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  • copolymer
  • The propellant having about 1 weight percent iron content showed a burning rate superior to propellants having an equal amount of iron content While in a propellant as n-butyl ferrocene and Fe O Although a partial replacement of carboxyterminated binder was made by the vinyl ferrocene-butadiene copolymer, the physical properties of the propellant composition were maintained at a satisfactory level. (google.es)
  • global butadiene
  • The report, "Butadiene Market & Its Derivatives (SBR, PBR, ABS, SB Latex, Adiponitrile, NR & Others) Market by Applications & Geography - Trends and Forecasts to 2018", defines and segments the global butadiene market & its derivatives market with analysis and forecasting of the global consumption volume and value. (pitchengine.com)
  • It provides complete overview of Global Butadiene market considering all the major industry trends, market dynamics and competitive scenario. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • The study on Global Butadiene market provides analysis of China market covering the industry trends, recent developments in the market and competitive landscape. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • Research study on Global Butadiene market also discusses the opportunity areas for investors. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • monomer
  • One cohort study of workers in the United States who manufactured 1,3-butadiene monomer showed a moderate and significant excess of lymphohaematopoietic cancers based on 42 deaths. (inchem.org)
  • exposure
  • Modelling data also predict that butadiene has a low potential to bioaccumulate, suggesting that toxicity from long-term exposure to aquatic organisms is of low concern. (americanchemistry.com)
  • Major sources of butadiene exposure in the ambient air are on-road and off-road vehicles and other combustion sources. (americanchemistry.com)
  • The OSHA Butadiene Standard also establishes an Action Level of 0.5 ppm (8-hour TWA), which effectively limits occupational exposure to 1,3-butadiene further. (americanchemistry.com)
  • The most recent follow-up showed a consistent excess of leukaemia and a significant dose response relationship with cumulative exposure to 1,3-butadiene, which remained after adjustment for exposure to styrene. (inchem.org)
  • Matched pair analyses on the total study population of 59 cases and 193 referents revealed a strong association between leukemia and butadiene exposure (odds ratio 9.36), as well as an association between leukemia and styrene exposure (odds ratio 3.13) that did not achieve statistical significance. (cdc.gov)
  • The odds ratio for butadiene remained high when exposure to both styrene and butadiene was included in a conditional logistic regression model. (cdc.gov)
  • Members of the C4 low 1,3-butadiene category are flammable gases at room temperature and therefore dermal and oral exposure is unlikely. (europa.eu)
  • The best estimate of human lifetime extra cancer risk from chronic exposure to 1,3-butadiene is 9 X 10-3 per ppm based on a linear extrapolation of the increased leukemia risks observed in occupationally exposed workers. (epa.gov)
  • The corresponding estimate of the chronic exposure level of 1,3-butadiene resulting in an extra cancer risk of 10-6 (i.e., one in a million) is 0.1 ppb. (epa.gov)
  • petrochemical
  • 1. Know the capital investment required Examine the operating costs & raw materials consumption Butadiene (BD) is a commodity product of the petrochemical industry. (slideshare.net)
  • In spite of the naphtha (one of the raw materials) prices remaining nearly constant, butadiene prices have been highly volatile as it is petrochemical, the prices of crude oil directly affect the butadiene prices. (grandviewresearch.com)
  • ethylene
  • Butadiene is produced commercially by extractive distillation from crude butylene concentration (C4) stream, a by-product of ethylene and propylene production. (americanchemistry.com)
  • Below is the list of Alkenes (Ethylene, Propylene, Butylene, Butadiene) Market Business Reports available for other countries. (marketpublishers.com)
  • aromatic
  • Butadiene, also known as 1, 3-butadiene, is a colorless, non-corrosive gas that condenses to a liquid at minus 4.5 degrees centigrade and has a mild aromatic odor. (americanchemistry.com)
  • The flammability of acrylonitrile-butadiene-sytrene resin is significantly decreased by adding thereto a combination of a brominated aromatic ether and iron or chromium naphthenate.The brominated aromatic ethers which may be used are illustrated by the generalized structure: ##STR1## in which x is 2 to 5 and y is 0 to 5, provided x plus y equals at least 2. (patentgenius.com)
  • feedstock
