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  • Plakoglobin
  • F9 cells were genetically engineered to lack β-catenin, resulting in increased association of plakoglobin with E-cadherin. (wikipedia.org)
  • In F9 cells lacking both β-catenin and plakoglobin, very little E-cadherin and α-catenin accumulated at the cell surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • adherens
  • These complexes, which help regulate cell growth in addition to creating and maintaining epithelial layers, are known as adherens junctions and they typically include at least cadherin, β-catenin, and α-catenin. (wikipedia.org)
  • α-catenin participates in the formation and stabilization of adherens junctions by binding to β-catenin-cadherin complexes in the cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • catenins
  • Catenins play roles in cellular organization and polarity long before the development and incorporation of Wnt signaling pathways and cadherins. (wikipedia.org)