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  • biopsy
  • If you have a history of cancer, doctors can often diagnose brain metastasis based on the results of imaging tests so a biopsy isn't usually needed. (cancer.ca)
  • A biopsy may be done after imaging tests if you have never had cancer, or if the doctor thinks that there might not really be brain metastases. (cancer.ca)
  • A sample of her cancer cells retrieved during a biopsy were sent to Dr. George Gey's nearby tissue lab. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • basal
  • Stanford Cancer Institute researchers have found possible drug targets that may allow for a more personalized treatment of basal cell carcinoma. (stanford.edu)
  • Historically
  • Historically, adenocarcinoma was more often seen peripherally in the lungs than small cell lung cancer and squamous cell lung cancer, both of which tended to be more often centrally located. (wikipedia.org)
  • Historically the death rate associated with this cancer is particularly high not because it is hard to discover or diagnose, but due to the cancer being routinely discovered late in its development. (oralcancerfoundation.org)
  • Another obstacle to early discovery (and resulting better outcomes) is the advent of a virus, HPV16, contributing more to the incidence rate of oral cancers, particularly in the posterior part of the mouth (the oropharynx, the tonsils, the base of tongue areas) which many times does not produce visible lesions or discolorations that have historically been the early warning signs of the disease process. (oralcancerfoundation.org)
  • prevention
  • Select a type of cancer to learn about treatment, causes and prevention, screening, and the latest research. (cancer.gov)
  • But it's more than our decades of experience, top national rankings and leadership in cancer prevention that set us apart. (mdanderson.org)
  • The Institute's mission is to support and coordinate the wide range of cancer-related activities - in basic, translational, clinical and population-based science - occurring at Stanford University, Stanford Health Care and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford, along with its partner institution, the Cancer Prevention Institute of California. (stanford.edu)
  • Consumer health resource center providing general information on cancer prevention, symptoms and treatment. (dmoztools.net)
  • Includes information including news, prevention, clinical trials, conferences and psychosocial support from the University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center. (dmoztools.net)
  • Lifestyle tips and resources for cancer prevention and survivorship. (dmoztools.net)
  • Offers up to date reference and resource material related to nutrition and cancer prevention. (dmoztools.net)
  • Food coaching and nutritional services with a focus on cancer prevention. (dmoztools.net)
  • radiation therapy
  • In addition, surgery to remove involved lymph nodes in the neck (called a neck dissection) may be necessary if the amount of disease in the neck nodes is relatively extensive or if the cancer in the neck nodes has not been eliminated completely by the end of the radiation therapy course. (radiologyinfo.org)
  • stages
  • Over several months, and more than 12,000 trials, the dogs correctly selected the samples in roughly 90 percent of the cases, as well as across all four stages of the cancers. (vetstreet.com)
  • incidence
  • Among HPV-infected women, current and former smokers have roughly two to three times the incidence of invasive cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • infections
  • In the developing world nearly 20% of cancers are due to infections such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human papillomavirus infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • lymph nodes
  • Often oral cancer is only discovered when the cancer has metastasized to another location, most likely the lymph nodes of the neck. (oralcancerfoundation.org)
  • The risk of spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream is closely related to whether the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in the neck, how many nodes are involved, and their location in the neck. (radiologyinfo.org)
  • The risk is higher if cancer is in lymph nodes in the lower part of the neck rather than only in those located in the upper neck. (radiologyinfo.org)
  • humans
  • Today, these incredible cells- nicknamed "HeLa" cells, from the first two letters of her first and last names - are used to study the effects of toxins, drugs, hormones and viruses on the growth of cancer cells without experimenting on humans. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • risk
  • Older age is the main risk factor for most cancers. (cancer.gov)
  • These genetic tests are sometimes done for members of families with a high risk of cancer. (cancer.gov)
  • The MRL is an estimate of the daily human exposure to a hazardous substance that is likely to be without appreciable risk of adverse, non-cancer health effects over a specified duration of exposure. (cdc.gov)
  • It is most common in men over the age of 60, although the risk is higher for younger men with a strong family history of certain cancers. (cancer.org.au)
  • The risk of suicide in people with cancer is approximately double. (wikipedia.org)
  • HPV vaccines protect against between two and seven high-risk strains of this family of viruses and may prevent up to 90% of cervical cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a risk of cancer still exists, guidelines recommend continuing regular Pap tests. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurrence
  • The International Agency for Research on Cancer provides access to reports and databases on occurrence and characteristics. (dmoztools.net)
  • research
  • Amount we've invested in cancer research since 1946. (cancer.org)
  • Seattle Cancer Care Alliance brings together the leading research teams and cancer specialists of Fred Hutch, Seattle Children's, and UW Medicine. (seattlecca.org)
  • Advancing cancer research. (stanford.edu)
  • Designation as a Comprehensive Cancer Center signifies that the Stanford Cancer Institute maintains the highest level of scientific rigor, institutional support and coordination for the complete range of cancer-related research, including basic, translational, clinical and population-based science. (stanford.edu)
  • With your support, we can fund more breakthrough research and more cures for cancers of all kinds. (cancerresearch.org)
  • Cancer Research Institute is a 501(c)(3) charitable organization. (cancerresearch.org)
  • Your support helps us fund vital cancer research, run life-saving education programs, and support the thousands of Australians affected by cancer each year who need our help. (cancer.org.au)
  • Offers foods, recipes, cookbooks, news and research reports that may have cancer fighting properties. (dmoztools.net)