• The organization has played a significant role in President Obama's BRAIN initiative . (wikipedia.org)
  • And in coming years, Europe's Human Brain Project will attempt to create a computational simulation of the human brain, while the U.S. BRAIN Initiative will try to create a wide-ranging picture of brain activity. (technologyreview.com)
  • Insel is lead author of an editorial about the BRAIN Initiative that was published May 9 in the journal Science. (livescience.com)
  • President Barack Obama announced the BRAIN Initiative on April 2. (livescience.com)
  • The BRAIN Initiative frequently draws comparisons to the Human Genome Project, an international effort to identify and map all the genes of human beings, and determine the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA. (livescience.com)
  • Stein was an early critic of the BRAIN Initiative , but said the editorial published in Science answered many of his concerns about the project. (livescience.com)
  • Some of the projects resulting from the 2013 government brain map initiative, according to the MIT Technology Review, have the potential to help scientists and physicians gain a better understanding of brain activities. (reference.com)
  • The European Commission's Human Brain Project and Obama's BRAIN Initiative were both launched this year. (nature.com)
  • The money that the President's 2014 budget will request for the BRAIN initiative will come from the National Institutes of Health, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, and the National Science Foundation. (technologyreview.com)
  • The Obama administration announced the BRAIN Initiative today, which is a $100 million research project to accelerate our understanding of the human brain . (dailytech.com)
  • The BRAIN Initiative is launching with about $100 million in funding in the Fiscal Year 2014 budget. (dailytech.com)
  • For example, the Allen Institute for Brain Science will pay at least $60 million annually for BRAIN Initiative projects. (dailytech.com)
  • Francis Collins, director of the National Institutes of Health, introduces President Barack Obama at a White House press conference announcing the BRAIN Initiative on April 2. (ucsf.edu)
  • President Barack Obama on April 2 unveiled a $100 million public-private initiative to map the brain to gain greater insight on how we think, learn and remember and to better understand and treat diseases ranging from autism to schizophrenia. (ucsf.edu)
  • We have a chance to improve the lives of not just millions, but billions of people on this planet through the research that's done in this BRAIN Initiative alone," said President Obama. (ucsf.edu)
  • Keith Yamamoto , PhD, vice chancellor for research, who also witnessed the historic event at the White House, said UCSF faculty have been involved in some early discussions within the University about the brain initiative. (ucsf.edu)
  • With our remarkable spectrum of superb basic, clinical and population research and patient care, UCSF is ideally positioned to contribute to the BRAIN Initiative," Yamamoto said. (ucsf.edu)
  • The mapping effort is part of the federal Human Brain project, an initiative sponsored by the National Institute of Mental Health and 15 other government organizations. (latimes.com)
  • While it bears no relation to President Obama's BRAIN Initiative, BigBrain is certainly the kind of work that could propel the audacious federal project forward. (pbs.org)
  • It's likely, too, that BigBrain will help contribute to discoveries made in the BRAIN Initiative. (pbs.org)
  • Like the Human Genome Project, the BRAIN Initiative will stand on the shoulders of smaller projects. (pbs.org)
  • The companion Healthy Brain Initiative: The Road Map for Indian Country is specifically designed for public health systems serving American Indians and Alaska Natives. (cdc.gov)
  • The Healthy Brain Initiative: The Public Health Road Map for State and National Partnerships, 2013-2018 [PDF-2.5 M] , outlines how state and local public health agencies and their partners can promote cognitive functioning, address cognitive impairment for individuals living in the community, and help meet the needs of care partners. (cdc.gov)
  • The Healthy Brain Initiative Interim Report Dissemination Guide [PDF-1.5M] can assist you with the promotion of the report. (cdc.gov)
  • For more information, visit www.whitehouse.gov/share/brain-initiative . (photonics.com)
  • Ambitious billion-dollar moonshots such as the BRAIN Initiative and Europe's Blue Brain Project all strive to develop new methods that allow neuroscientists to reconstruct in minute detail the mouse, and ultimately the human, brain. (singularityhub.com)
  • OSA supports President Obama's proposed BRAIN Initiative. (photonicsonline.com)
  • Biomedical optics research like this has the potential to change the lives of many, and the U.S. government is poised to advance these technologies through federally-funded programs like the BRAIN initiative. (photonicsonline.com)
  • For more information on the BRAIN Initiative, view the president's remarks and fact sheet on the White House website. (photonicsonline.com)
  • WASHINGTON -- President Obama will ask for $100 million in his fiscal 2014 budget next week to fund a research initiative to map the human brain and better understand how it functions, the White House announced Tuesday. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The project has been likened to the Human Genome Project , the 1990s initiative which Collins helped direct and for which $3 billion was spent to map all the genes in human DNA. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The BRAIN Initiative will be interdisciplinary with work spanning several federal agencies including the NIH, the National Science Foundation (NSF), and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), as well as through public-private partnerships. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The BRAIN Initiative drew praise from an unlikely political player on Tuesday. (medpagetoday.com)
  • In a initiative being compared to the Human Genome Project, neuroscientists are attempting to map all the major circuits in the human brain. (tgdaily.com)
  • The new model was based in part on analyses of nearly 2,000 human brains, from people with and without diagnoses, collected over decades. (nytimes.com)