  • GBI Research, a leading business intelligence provider, has released its latest research, "Butadiene Market in the Americas to 2020 - Persistent Supply Shortages due to Continued Substitution of Crude Oil by Shale Gas as the Feedstock" is an in-depth report, which is focused on the demand side of the Americas butadiene industry. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Butadiene is a major feedstock to manufacture SBR, with just less than one third of its total global demand being consumed to manufacture SBR. (pitchengine.com)
  • chemicals
  • Industrial emissions of chemicals such as 1,3 -butadiene are reported annually to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and made available by EPA to the public in the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) . (americanchemistry.com)
  • ETHANOL
  • The project, which is sponsored by BETO, aimed to generate butadiene from renewable sources by developing a new catalyst that can convert ethanol into butadiene. (lexology.com)
  • The current ethanol-to-butadiene catalysts required pure ethanol, free of water, to be passed through multiple times to achieve a 70 percent yield. (lexology.com)
  • The team of PNNL researchers has developed a silver nitrate powder and zirconyl nitrate-based catalyst capable of converting 70 percent of aqueous ethanol to butadiene in a single pass under industrially-relevant conditions. (lexology.com)
  • detectable
  • Note: NIOSH recommends as part of its carcinogen policy that the "most protective" respirators be worn for 1,3-butadiene at any detectable concentration. (cdc.gov)
  • United States
  • United States Patent 3,770,787 VINYL FERROCENE BUTADIENE COPGLTMER BURNING RATE CATALYST Jimmy D. Burnett, Arab, Ala, assignor to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army No Drawing. (google.es)
  • report
  • For a 10-page description of our methodology, visit www.intratec.us/reports/industrial-processes-economics Reports Focused on Butadiene Production Economics ECONOMICS OF BUTADIENE PRODUCTION FROM N-BUTANE (BD E11A) This report presents the economics of 1,3-Butadiene (BD) production from n-butane in the USA, using a dehydrogenation process similar to CB&I Lummus Catadiene. (slideshare.net)
  • Overall, the report presents a comprehensive analysis of the Americas butadiene market, covering all major parameters. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Besides, the report provides butadiene prices in regional markets. (marketpublishers.com)
  • In addition to the above the report determines butadiene consumers. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Classification
  • There is no indication that streams within the C4 low 1,3-butadiene category cause skin or respiratory sensitisation and therefore, according to the EU and GHS/CLP criteria, the category members do not require classification for sensitisation properties. (europa.eu)
  • flammable
  • In accordance with REACH Annex VII column 2 adaptation, studies on skin sensitisation do not need to be conducted as members of the C4 low 1,3-butadiene category are flammable gases at room temperature. (europa.eu)
  • toxicity
  • Members of the C4 low 1,3-butadiene category show low sub-chronic toxicity and low potential for neurotoxicity. (europa.eu)
  • Repeat dose toxicity data with neurotoxicity assessments are available for two of the component substances of the C4 low 1,3-butadiene category (butane and isobutane). (europa.eu)
  • production
  • Techno-economic analyses of specific butadiene production processes, presenting capital investment breakdown, raw materials consumed and operating costs. (slideshare.net)
  • The Intratec portfolio (www.intratec.us/our-portfolio) includes reports examining specific Butadiene production processes. (slideshare.net)
  • ECONOMICS OF BIO-BUTADIENE PRODUCTION FROM GLUCOSE (BD E41A) It presents the economics of bio-based 1,3-Butadiene (BD) production from glucose syrup in the USA using a direct aerobic fermentation process similar to the one proposed by Global Bioenergies. (slideshare.net)
  • Environmental sources include industrial releases from butadiene production and use, automobile exhaust, cigarette smoke and other combustion sources. (americanchemistry.com)
  • According to EPA, only 1.6 percent of total environmental releases nationally are due to butadiene production and use. (americanchemistry.com)
  • A small cohort study of 1,3-butadiene production workers showed a significant excess of lymphosarcoma and reticulosarcoma, based on four cases. (inchem.org)
  • The impact of air pollution caused by butadiene production is a major cause of concern. (grandviewresearch.com)
  • occurrence
  • The general population may be exposed to very low levels of 1,3-butadiene due to its occurrence in engine exhausts and cigarette smoke. (inchem.org)