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  • atherogenic
  • Diabetic dyslipidemia is a cluster of potentially atherogenic lipid and lipoprotein abnormalities that are metabolically interrelated. (ahajournals.org)
  • These atherogenic lipid abnormalities precede the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes by several years, and it is thus important to elucidate the mechanisms involved in the overproduction of large VLDL particles. (ahajournals.org)
  • serum
  • To test this, serum lipid concentrations and transcript abundances of intestinal and hepatic triacylglyceride packagers and ovarian triacylglyceride modifiers and receivers were investigated throughout previtellogenesis (feeding phase) and into early vitellogenesis (fasting phase) in short-finned eels. (physiology.org)
  • nutrients
  • Fats are important in transporting other nutrients, such as vitamins A, D, E, and K the fat-soluble vitamins. (talisman.org)
  • The spawning migration of temperate eels is a textbook example of negative energy balance, forcing these fish to rely on stored fats (triacylglycerides) to provide their muscles with energy for swimming and their growing oocytes with the nutrients needed to develop and support healthy offspring. (physiology.org)
  • adipocyte
  • The main cellular component of this tissue is the adipocyte, or fat cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • MAT, by its "specific marrow location, and its adipocyte origin from at least LepR+ marrow MSC is separated from non-bone fat storage by larger expression of bone transcription factors", and likely indicates a different fat phenotype. (wikipedia.org)
  • ratio
  • Those carrying the risk allele and consuming higher carbohydrate/lower fat diets showed an unfavorable metabolic pattern [lower HDL-C and adiponectin levels, higher VAT/SAT ratio, homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and higher gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Conversely, premenopausal women carrying the risk allele and consuming lower carbohydrate/higher fat diets showed a more favorable metabolic pattern (higher HDL-C and adiponectin levels, and lower VAT/SAT ratio, HOMA-IR, GGT and ALP levels). (biomedcentral.com)
  • This is the first study reporting a gender-specific interaction between ABCA1 /R230C variant and dietary carbohydrate and fat percentages affecting VAT/SAT ratio, GGT, ALP, adiponectin levels and HOMA index. (biomedcentral.com)
  • RESULTS -Age, percent body fat, waist-to-hip ratio, visceral and subcutaneous abdominal fat areas, plasma lipid levels, and systolic and diastolic blood pressures did not differ by ACE genotype. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • indices
  • The current study investigated the impact of a PD on biomarkers of dietary fat quality and indices of FA desaturation and de novo lipogenesis compared with a prudent control diet (CD). (diva-portal.org)
  • insulation
  • In the integumentary system , which includes the skin, it accumulates in the deepest level, the subcutaneous layer, providing insulation from heat and cold. (wikia.com)
  • Primarily a form of energy reserves and insulation in the body, fats can be burned to make energy when we need energy and are not getting enough from our diet. (talisman.org)
  • humans
  • The increase in intramyocellular lipid in insulin-resistant humans is manifested as an increase in triacylglycerol content ( 2 - 6 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The ability to store fats is conserved from yeasts to humans, although the type of fat stored and the sites of storage differ among species ( 23 ). (physiology.org)
  • intake
  • The PD had long-term effects on dietary fat quality intake and plasma FA composition, changes previously linked to improved cardiometabolic health. (diva-portal.org)
  • That doesn't seem like much, but if you weigh 180 pounds, that means you may be adding potentially 36 pounds of extra fat in 20 years unless you watch your calorie intake like a hawk and maintain an active exercise program. (zonediet.com)
  • Fats are an important component of our diet, and at least a minimum intake is essential. (talisman.org)
  • Levels of fat intake are highly correlated with weight. (talisman.org)
  • Reducing fat intake to this level means cutting down greatly on consumption of red meats and dairy products such as milk, cheese, and butter. (talisman.org)
  • oils
  • Fats and oils are categorized according to the number and bonding of the carbon atoms in the aliphatic chain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some oils and fats have multiple double bonds and are therefore called polyunsaturated fats. (wikipedia.org)
  • To make vegetable shortening, then, liquid cis-unsaturated fats such as vegetable oils are hydrogenated to produce saturated fats, which have more desirable physical properties e.g., they melt at a desirable temperature (30-40 °C), and store well, whereas polyunsaturated oils go rancid when they react with oxygen in the air. (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • Fats are the most concentrated source of food energy, supplying nine calories per gram, more than double the calorie content of the proteins and carbohydrates. (talisman.org)
  • Therefore, an appreciable amount of neutral lipids and nearly all of the yolk proteins must be incorporated into the oocytes as the eel migrates. (physiology.org)
  • Visceral abdominal fat (VAT) is a distinct type of WAT that is "proportionally associated with negative metabolic and cardiovascular morbidity", regenerates cortisol, and recently has been tied to decreased bone formation Both types of WAT substantially differ from brown adipose tissue (BAT) as by a group of proteins that help BAT's thermogenic role. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore
  • Therefore, in the current study, we sought to determine whether the addition of physical activity to a weight loss program would influence fasting patterns of lipid oxidation and contribute to improved insulin resistance. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • This process is called esterification and fats are therefore esters. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fats therefore have "ester" bonds. (wikipedia.org)
  • evidence
  • Posted August 16, 2016 by Dr. Barry Sears & filed under Evidence-Based Wellness , Fat Loss . (zonediet.com)
  • dairy
  • The PD was rich in fish and vegetable fats but devoid of dairy products and lower in carbohydrates than the CD advised to follow the Nordic Nutrition recommendations. (diva-portal.org)
  • The lipids are found primarily in meats and dairy foods, at least, these are the most visible sources, but most foods contain some fat. (talisman.org)
  • calories
  • Each gram of fat when burned or metabolized releases about 9 food calories (37 kJ = 8.8 kcal). (wikipedia.org)
  • A diet that derives closer to 20 25 percent of total calories from fat is probably healthier. (talisman.org)