamines (say "kat-uh-KOH-luh-meens") are hormones made mostly by your adrenal glands as a reaction to stress.]]> 42000.000000 20 60000.000000 1 catecholamine biosynthesis through the predominant metabolic pathway is the hydroxylation of L-tyrosine to L-DOPA.]]> catecholamine biosynthesis through the predominant metabolic pathway is the hydroxylation of L-tyrosine to L-DOPA.]]> 60000.000000 5 catecholamines lead, via various compensatory mechanisms, to decreased levels and functional activity of cardiac β 1 -adrenergic receptors (β 1 ARs) and thus to marked desensitization of the heart to inotropic β-adrenergic stimulation.]]> catecholamines lead, via various compensatory mechanisms, to decreased levels and functional activity of cardiac β 1 -adrenergic receptors (β 1 ARs) and thus to marked desensitization of the heart to inotropic β-adrenergic stimulation.]]> 52000.000000 1 52000.000000 1 48000.000000 29 48000.000000 21 48000.000000 4 Catecholamines, a group of compounds with active roles in the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems are chemical compounds derived from the amino acid tyrosine and act as hormones or neurotransmitters.]]> Catecholamines, a group of compounds with active roles in the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems are chemical compounds derived from the amino acid tyrosine and act as hormones or neurotransmitters.]]> 16000.000000 1 30000.000000 77 Catecholamines appear to reflect the acute demands and physical stress of resistance exercise protocols (105).]]> Catecholamines appear to reflect the acute demands and physical stress of resistance exercise protocols (105).]]> catecholamines augments the acute inflammatory response.]]> catecholamines were investigated in two models of acute lung injury (ALI).]]> catecholamines were associated with intensification of the acute inflammatory response, as assessed by increased plasma leak of albumin, enhanced myeloperoxidase content in lungs, augmented levels of proinflammatory mediators in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids, and elevated expression of pulmonary ICAM-1 and VCAM-1.]]> 40000.000000 1 40000.000000 1 40000.000000 1 catecholamine test.]]> catecholamine test.]]> 36000.000000 16 catecholamine-deficient fetuses are preferentially killed by experimentally induced hypoxia and have lower tissue Po(2) levels than wt siblings.]]> catecholamine-deficient fetuses are preferentially killed by experimentally induced hypoxia and have lower tissue Po(2) levels than wt siblings.]]> 36000.000000 54 epinephrine is involved in metabolic control, force production, and the response mechanisms of other hormones (such as testosterone, GHs, and IGFs), stimulation of catecholamines is probably one of the first endocrine mechanisms to occur in response to resistance exercise.]]> epinephrine is involved in metabolic control, force production, and the response mechanisms of other hormones (such as testosterone, GHs, and IGFs), stimulation of catecholamines is probably one of the first endocrine mechanisms to occur in response to resistance exercise.]]> catecholamine stimulation.]]> 30000.000000 22 catecholamines does not change appreciably.]]> catecholamines does not change appreciably.]]> catecholamines play an important role in the body's physiological response to stress.]]> 28000.000000 1 catecholamine (/kætəˈkoʊləmin/) (CA) is a monoamine, an organic compound that has a catechol (benzene with two hydroxyl side groups at carbons 1 and 2) and a side-chain amine.]]> catecholamine (/kætəˈkoʊləmin/) (CA) is a monoamine, an organic compound that has a catechol (benzene with two hydroxyl side groups at carbons 1 and 2) and a side-chain amine.]]> 28000.000000 1 6600.000000 729 levels of catecholamines in the blood.]]> levels of catecholamines in the blood.]]> Catecholamine levels in the blood can change quickly, so it may be hard to find high values in a single blood sample.]]> urine test that measures catecholamine levels over 24 hours.]]> catecholamine levels.]]> increase your catecholamine levels.]]> increase your catecholamine levels.]]> catecholamine-stimulated inotropy was observed, with no pathological consequences.]]> urine test to check your catecholamine levels.]]> catecholamine levels.]]> catecholamine deficiency, restoring heart rate, myocardial tissue, and survival of Th null fetuses to wt levels.]]> 26000.000000 49 15000.000000 145 15000.000000 102 15000.000000 80 Catecholamines: Basic and Peripheral Mechanisms (Neurology & Neurobiology S.]]> Catecholamines: Basic and Peripheral Mechanisms (Neurology & Neurobiology S.]]> Catecholamines, Part A: Basic and Peripheral Mechanisms.]]> 10000.000000 100 Catecholamines are chemicals made by nerve tissue (including the brain) and the adrenal gland.]]> Catecholamines are chemicals made by nerve tissue (including the brain) and the adrenal gland.]]> catecholamines are made by nerve tissue , the brain, and the adrenal glands .]]> 10000.000000 102 12000.000000 82 Catecholamines 1922 -1971 H. BLASCHKO Adrenaline and related substances were discussed in the 1924 edition of Hefl'ter's Handbook by PAUL TRENDELENBURG.]]> Catecholamines 1922 -1971 H. BLASCHKO Adrenaline and related substances were discussed in the 1924 edition of Hefl'ter's Handbook by PAUL TRENDELENBURG.]]> catecholamines break down in the body.]]> 18000.000000 121 adrenal glands make large amounts of catecholamines as a reaction to stress.]]> adrenal glands make large amounts of catecholamines as a reaction to stress.]]> 18000.000000 134 Catecholamines are water-soluble and are 50%-bound to plasma proteins in circulation.]]> Catecholamines are water-soluble and are 50%-bound to plasma proteins in circulation.]]> 16000.000000 1 16000.000000 204 catecholamines.]]> catecholamines.]]> catecholamines are produced naturally by the body and function as key neurological chemicals.]]> 16000.000000 8 16000.000000 128 CATECHOLAMINES in ng/mg of protein in a rat's brain.]]> CATECHOLAMINES in ng/mg of protein in a rat's brain.]]> 9000.000000 129 Catecholamines help the body respond to stress or fright and prepare the body for "fight-or-flight" reactions.]]