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  • body fat
  • The purpose of this study is to test the effects of a drug, eplerenone, along with lifestyle modification to affect sugar metabolism, body fat distribution, and cardiovascular health in HIV-infected individuals. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • predispose
  • Adverse conditions experienced in the intrauterine period and/or in the early months of life can alter organ functions and predispose to the development of diseases in adulthood due to a process of biological programming 17,18,19,20,21 . (scielosp.org)
  • Obesity alone, the study shows, is linked to certain abnormalities in the blood that can predispose individuals to developing cardiovascular disease early in adulthood. (scienceblog.com)
  • weight
  • BMI should not, however, be used in isolation as a measure of unhealthy weight. (bpac.org.nz)
  • This review addresses the identification and management of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who may benefit from weight loss with lifestyle, pharmacological, and surgical therapies. (blogspot.com)
  • Research shows that people with "apple-shaped" bodies (with more weight around the waist) face more health risks than those with "pear-shaped" bodies who carry more weight around the hips. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dieting for rapid weight loss usually leads to weight regain with possible extra pounds and detrimental effects in fat distribution or other health measures. (helsinki.fi)
  • For the 82 cases with body mass index between 20 and 30 r was 0.81 for body weight, 0.80 for body mass index, and 0.91 for hip circumference. (bmj.com)
  • adulthood
  • Adverse socioeconomic conditions in childhood can have lasting effects on health, but evidence is lacking from prospective studies concerning the effects of early poverty on abdominal obesity in adulthood. (scielosp.org)
  • Since obesity has multifactorial origins, the emerging hypothesis of "early onset of adulthood diseases" has led to increasing interest in understanding the mechanisms by which early exposures might affect nutritional and health status over the course of life. (scielosp.org)
  • metabolism
  • As a result, adipogenesis and adipocyte metabolism exert an important effect on the development of disease, particularly cardiometabolic disease. (aacc.org)
  • participants
  • They recruited 733 participants for their study, all of whom were previously enrolled in the Framingham Heart Study , an ambitious longitudinal project started in 1948, whose aim is to identify the common factors contributing to cardiovascular disease by following the disease as it develops over long periods of time in large numbers of people. (scienceblogs.com)
  • In the second study, April Ho of the Laboratory of Neuro Imaging at the University of California, Los Angeles and her colleagues analysed data obtained from 206 healthy elderly participants as part of a large five-year research project called the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative . (scienceblogs.com)
  • All study participants underwent blood testing for known markers for predicting the development of cardiovascular disease. (scienceblog.com)