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  • diabetes
  • Secondary diabetes is carbohydrate intolerance secondary to pancreatic disease, excess production of certain hormones (eg, growth hormone), use of certain drugs (eg, corticosteroids), insulin receptor abnormalities, and certain genetic disorders. (health.am)
  • These risk factors increase the risk for heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. (nyhq.org)
  • risk factors
  • With multivariate analysis that included the classic risk factors for coronary artery disease, elevated CRP serum level remained a statistically significant independent predictor of a blunted endothelial vasodilator capacity. (ahajournals.org)
  • patients
  • Background -Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) serum levels, an exquisitely sensitive objective marker of inflammation, relate to long-term prognosis in patients with coronary artery disease and in apparently healthy men. (ahajournals.org)
  • Methods and Results -Endothelium-dependent (10 to 50 μg/min acetylcholine) and endothelium-independent (2 to 8 μg/min sodium nitroprusside) forearm blood flow responses were measured with venous occlusion plethysmography in 60 male patients with angiographically documented coronary artery disease. (ahajournals.org)
  • 2 3 4 Importantly, not only is the presence of systemic markers of inflammation associated with an unfavorable short-term prognosis in patients with acute coronary syndromes, 3 4 but also elevated CRP levels are related to long-term prognosis in patients with documented coronary artery disease 5 and in apparently healthy men. (ahajournals.org)
  • 11 Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that elevated CRP levels, an exquisitely sensitive objective marker of inflammation, are associated with an abnormal systemic endothelial vascular reactivity in patients with coronary artery disease. (ahajournals.org)
  • Twenty-six patients had stable angina, defined as angiographically documented coronary artery disease and stable effort angina for ≥3 months before forearm blood flow (FBF) measurements. (ahajournals.org)
  • All patients had documented coronary artery disease with identification of the culprit lesion on coronary angiography. (ahajournals.org)
  • reduction
  • Is statin-modified reduction in lipids the most important preventive therapy for cardiovascular disease? (biomedcentral.com)
  • Randomized controlled trials that lowered intake of dietary saturated fat and replaced it with polyunsaturated vegetable oil reduced cardiovascular disease by about 30%, similar to the reduction achieved by statin treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The findings are suggestive of a small but potentially important reduction in cardiovascular risk on modification of dietary fat, but not reduction of total fat, in longer trials. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lifestyle advice to all those at risk of cardiovascular disease and to lower risk population groups, should continue to include permanent reduction of dietary saturated fat and partial replacement by unsaturates. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2014 Cochrane review found evidence that salt reduction prevented cardiovascular disease, but that the magnitude of the effect was uncertain and "larger than would be predicted from the small blood pressure reductions achieved. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2015 systematic review of randomized control trials by the Cochrane Library found that reducing saturated fat intake resulted in a 17% reduction in cardiovascular events, and that replacing saturated fats with cis unsaturated fats in particular is beneficial. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cardiac Disease
  • Cardiac disease in China is on the rise. (wikipedia.org)
  • Analyzing 54 prospective studies, the authors found that those studies which were free of the potential error (including former drinkers in the abstaining group) did not demonstrate significant cardiac protection from alcohol, although they continued to exhibit a J-shaped relationship in which moderate drinkers were less likely (but not at a statistically significantly level of confidence) to suffer cardiac disease than lifelong abstainers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chapter covering various aspects of cardiac disease. (dmoztools.net)
  • Cholesterol
  • There are many more like: as older you get the higher the chance of CHD, Males are more likely to be infected, people who have a family history of diseases should be more careful, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol levels, high emotional stress, people who have obesity, people who smoke cigarettes and finally people who drink a lot of alcohol. (hubpages.com)
  • Keys postulated a correlation between circulating cholesterol levels and cardiovascular disease , and initiated a study of Minnesota businessmen (the first prospective study of CVD). (wikipedia.org)
  • Ancel Keys joined the nutrition committee of the American Heart Association and successfully promulgated his idea such that in 1961, with the result that the AHA became the first group anywhere in the world to advise cutting back on saturated fat (and dietary cholesterol) to prevent heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Heredity also plays a factor in cardiovascular disease since other risk factors like high blood pressure and high LDL cholesterol tend to run in families. (news-medical.net)
  • Genetics may predispose some people to both Alzheimer's disease and high levels of blood lipids such as cholesterol, a common feature of cardiovascular disease, according to a new study by an international team of researchers led by scientists at UC San Francisco and Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. (news-medical.net)
  • lipids
  • Although our site has a commercial orientation, it contains alot of useful information regarding cardiovascular disease especially with regard to lipids, free radicals and antioxidants. (bio.net)
  • excessive
  • Excessive alcohol intake is associated with an elevated risk of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), heart failure, some cancers, and accidental injury, and is a leading cause of preventable death in industrialized countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the reduced incidence of CVD disease associated with moderate alcohol consumption is well established, many physicians have been wary of promoting the use of alcohol for this benefit considering the many negative effects of excessive alcohol consumption. (wikipedia.org)
  • peripheral
  • The researchers found that after taking the standard anti-hypertensive drug Ramipril, patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD), which restricts mobility due to leg pain, enjoyed a longer and less painful time on their feet. (wikipedia.org)
  • system
  • The renin angiotensin system has been widely implicated in cardiovascular disease and has also been identified in the stress response. (gwu.edu)
  • Through this study, Marvar and his research team hopes to identify a particular mechanism to explain how the brain renin-angiotensin system may affect fear memory and associated increased risk of cardiovascular disease in PTSD. (gwu.edu)