> Catecholamines help the body respond to stress or fright and prepare the body for "fight-or-flight" reactions.]]> 13000.000000 214 catecholamine signals, when it reduced adenyl cyclase activity by upregulating the expression of Rgs2, a GTPase-activating protein that also inhibits adenyl cyclase activity.]]> catecholamine signals, when it reduced adenyl cyclase activity by upregulating the expression of Rgs2, a GTPase-activating protein that also inhibits adenyl cyclase activity.]]> 12000.000000 19 12000.000000 16 catecholamine research, from very basic to medical.]]> catecholamine research, from very basic to medical.]]> 11000.000000 288 2900.000000 7974 4000.000000 800 catecholamines during resistance exercise was highlighted by the finding that men who had a higher catecholamine release immediately before and during a heavy resistance exercise session were able to better maintain force output throughout the session (53).]]> catecholamines during resistance exercise was highlighted by the finding that men who had a higher catecholamine release immediately before and during a heavy resistance exercise session were able to better maintain force output throughout the session (53).]]> catecholamines.]]> release catecholamines have the capacity to synthesize them.]]> adrenal-intact (AD+) and adrenalectomized (ADX) rodents were used, because ADX animals had greatly enhanced catecholamine release from phagocytes, facilitating our efforts to understand the role of catecholamines released from phagocytes.]]> 10000.000000 252 3600.000000 736 Catecholamines have a half-life of a few minutes when circulating in the blood.]]> Catecholamines have a half-life of a few minutes when circulating in the blood.]]> Catecholamines can also be measured with a blood test .]]> adrenal glands send catecholamines into your blood when you're physically or emotionally stressed.]]> Catecholamines can be measured by a urine test or a blood test.]]> 2900.000000 1472 3400.000000 2879 3400.000000 4362 Catecholamines are made in the adrenal glands.]]> Catecholamines are made in the adrenal glands.]]> 3300.000000 5018 2700.000000 4366 catecholamines.]]> catecholamines.]]> 3800.000000 304 urine catecholamines test measures the total amount in your urine over a 24-hour period.]]> urine catecholamines test measures the total amount in your urine over a 24-hour period.]]> 3000.000000 5540 catecholamine is adrenaline (epinephrine) that is released in substantial quantities when the body is under stress.]]> catecholamine is adrenaline (epinephrine) that is released in substantial quantities when the body is under stress.]]> epinephrine) is a catecholamine hormone produced by the body and used therapeutically to reduce swelling due to allergies.]]> 3000.000000 830 7000.000000 109 7000.000000 89 2500.000000 5950 2800.000000 1472 1700.000000 5018 2800.000000 2004 4000.000000 152 2000.000000 304 4000.000000 245 1200.000000 2302 2300.000000 873 2200.000000 2402 2100.000000 408 role of catecholamines in growth-promoting actions in muscle tissue is less clear, but they act to stimulate other anabolic hormones.]]> role of catecholamines in growth-promoting actions in muscle tissue is less clear, but they act to stimulate other anabolic hormones.]]> 2100.000000 483 catecholamines, so your doctor may recommend that you don't do any vigorous exercise and avoid stressful situations before and during your test.]]> catecholamines, so your doctor may recommend that you don't do any vigorous exercise and avoid stressful situations before and during your test.]]> catecholamines are rapidly metabolized because of their extremely reduced half-life, helping an effective mobilization of all the available internal resources to counteract stress.]]> 2000.000000 4233 Catecholamines have the distinct structure of a benzene ring with two hydroxyl groups, an intermediate ethyl chain, and a terminal amine group.]]> Catecholamines have the distinct structure of a benzene ring with two hydroxyl groups, an intermediate ethyl chain, and a terminal amine group.]]> 1700.000000 436 catecholamines.]]> catecholamines.]]> 1700.000000 1321 1200.000000 488 1500.000000 1584 1500.000000 3244 urine test for catecholamines may also be used to monitor those who are receiving treatment for these conditions.]]> urine test for catecholamines may also be used to monitor those who are receiving treatment for these conditions.]]> <![CDATA[Catecholamines - Google Books]]> 0 56403 206279082533 248645.187500 1521868939 1521868939 3494113859 en
  • acute
  • Catecholamines appear to reflect the acute demands and physical stress of resistance exercise protocols (105). (nsca.com)
  • Upregulation of phagocyte-derived catecholamines augments the acute inflammatory response. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The effects of upregulation of phagocyte-derived catecholamines were investigated in two models of acute lung injury (ALI). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Increased levels of phagocyte-derived catecholamines were associated with intensification of the acute inflammatory response, as assessed by increased plasma leak of albumin, enhanced myeloperoxidase content in lungs, augmented levels of proinflammatory mediators in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids, and elevated expression of pulmonary ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. (biomedsearch.com)
  • protein
  • Crtc3 was activated in response to catecholamine signals, when it reduced adenyl cyclase activity by upregulating the expression of Rgs2, a GTPase-activating protein that also inhibits adenyl cyclase activity. (nih.gov)
  • stress
  • Exercise and stress can affect catecholamines, so your doctor may recommend that you don't do any vigorous exercise and avoid stressful situations before and during your test. (webmd.com)
  • catecholamines are rapidly metabolized because of their extremely reduced half-life, helping an effective mobilization of all the available internal resources to counteract stress. (thefreedictionary.com)