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  • lung
  • Respiratory failure can have any one of several causes, such as lung disease or infection , electrolyte imbalance, interruption of the nerve signals that regulate breathing or nervous system damage, structural (rib cage) collapse, or airway obstruction. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Generally, laboratory technologists and respiratory therapists perform all needed blood work and lung-function testing. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Excessively high concentrations can cause oxygen toxicity such as lung damage or result in respiratory failure in those who are predisposed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Generally, it is used either post-cardiopulmonary bypass or in late stage treatment of a person with profound heart and/or lung failure, although it is now seeing use as a treatment for cardiac arrest in certain centers, allowing for treatment of the underlying cause of arrest while circulation and oxygenation are supported. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending on the type and amount of irritant gas inhaled, victims can experience symptoms ranging from minor respiratory discomfort to acute airway and lung injury and even death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intensive care and operating room Respiratory therapists educate, diagnose, and treat people who are suffering from heart and lung problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Outpatient clinical practice Respiratory therapists are also primary clinicians in conducting tests to measure lung function and teaching people to manage asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder among other cardiac and lung functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Internationally, Respiratory Therapists that provide lung function testing are termed respiratory scientists, but in North America, they may be a Respiratory Therapist or may also be a certified pulmonary function technician in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • distress syndrome
  • The lungs of infants with respiratory distress syndrome are developmentally deficient in a material called surfactant, which helps prevent collapse of the terminal air-spaces (the future site of alveolar development) throughout the normal cycle of inhalation and exhalation. (wikipedia.org)
  • sedative
  • Respiratory stimulants such as doxapram are rarely used, and if the respiratory failure resulted from an overdose of sedative drugs such as opioids or benzodiazepines, then the appropriate antidote (naloxone or flumazenil, respectively) will be given. (wikipedia.org)
  • While it is a relatively new anti-anxiety drug, its popularity is increasing as a result of it being able to have comparable anxiolytic and sedative effects to other medications without their potentially fatal respiratory depressive side effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • While these studies point to higher doses of benzoctamine being needed to exert the same pharmacological effects, the drug is still popular because of its ability to act as an anxiolytic without producing the common respiratory depression associated with other sedative drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • therapists
  • Respiratory Therapists graduates from a Technical College with a certification in Respiratory Therapy as well as a certification from a College or University and have passed a national board certifying examination. (wikipedia.org)
  • Respiratory therapists are specialists and educators in many areas including cardiology, pulmonology, and sleep therapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Respiratory therapists initiate and manage life support for people in intensive care units and emergency departments, stabilizing, treating and managing pre-hospital and hospital-to-hospital patient transport by air or ground ambulance. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the outpatient setting Respiratory Therapists work as educators in asthma clinics, ancillary clinical staff in pediatric clinics, and sleep-disorder diagnosticians in sleep-clinics, they also serve as clinical providers in cardiology clinics and cath-labs, as well as working in pulmonary rehabilitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Respiratory therapists provide a vital role in both medicine and nursing. (wikipedia.org)
  • In facilities that maintain critical care transport teams Respiratory Therapists are a preferred addition to all types of surface or air transport. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public education In other settings Respiratory Therapists are found in schools as asthma educators, working with teachers and coaches about childhood symptoms of asthma and how to spot an emergency. (wikipedia.org)
  • In sleep clinics, Respiratory Therapists work with physicians in the diagnosis of sleep-related illnesses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Respiratory Therapists in the United States are migrating toward a role with autonomy similar to the nurse practitioner, or as an extension of the physician like the physician assistant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Respiratory Therapists are frequently utilized as complete cardiovascular specialists being utilized to place and manage arterial accesses along with peripherally-inserted central catheters. (wikipedia.org)
  • hypercapnic
  • This leads to asphyxiation (death from lack of oxygen) without the painful and traumatic feeling of suffocation (the hypercapnic alarm response, which in humans arises mostly from carbon dioxide levels rising), or the side effects of poisoning. (wikipedia.org)
  • partial
  • In one study that used benzoctamine in a clinical setting, researchers showed that the use of benzoctamine for sedation did not result in changes in forced expiratory volume in one second or carbon dioxide partial pressure PCO2. (wikipedia.org)
  • tract
  • Cyanide-based blood agents irritate the eyes and the respiratory tract, while arsine is nonirritating. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cyanide poisoning can be detected by the presence of thiocyanate or cyanide in the blood, a smell of bitter almonds, or respiratory tract inflammations and congestions in the case of cyanogen chloride poisoning. (wikipedia.org)