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  • Coronary Heart D
  • The robust and specific association between elevated Lp(a) levels and increased cardiovascular disease (CVD)/coronary heart disease (CHD) risk, together with recent genetic findings, indicates that elevated Lp(a), like elevated LDL-cholesterol, is causally related to premature CVD/CHD. (nih.gov)
  • There is growing evidence that antiretroviral therapy (ART) increases the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) through metabolic side effects, such as dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and type II diabetes. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Evidence from the D.A.D. study, an international cohort study which includes a large proportion of SHCS patients, suggests that exposure to antiretroviral therapy (ART) increases the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) most likely due to ART induced metabolic changes like dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and type II diabetes. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The American Heart Association has identified several risk factors that greater your chance of developing coronary heart disease and heart attack. (majortests.com)
  • The smoker's risk of developing coronary heart disease is 2-4 times greater than that of nonsmokers. (majortests.com)
  • Cigarette smoking is a powerful independent risk factor for sudden cardiac death in patients with coronary heart disease. (majortests.com)
  • Cigarette smoking also acts with other risk factors to greatly increase the risk for coronary heart disease. (majortests.com)
  • People who smoke cigars or pipes seem to have a higher risk of death from coronary heart disease, but their risk still is not as great as the cigarette smoker" (AHA, 2011). (majortests.com)
  • researchers
  • Explain to interested patients that these researchers observed a correlation between serum phosphorus levels and risk of cardiovascular disease, but it cannot determine causality. (medpagetoday.com)
  • FRAMINGHAM, Mass. May 18 -- As serum phosphorus levels increase, so does the risk of cardiovascular disease, even among those with normal kidney function and no evidence of heart troubles, researchers reported here. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The Framingham researchers said others have questioned the IOM report, and while the current study did not study dietary phosphorus intake, they recommended more research in order to "evaluate if a higher dietary intake of phosphorus translates into greater risk for cardiovascular disease in the general population by contributing to higher serum phosphorus levels. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Researchers have uncovered the key risk factors most likely to send Chinese Australians to hospital with cardiovascular disease. (eurekalert.org)
  • Researchers from the School of Public Health and the School of Nursing at the University of Sydney undertook the first comprehensive examination of cardiovascular disease (such as a heart disease or stroke) risk factors in Chinese, mixed Chinese and non-Chinese Australians by studying 266,696 men and women in NSW aged over 45, who are part of the Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study. (eurekalert.org)
  • BOSTON, Dec. 20 -- Multiple biomarkers such as C-reactive protein, homocysteine, and B-type natriuretic peptide add nuance but little substance to time-honored prognostic cardiovascular risk factors, researchers here reported. (medpagetoday.com)
  • In a paper published in an issue of the Medical Journal of Australia, researchers have shown that the introduction of centralised statewide coaching by Queensland Health using the well-regarded COACH (Coaching patients On Achieving Cardiovascular Health) Program (TCP) had statistically significant improvements in cardiovascular risk factor status. (contactcenterworld.com)
  • As the researchers write, TCP is a standardised coaching program delivered by telephone and mail-out for people with or at high risk of chronic disease. (contactcenterworld.com)
  • Diabetes
  • Diabetes, smoking and physical inactivity have been uncovered as the key cardiovascular disease risk factors for Chinese Australians according to important new research from the largest ongoing study of healthy ageing in Australia, the Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study. (eurekalert.org)
  • Heart disease is the single biggest killer in Australia and we have identified the major risk factors in the Chinese Australian community - diabetes, smoking and physical inactivity," said Dr Melody Ding, the paper's senior author and a Senior Research Fellow at School of Public Health at the University of Sydney. (eurekalert.org)
  • When it comes to major cardiovascular risk factors, Chinese Australians have a 25% higher prevalence of diabetes, a 22% higher prevalence of smoking and a 45% higher prevalence of physical inactivity than non-Chinese Australians. (eurekalert.org)
  • Advise interested patients that biomarkers for cardiovascular disease are not diagnostic tools, but may be useful when considered in conjunction with traditional risk assessment tools such as blood pressure, total cholesterol, HDL, and diabetes. (medpagetoday.com)
  • cholesterol
  • These studies have provided evidence that populations consuming diets high in fats, especially saturated fat and cholesterol, have higher rates of cardiovascular disease. (springer.com)
