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  • receptors
  • inducing T-cell response (prolonged exposure of peptide-MHC complexes [signal and stimulation of expression of T-cell-activating co-stimulators [signal on the APCs' surface) and targeting (e. g. carbohydrate adjuvants which target lectin receptors on APCs). (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to be active, steroid hormones must free themselves from their blood-solubilizing proteins and either bind to extracellular receptors, or passively cross the cell membrane and bind to nuclear receptors. (wikipedia.org)
  • isolate
  • Soy protein isolate has been used since 1959 in foods for its functional properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, Julian's plant must have also been the source of the "soy protein isolate" which Ford's Robert Boyer and Frank Calvert spun into an artificial silk that was then tailored into that now famous "silk is soy" suit that Henry Ford wore on special occasions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The plant's eventual daily output of 40 tons of soy protein isolate made the Soya Products Division into Glidden's most profitable division. (wikipedia.org)
  • On May 1, 2012 DuPont announced its complete acquisition of Solae from Bunge, Food-grade soy protein isolate first became available on October 2, 1959 with the dedication of Central Soya's edible soy isolate, Promine D, production facility on the Glidden Company industrial site in Chicago. (wikipedia.org)
  • Edible soy protein "isolate" is derived from defatted soy flour with a high solubility in water (high NSI). (wikipedia.org)
  • glycosylation
  • Dolichols play a role in the co-translational modification of proteins known as N-glycosylation in the form of dolichol phosphate. (wikipedia.org)
  • The increase in the sugar carrier dolichyl phosphate may reflect an increased rate of glycosylation in the diseased brain, and the increase in the endogenous anti-oxidant ubiquinone an attempt to protect the brain from oxidative stress, for instance, induced by lipid peroxidation. (wikipedia.org)
  • immune responses
  • Surfactant-Free Anionic PLA Nanoparticles Coated with HIV-1 p24 Protein Induced Cellular and Humoral Immune Responses in Various Animal Models," Journal of Controlled Release, vol. 112, 2006, pp. 175-185. (patentgenius.com)
  • Entrapment
  • The Entrapment of a Model Protein Using a (Water-in-Oil)-in-Water Emulsion Solvent Evaporation Technique," Pharmaceutical Research,10(3):362-368 (1993). (patentgenius.com)
  • Basically, three traditional methods of enzyme immobilization can be distinguished: binding to a support(carrier), entrapment (encapsulation) and cross-linking. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sugar
  • Some time ago, a special carbohydrate consisting of four sugar components was discovered on the surface of anthrax spores. (rxpgnews.com)
  • This carbohydrate contains a sugar component that occurs nowhere else and has been named anthrose. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Self amd Foreign 60-Kilodalton Heat Shock Protein T Cell Epitope Peptides Serve As Immunogenic Carriers for a T Cell-Independent Sugar Antigen", J. Immunol. (patentgenius.com)
  • Carbohydrates include not only sugar, but also the starches that we find in foods, such as bread, pasta, and rice. (slideshare.net)
  • The term glycomics is derived from the chemical prefix for sweetness or a sugar, "glyco-", and was formed to follow the naming convention established by genomics (which deals with genes) and proteomics (which deals with proteins). (wikipedia.org)
  • pathway
  • It is concluded that, in the presence of a favorable chemiosmotic environment, prorenin is processed to renin, which may then be secreted by regulative degranulation or divergence translocation, a novel secretory pathway used by several secretory proteins, including renin. (umassmed.edu)
  • One possible pathway is that once inside the cell these complexes are taken to the lysosome, where the carrier protein is degraded and the steroid hormone is released into the cytoplasm of the target cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1995
  • Preparation and Characterization of Biodegradable poly(isobutylcyano acrylate) Nanoparticles with the Surface Modified by the Adsorption of Proteins", Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, vol. 4, 1995, pp. 349-356. (patentgenius.com)
  • carbon
  • The simplest version of a carbohydrate is a monosaccharide which contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:2:1 ratio under a general formula of CnH2nOn where n is a minimum of 3. (wikipedia.org)
  • weak
  • However, physical bonding is generally too weak to keep the enzyme fixed to the carrier under industrial conditions of high reactant and product concentrations and high ionic strength. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • Comprising 75% of the biological world and 80% of all food intake for human consumption, the most common known human carbohydrate is Sucrose[citation needed]. (wikipedia.org)
  • The soy cotyledon storage proteins, important for human nutrition, can be extracted most efficiently by water, water plus dilute alkali (pH 7-9), or aqueous solutions of sodium chloride (0.5-2 M ≈ 30-120 g/l) from dehulled and defatted soybeans that have undergone only a minimal heat treatment so the protein is close to being native or undenatured. (wikipedia.org)
  • casein
  • Soy flour or defatted soy flour (50% protein) glue which originally replaced the more expensive casein glue for Douglas fir plywood is re-emerging as the glue of choice to replace toxic urea formaldehyde and phenol formaldehyde resin glues with a formaldehyde-free soy glue. (wikipedia.org)
  • cell
  • MHC Interaction and T Cell Recognition of Carbohydrates and Glycopeptides", J. Immun. (patentgenius.com)
  • Endocytosis is a form of active transport in which a cell transports molecules (such as proteins) into the cell (endo- + cytosis) by engulfing them in an energy-using process. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • The cationized form of BSA (cBSA) is highly positively charged protein with significantly increased immunogenicity. (wikipedia.org)
