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  • bacterium
  • This review will focus on the bacterium Campylobacter jejuni which is a leading cause of food borne illness in the developed world. (springer.com)
  • The disease is usually caused by C. jejuni, a spiral and comma shaped bacterium normally found in cattle, swine, and birds, where it is nonpathogenic, but the illness can also be caused by C. coli (also found in cattle, swine, and birds), C. upsaliensis (found in cats and dogs) and C. lari (present in seabirds in particular). (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms
  • Investigators discovered that several of the chickens in the home displayed similar symptoms and C. jejuni was found in their droppings. (wikipedia.org)
  • erythromycin
  • As C. jejuni is only susceptible to erythromycin, it is crucial to make the differential diagnosis from dysentery caused by Shigellae or by Entamoeba histolytica , in order to prescribe the appropriate treatment 3 . (springer.com)
  • C. jejuni can be treated with the antibiotics erythromycin and tetracycline. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • Studies on the pathogenesis of C. jejuni show that for this organism to cause disease, the susceptibility of the host and the relative virulence of the infecting strain are both important. (wikipedia.org)
  • C. jejuni can also cause a latent autoimmune effect on the nerves of the legs, which is usually seen several weeks after a surgical procedure of the abdomen. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • One study found that 30% of European starlings in farm settings in Oxfordshire, United Kingdom, were carriers of C. jejuni. (wikipedia.org)
  • causes
  • Among the many causes of diarrhoea, C. jejuni 1 is seldom reported in the routine search for pathogens due to the special conditions it requires for isolation and growth. (springer.com)
  • Campylobacter jejuni (/ˈkæmpɪloʊˌbæktər dʒəˈdʒuːni/) is one of the most common causes of food poisoning in the United States and in Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among
  • The pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns of the isolates were indistinguishable when restricted separately by two enzymes, Sma I and Kpn I. This PFGE pattern had never been reported among 667 specimens from which C. jejuni was isolated in Wyoming and is rare in CDC's PulseNet* database, with a frequency of 0.09% (8 of 8,817). (cdc.gov)
  • Review
  • The goal of this review is a greater understanding of how abiotic stress and thermodynamics influence the viability of C. jejuni . (springer.com)
  • Products
  • Neither patient with laboratory-confirmed illness reported consumption of poultry or unpasteurized dairy products, which are common sources of exposure to C. jejuni ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • water
  • Bolton FJ, Hinchliffe PM, Coates D, Robertson L (1982) A most probable number method for estimating small numbers of Campylobacters in water. (springer.com)
  • Bacteria
  • These Career Award funds would enable new mouse models including, 1)""""""""Murine models of C. jejuni colonization and enteritis"""""""" to determine mechanisms by which C. jejuni and other enteric bacteria stimulate chronic inflammation in the gut, and 2)""""""""Worm mediated control of inflammatory Bowel Disease"""""""" to determine immunomodulatory properties of defined parasitic products from Trichuris on colonic inflammation (spontaneous and pathogenmediated). (grantome.com)
  • Furthermore, the kinetics of internalization, the total number of internalized bacteria as well as the intracellular localization of internalized C. jejuni were dramatically influenced by bacterial viability. (diva-portal.org)
  • citation needed] The diarrhea-causing bacteria Campylobacter jejuni is also a reported cause of transverse myelitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • ENZYME
  • Che Y, Li Y, Slavik M (2001) Detection of Campylobacter jejuni in poultry samples using an enzyme-linked immunoassay coupled with an enzyme electrode. (springer.com)
  • This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine + N,N'-diacetyl-alpha-D-bacillosaminyl-diphospho-tritrans,heptacis-undecaprenol ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } UDP + N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-alpha-(1->3)-N,N'-diacetyl-alpha-D-bacillosaminyl-diphospho-tritrans,heptacis-undecaprenol This enzyme is isolated from Campylobacter jejuni. (wikipedia.org)
  • protein
  • It is based on the interaction of a specific DNA aptamer with surface protein in the cell membranes of C. jejuni . (springer.com)
  • This assay was designed based on interaction of specific DNA aptamer with surface protein in c. jejuni cell membrane without any modification of aptamer. (springer.com)
  • The hisB gene, found in the enterobacteria (such as E. coli), in Campylobacter jejuni and in Xylella/Xanthomonas encodes a protein involved in catalysis of two step in histidine biosynthesis (the sixth and eight step), namely the bifunctional Imidazoleglycerol-phosphate dehydratase/histidinol-phosphatase. (wikipedia.org)
  • poultry
  • Two C. coli and 13 C. jejuni isolates, mainly from pigs or poultry, were resistant to three or more antibiotics and 12 of these strains had reduced susceptibility to acridine orange and/or ethidium bromide. (oup.com)
  • occur
  • These data indicate that multiple antibiotic resistant (MAR)-like Campylobacter strains occur and it may be postulated that these may overexpress cmeABC or another efflux system. (oup.com)
  • however, it can also occur in either the duodenum and jejunum, and occasionally the portions of the small intestine and proximal colon. (wikipedia.org)
  • animal
  • From 1990-2003, she focused on finding naturally occurring animal models for Campylobacter jejuni and Cyst forming coccidia (Sarcocystis neurona, etc.) with the long-term goal to convert these to mouse models. (grantome.com)