  • That finding emerged from an evaluation of 10 contemporary biomarkers measured in 3,209 participants in the Framingham Heart Study, stacked against standard risk factors such as blood pressure, cholesterol levels, smoking history, and weight. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Sample size calculations adapted to the cluster design of the trial show that we have sufficient power to detect a 12% reduction in total cholesterol in patients receiving ART and at moderate to high risk of CHD. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • cognitive impairment
  • This is especially true since [silent cerebral infarcts] have been associated with an increased risk of incident stroke and cognitive impairment. (medpagetoday.com)
  • This paper examines the evidence linking chronic brain hypoperfusion induced by a variety of cardiovascular deficits in the development of cognitive impairment preceding AD. (hindawi.com)
  • prognosis
  • Thus, early detection of such risk factors can be crucial to establish prognosis and to prevent target-organs damage in adulthood (3,4). (scielo.br)
  • lipid
  • The improvements were found across all biomedical and lifestyle factors measured during the program, including improvements in serum lipid levels, blood glucose, smoking and alcohol consumption combined with increases in physical activity. (contactcenterworld.com)
  • predict risk
  • When results of multiple biomarker scores are factored into the statistical model used to predict risk of death within five years, sensitivity was improved by only about 0.30 to 0.42, according to James H. Ware, Ph.D., of the Harvard School of Public Health. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Serum
  • Among 3,368 Framingham Offspring study participants followed for more than 16 years, there was a significant dose-dependant relationship between serum phosphorus and cardiovascular outcome, said Ravi Dhingra, M.D., of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Framingham Study, and colleagues. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Values of serum phosphorus higher than 3.5 mg/dL (.382) mmol/L) (defining the lower limit of the highest quartile and well within the reference range) were associated with a 55% increased cardiovascular disease risk," they wrote in the May 14 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine . (medpagetoday.com)
  • According to the authors, the study "is the first to demonstrate a graded independent relation of serum phosphorus levels (within the reference range) to cardiovascular disease risk in a community-based sample of men and women without either chronic kidney disease or cardiovascular disease at baseline. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Serum calcium levels were not related to increased risk of cardiac events. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Serum cardiovascular risk factors in obstructive sleep apnea. (nih.gov)
  • FRAMINGHAM
  • 40 years in the SHCS, 8.8% and 32.5% are at moderate (10% - 20%) and 1.7% and 6.9% at high (≥ 20%) risk of CHD in 10 years according to the Framingham algorithm. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • association
  • The association between diet and cardiovascular disease was established primarily by results from ecologic studies and studies of migrating populations. (springer.com)
  • Since (U-shaped) associations of IGF-I, within the normal range, have also been found with cardiovascular risk factors and disease in the general population, it would be interesting to investigate if this association can also be found in growth hormone deficient (GHD) adults treated with Growth Hormone (GH). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Although risk factors for clinical stroke have been linked to silent cerebral infarct in previous studies, they said, there is less information on its association with circulating biomarkers, such as plasma homocysteine, or intermediate phenotypes, like carotid artery intima-media thickness. (medpagetoday.com)
  • evaluate
  • The aims of the study were, first, to critically evaluate lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] as a cardiovascular risk factor and, second, to advise on screening for elevated plasma Lp(a), on desirable levels, and on therapeutic strategies. (nih.gov)
  • Additionally
  • Research in the early 1990s additionally began to suggest that cardiovascular disease could also signal the start of Alzheimer's disease (AD), an assumption that, as will be seen below, has gained evidence-based support from more detailed studies published in the last decade. (hindawi.com)
  • stroke
  • It also increases your risk of stroke, kidney failure and congestive heart failure (Ignatavicius et al. (majortests.com)
  • higher risk
  • Dr Ding said that the study's focus on a third category of "mixed Chinese", those with one parent of Chinese ancestry and one parent of different ancestry, had also yielded intriguing results, with mixed Chinese having higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease and higher risk of CVD than Chinese Australians. (eurekalert.org)
  • contributors
  • This research will allow us to be more targeted in our approach so we can tailor our awareness activities to address specific lifestyle aspects that are strong contributors to heart disease risk in Chinese Australians," she said. (eurekalert.org)