  • In fact, it holds detailed anatomical data files on more than 2,000 human brains, with data on 3,000 more waiting to be added. (latimes.com)
  • One such map, called a connectogram , depicts cortical regions around a circle, organized by lobes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pervasive effects on cortical surface area imply that this copy number variant affects brain structure early in the course of development. (jneurosci.org)
  • At each stage, a technique called laser microdissection was used to precisely isolate fine layers and nuclei of cortical and subcortical brain regions associated with human psychiatric disease, thereby creating a high resolution time series of the generation and maturation of these brain regions and their underlying cell types. (financialexpress.com)
  • To create the map, the scientists sequenced protein-coding genes in seven oligodendroglioma tissue samples, and focused attention on recurring mutations in two genes not previously associated with these tumors "" CIC and FUBP1. (redorbit.com)
  • One of the problems with removing brain tumors is ensuring no cancerous tissue remains so they do not regrow. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The study, which offers scientists the most complete picture of brain tumors yet, is the work of a team from the University of Oxford in the UK, and was presented on Monday at the National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) Cancer Conference 2015, in Liverpool, UK. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Now, for the first time, Prof. Sibson and her team have discovered a useful protein inside the blood vessels at the invasive edge of brain tumors. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This research shows that we can improve imaging of brain tumors, which could help both surgeons and radiotherapists with more effective treatment. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The study subjects were 30 volunteers and 33 patients with brain tumors in the rolandic area. (springer.com)
  • Plastic containers of cow brains could help further a consensus on cellphone radiation and brain tumors - with an imaging technique that shows what happens to radiation when absorbed by the brain. (zdnet.com)
  • While the treatments overcame resistance in preclinical studies done in models outside of the brain, they didn't reach high enough concentrations to be effective when tumors were in the brain. (news-medical.net)
  • Infrared Technology used for intraoperative Mapping of the Human Brain Tumors The Brain Mapping Foundation has been supporting annual meetings of Society for Brain Mapping and Therapeutics in the last 10 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast, BAM aims to generate the traffic report by getting down to the neuronal level, mapping which neurons fire at which time and how they are synchronised. (newscientist.com)
  • The mapping further revealed that unnecessary neuronal connections get pruned over the years. (scientificamerican.com)
  • However, this simultaneous imaging capability is in its infancy, said Rafael Yuste of Columbia University, a lead researcher whose neuronal imaging activity and advocacy of an interdisciplinary Brain Activity Map Project have helped form the basis of the BRAIN program. (photonics.com)
  • This technique has allowed scientists to begin building a neuronal roadmap of how those billions of neurons traverse the brain and form connections. (stanford.edu)
  • As part of this project, the authors will soon reveal the very first molecular level map of the entire retina and neuronal networks in both a normal mammalian retina and genetic models of retinal degeneration. (innovations-report.com)
  • Here, we use brain-wide calcium imaging in combination with microfluidic stimulation to map out, at cellular resolution, neuronal responses involved in perceiving and processing water flow information in larval zebrafish. (jneurosci.org)
  • As a result of the brain mapping research, the Psychiatric team members were able to cure: Epilepsy, Psychomotor Epilepsy, Hallucinations, and Schizophrenia by lowering the neuronal activity in the Reticular Activating System located in the Brain Stem. (wikipedia.org)
  • It may be that most brain functions will only be described correctly after being measured with much more fine-grained measurements that look not at large regions but instead at a very large number of tiny individual brain circuits. (wikipedia.org)
  • Such maps might also provide information about how brain circuits develop and age. (dailyherald.com)
  • Lichtman works with the Center for Brain Science at Harvard, where his research centers on the question of how mammalian brain circuits are physically altered by experiences, especially in early life. (dailyherald.com)
  • Understanding the brain's structure and functions, he said, will give scientists new insights into the workings of individual brain cells and complex neural circuits . (livescience.com)
  • The tools we are developing, as well as many other scientists around the world mapping these brain circuits, may be fundamental to how we understand and conceptualize diseases and treat them," he added. (cnn.com)
  • Once you understand that it's an abnormality of specific circuits it gives you clues in terms of the pharmacology you want use to use depending on the part of the brain. (cnn.com)
  • Obtaining the detailed anatomical map of these circuits will also be key to understand the brain's organization at its deepest level. (nature.com)
  • The White House says the idea would require the development of new technology that can record the electrical activity of individual cells and complex neural circuits in the brain "at the speed of thought. (nbc11news.com)
  • For a neuroscientist eager to study neural circuits and brain function, dendrites-the input cables-are a promising place to start. (singularityhub.com)
  • The new technique probes the neural pathways that cause these tremors, and also provides a way to map and troubleshoot other circuits in the whole brain. (stanford.edu)
  • It also provides a methodology to identify, map and ultimately repair neural circuits associated with other brain diseases. (stanford.edu)
  • They know that different regions of the brain are constantly forming circuits to carry out tasks, whether motion or speech. (stanford.edu)
