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  • skeletal
  • The general shape or figure of a person is defined mainly by the molding of skeletal structures, as well as the distribution of muscles and fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • Body Fat and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease? (dressamed.com)
  • For many years the medical community and researchers have recognized the link between body fat and disease of the heart and arteries. (dressamed.com)
  • There is no proof however that body fat is a cause of cardiovascular disease or that the link between the two is a general one that applies across the board. (dressamed.com)
  • The lower body fat is that of the buttocks and hips. (dressamed.com)
  • But for now, suffice it to say - "the location of body fat is to the risk of heart disease as the location of real estate is to its value. (dressamed.com)
  • Very early in life the body makes decisions about where to store fat. (medicalxpress.com)
  • People's body shape-apple versus pear-is based on the way their bodies allocate fat. (medicalxpress.com)
  • PORTLAND, Ore. , Dec. 6, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- The Gabel Center is shaking up men's aesthetics with a powerful, new treatment called EMSCULPT - the first and truly non-invasive body sculpting procedure now available in Portland that works on both fat and muscle. (biospace.com)
  • The logic being that if one is in a fasted state, their glycogen levels will be low and will force their body to burn fat. (anabolicminds.com)
  • This is most likely due to the fact if one relies mostly upon fat stores during cardio (i.e. low intensity cardio), the body will burn predominantly glucose at other times of the day. (anabolicminds.com)
  • Likewise, if one mainly utilizes glucose for energy during cardio (i.e. high intensity cardio) the body will customarily rely on fat at other times of the day in order to spare muscle glycogen. (anabolicminds.com)
  • Training in and of itself causes the body to preferentially spare muscle glycogen and burn fat. (anabolicminds.com)
  • Body measurements - taken with calipers to measure several skinfold thicknesses (the width of a fat fold) and with a tape measure to measure the circumference of parts of the body. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • DXA X-ray - measures body fat, muscle and bone mineral content. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Bioelectric impedance analysis device - measures the proportions of body fat based on electrical conduction of a small electric current. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The purpose of this study is to compare the body fat distribution in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) infected patients receiving, since the beginning and for at least two years, an antiretroviral therapy based on efavirenz or lopinavir/ritonavir and a combination of tenofovir plus emtricitabine (or lamivudine). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Change Over Time in Body Fat Distribution [ Time Frame: DEXA performed at the study visit and more than 6 months prior to the study visit (the period of time between the DEXA recorded at the study visit and the previous DEXA ranged from 6 to 36 months). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Change over time in total body fat and fat in the limbs and trunk was assessed by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in participants for whom a DEXA measurement performed at least 6 months before participation in this study was available. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • For those whose bodies are pear-shaped, the fat tends to accumulate in the lower part of the body, like the buttocks. (howtolosebellyfat.net)
  • This is why at age 25, females will have about twice the percent body fat and more fat cells than males. (zonediet.com)
  • Typically, you gain about 1% of your body weight as additional fat each year after age 25. (zonediet.com)
  • Yet, although your body fat may be increasing, your weight might not change over the years because you are also losing muscle mass. (zonediet.com)
  • In physical fitness, body composition is used to describe the percentages of fat, bone, water and muscle in human bodies. (wikipedia.org)
  • A reasonably accurate estimation of body fat can be obtained by means of a "two compartment model" of the human body which is based upon two simplifying assumptions: 1. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lean (non-fat) components of the human body have an overall density of 1.1 grams/ml. (wikipedia.org)
  • The two compartment model allows for an estimation of the proportions of fat and lean components of the body to be made from the overall body density. (wikipedia.org)
  • The technique then estimates the percentage of body fat and lean body mass (LBM) through empirically derived equations similar to those used with underwater weighing (for the density of fat and fat free mass). (wikipedia.org)
  • Another method is bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), which uses the resistance of electrical flow through the body to estimate body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Drinking water dilutes the electrolytes in the body making it less conductive as does increasing body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Generally during early adulthood, females tend to have a more peripheral fat distribution such that their fat is evenly distributed over their body. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, it has been found that as females age, bear children and approach menopause, this distribution shifts towards the android pattern of fat distribution resulting in a 42.1% increase in android body fat distribution in postmenstrual women. (wikipedia.org)
  • The presence of fat in the trunk and upper body in males is facilitated by testosterone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Android fat develops as a back-up source of energy when the male body is experiencing an imbalance, whereas gynoid fat develops after puberty, in order to better prepare the body for supporting a potential infant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Android body fat distribution is related to high cardiovascular disease and mortality rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Body shape is affected by body fat distribution, which is correlated to current levels of sex hormones. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body fat percentage recommendations are higher for females, as this may serve as an energy reserve for pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, in most instances of fat-graft breast augmentation the increase is of medium volume - usually one brassière cup-size or less - which usually is the physiologic limit allowed by the metabolism of the woman's body. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • In adult humans, muscle mass may change due to exercise, and fat distribution may change due to hormone fluctuations. (wikipedia.org)
  • acids
  • Cortisol will liberate amino acids to produce glucose (glucose cannot be synthesized from fats) and can lead to muscle loss. (anabolicminds.com)
  • injection
  • We have determined that with respect to treatment occurring through an injection of fat or other substances into the patient's face, this statutory bar does not apply. (cms.gov)
  • pear-shaped bodies
  • Even in ancient societies, poor nutrition leading to investment in VAT contributed to apple-shaped bodies, versus more 'beautiful,' voluptuous, pear-shaped bodies associated with SAT fat storage by better-nourished babies. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Therefore
  • Therefore, measuring a person's oestrogen to testosterone ratio can reveal their predicted gynoid to android fat distribution. (wikipedia.org)
  • cardiovascular
  • The research under discussion has brought the realization of the relationship between fat distribution and the risk of cardiovascular disease to a new level. (dressamed.com)
  • This more female-patterned fat distribution has been linked to risk factors for cardiovascular disease, in both males and females. (wikipedia.org)
  • composition
  • However, a major difficulty in grading foods, meals and diets according to their potential to elevate postprandial triglyceride levels has been the lack of a standardised marker that takes into consideration both the general characteristics of the food and the food's fat composition and quantity. (biomedcentral.com)