  • type
  • Antibody Responses to Haemophilus influenzae Type b and Diphtheria Toxin Induced by Conjugates of Oligosaccharides of the Type b Capsule with the Nontoxic Protein CRM",Infect. (patentgenius.com)
  • Immunization of 2-month-old infants with protein-coupled oligosaccharides derived from the capsule of Haemophilus influenzae type b",J. Pediatrics,107:346-351,(1985). (patentgenius.com)
  • Immunogens Consisting of Oligosaccharides from the Capsule of Haemophilus influenzae Type b Coupled to Diphtheria Toxoid or the Toxin Protein CRM197",J. Clin. (patentgenius.com)
  • p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. (uniprot.org)
  • large
  • In animals, as well as some fungi such as yeast, these same reactions occur on fatty acid synthase I (FASI), a large dimeric protein that has all of the enzymatic activities required to create a fatty acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • Dehulled and defatted soybeans are processed into three kinds of high protein commercial products : soy flour, concentrates, and isolates. (wikipedia.org)
  • sequence
  • Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed. (uniprot.org)
  • kinase
  • Purpose Review aberrations of insulin signaling to atypical proteins kinase C (aPKC) in muscles and liver that generate cardiovascular risk elements, including, weight problems, hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, insulin level of resistance and blood sugar intolerance in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and obesity-associated metabolic symptoms (MetSyn). (biomasswars.com)
  • sequences
  • It is now known that each of the A, B, and O alleles is actually a class of multiple alleles with different DNA sequences that produce proteins with identical properties: more than 70 alleles are known at the ABO locus. (wikipedia.org)
  • SUGAR
  • The increase in the sugar carrier dolichyl phosphate may reflect an increased rate of glycosylation in the diseased brain, and the increase in the endogenous anti-oxidant ubiquinone an attempt to protect the brain from oxidative stress, for instance, induced by lipid peroxidation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Results showed that there are special proteins (lectins) present on the zeospheres of the fungi which recognize specific sugar moieties upon the algal cell wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • complexes
  • One study has found that these steroid-carrier complexes are bound by megalin, a membrane receptor, and are then taken into cells via endocytosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • One possible pathway is that once inside the cell these complexes are taken to the lysosome, where the carrier protein is degraded and the steroid hormone is released into the cytoplasm of the target cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • Four out of the five protein complexes involved in oxidative phosphorylation are most commonly disrupted in Leigh syndrome, either because of malformed protein or because of an error in the assembly of these complexes. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Dolichols play a role in the co-translational modification of proteins known as N-glycosylation in the form of dolichol phosphate. (wikipedia.org)
  • usually
  • Carriers may heal spontaneously, but acquired immunity may be short, and they may go on to reinfect, usually within a few weeks, if they are living in a group with healthy, but persistent, excretory carriers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike proteins and RNA, DNA usually lacks tertiary structure and therefore damage or disturbance does not occur at that level. (wikipedia.org)
  • function
  • A null allele is a gene variant that lacks the gene's normal function because it either is not expressed, or the expressed protein is inactive. (wikipedia.org)
  • healthy
  • The virus is excreted in the feces of the healthy carrier, and can be detected by Polymerase Chain Reaction or "PCR" of feces or by PCR testing of rectal samples. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • The most common of these mutations is found in 10 to 20 percent of Leigh syndrome and occurs in MT-ATP6, a gene that codes for a protein in the last complex of the oxidative phosphorylation chain, ATP synthase, an enzyme that directly generates ATP. (wikipedia.org)
  • important
  • Soybean ( Glycine max (L.) Merrill) is a globally important commercial crop, grown mainly for its protein, oil and nutraceutical contents. (intechopen.com)
  • structure
  • On the other hand the fluorescence emission of the protein increased upon binding to the PLGA-PEG-NH2 indicating conformational changes in the protein structure. (scirp.org)
  • upon
  • Study done using fluorescence spectroscopy displayed a decrease in fluorescence emission of the protein upon binding to PLGA-COOH. (scirp.org)
  • surface
  • We investigated the interaction of PEGylated and un-PEGylated PLGA NPs with Recombinant Human Mannose-Binding Protein (HMBP) in an effort to understand the effect of surface modification on their binding to the protein. (scirp.org)
  • Coronaviruses are covered with several types of "S proteins" (or E2) forming a crown of protein spikes on the surface of the virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • normal
  • Susceptible persons are offspring of phenotypically normal parents who are carriers of the trait. (pharmacologicalsciences.us)
  • In matings between two phenotypically normal heterozygotes, the probability of having a susceptible child (the segregation frequency) averages 1 /4 (Figure 5.3) and that of having a carrier among phenotypically normal children is 2/3. (pharmacologicalsciences.us)
  • However
  • DNA is, however, supercoiled and wound around "packaging" proteins called histones (in eukaryotes), and both superstructures are vulnerable to the effects of DNA damage. (wikipedia.org)