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  • herds
  • The disease may also be spread when wild animals or animals from an affected herd mingle with brucellosis-free herds. (usda.gov)
  • While there is no cure for brucellosis, it can be avoided by practicing proper sanitation methods and herd management strategies such as maintaining closed herds, recording individual animal identification and maintaining accurate records, isolating and testing new animals and those re-entering the herd, and arranging diagnostic workups and/or necropsies for exposed and potentially infected animals. (usda.gov)
  • Identification of market animals for tracing, surveillance to find infected animals, investigation of affected herds, and vaccination of replacement calves in brucellosis-affected areas are important features of the current program. (usda.gov)
  • Although now a controlled livestock disease, Brucellosis can cause problems for hobby-farm herds if carried by wildlife. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • Prevention
  • Control and prevention programs in animal brucellosis require effective collaboration between all sections of the community and must be properly planned, coordinated and resourced. (springer.com)
  • direct contact with infected
  • Brucellosis is commonly transmitted to susceptible animals by direct contact with infected animals or with an environment contaminated by discharges from infected animals. (usda.gov)
  • With dogs, the main mode of transmission of brucellosis is by direct contact with infected body fluids, such as semen, vaginal secretions, and urine. (akc.org)
  • herd
  • Despite occasional exceptions, the general rule is that brucellosis is carried from one herd to another by an infected or exposed animal. (usda.gov)
  • endemic
  • Brucellosis, which is also called Mediterranean or Malta fever, is an endemic enzootic disease and can involve various organ systems. (hindawi.com)
  • milk
  • Studies have shown that, if brucellosis eradication program efforts were stopped, the costs of producing beef and milk would increase by an estimated $80 million annually in less than ten years. (usda.gov)
  • Brucellosis normally doesn't spread from person to person, but in a few cases, women have passed the disease to their infants during birth or through their breast milk. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that is transmittable to humans from infected animal reservoirs especially from milk and milk products [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • serology
  • The serology for brucellosis was positive in high titre (standard agglutination test-1:640). (hindawi.com)
  • All medical files of brucellosis, 2005-2014, identified through positive blood cultures or International Classification of Diseases 9th revision coding with positive serology, were reviewed retrospectively. (ovid.com)
  • outbreak
  • PANAMA - National Animal Health Officials are baffled as to the source of a Brucellosis outbreak centred on the western half of the country's capital. (thebeefsite.com)
  • agglutination test
  • Thirty-two brucellosis patients diagnosed with positive serum agglutination test and thirty-two randomized healthy subjects were enrolled in this study retrospectively. (hindawi.com)
  • Signs
  • Other signs of brucellosis include an apparent lowering of fertility with poor conception rates, retained afterbirths with resulting uterine infections, and (occasionally) enlarged, arthritic joints. (usda.gov)
  • animals
  • People who work with animals or come into contact with infected blood are at higher risk of brucellosis. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Brucellosis is a significant public health problem in developing countries like India, where most of the rural population lives in close contact with animals. (hindawi.com)