  • This is the first time anyone has shown how different neuron types form distinct whole brain circuits with opposite outcomes," Lee said. (stanford.edu)
  • The ability to try to understand how the circuits in the brain conduct very complex properties is one of the greatest challenges that science currently has in front of us. (medpagetoday.com)
  • It will also enable future projects that probe what changes in brain circuits underlie a broad variety of disorders, such as autism and schizophrenia. (tgdaily.com)
  • This lets us look at the heritability of different brain circuits by comparing identical twins to non-identical twins and siblings," he says. (tgdaily.com)
  • The brain was then cut into ultrathin slices. (technologyreview.com)
  • The teams cut the brains into thin slices, then peered at them through high-powered microscopes. (npr.org)
  • The 3-D image is actually several cross-sections of different brains, each made up from slices of mice brains from a similar demographic (age, gender, etc.) and overlaid to let a viewer zoom in on a specific point and follow individual neuropathways. (popsci.com)
  • For decades, the only way to map the connections that neurons make was to meticulously cut cadaver brains into wafer-thin slices, then piece together the path of a neuron as it traverses those slices. (stanford.edu)
  • By the end of the year, Toga at UCLA's Laboratory of Neuro Imaging and Dr. John Mazziotta, director of UCLA's brain-mapping division, expect to have 7,000 brains from seven countries scanned into this electronic organ bank. (latimes.com)
  • An MRI scan reveals the gross anatomical structure of the human brain. (livescience.com)
  • The cool thing about this is that we have been able to integrate decades of neuro-anatomical knowledge into the context of the most modern brain visualization techniques," McIntyre said. (newswise.com)
  • Seung's own work in this area is focused on exploring individual neurons (something the HCP scanner cannot do), painstakingly building up three-dimensional maps of neurons taken from the retina of dead mice. (cnn.com)
  • Recently, neuronavigated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (nTMS) has attracted rising attention as an alternative motor mapping method applicable for clinical routine. (egms.de)
  • Noninvasive technologies such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG) complement these approaches by assessing human brain structure and neural responses to complex behaviors. (nature.com)
  • Nitin Gogtay of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and his colleagues recruited 13 healthy volunteers between the ages of four and 21 to have their brains analyzed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) every two years. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The ultimate goal is to develop flexible computational brain atlases . (wikipedia.org)
  • One is computational: Evans says such a map of the brain might contain several petabytes of data, which computers today can't easily navigate in real time, though he's optimistic that they will be able to in the future. (technologyreview.com)
  • The ultimate goal of the program is the ability to create a biologically accurate computational model of relevant structures and networks in the brain, generalizable to the whole brain. (wired.com)
  • Masterminding the brain in computational terms offers more than a few out-there possibilities - mind-controlled cars, transplanting a consciousness into alternate realities, or, freakiest of all, human reprogramming at the click of a button. (wired.com)
  • If you could reconstruct a complete brain circuit, maybe you could make a computational model of how it generates complex phenomena like decisions and emotions," says Boyden, "you could potentially model the dynamics of the brain. (singularityhub.com)
  • Lee's circuit-mapping approach combines two experimental tools with a computational method. (stanford.edu)
  • Lee's team then designed a computational approach to draw circuit diagrams that underlie these neuron-specific brain circuit functions. (stanford.edu)
  • The complex architecture of the human brain and how its billions of nerve cells communicate has baffled the greatest minds for centuries. (cnn.com)
  • The brain - a command center composed of tens of billions of branching neurons - controls who we are, what we do and how we feel. (mcall.com)
  • Understand the basic building-blocks of the brain: that the brain is made up of billions of highly organized neurons and glial cells and that neurons are interconnected by a massively complex network of axons. (ted.com)
  • For the past two decades, scientists have been exploring the genetics of schizophrenia, autism and other brain disorders, looking for a path toward causation. (nytimes.com)
  • The creation of a map, or "connectome" as it has been dubbed, is raising hopes that brain disorders like autism and schizophrenia will be better understood in the future, perhaps cured. (cnn.com)
  • Distinctive differences in brain structure between men and women with schizophrenia, highlighting the possibility of gender-related patterns of mental illness. (latimes.com)
  • The brain network involved in processing social stimuli is finely tuned in healthy people, but is out of tune in individuals with schizophrenia. (medindia.net)
  • Euclidean distances (ED) between hotspots and centers of gravity (CoG) of the three mapping sessions were calculated. (egms.de)
  • It is an all-hands, brute-force effort, coordinating top brain banks and brain scientists at major research centers, led by Yale, Mount Sinai, U.C.L.A. and the University of California, San Francisco. (nytimes.com)
  • Sudden pain, such as touching a hot plate, triggers centers in the brain that govern fast action - like pulling your hand away. (voanews.com)
  • The best microscopes currently available can detect light from only 3 to 4 millimetres inside the brain, enough to see light signals coming from the cortex of a small animal, but not enough to see them emitted from deeper structures such as the hippocampus of a larger animal. (newscientist.com)
  • They pooled the CT data to produce a collective map of the cortex, which they divided into more than 3,000 three-dimensional units called voxels. (slashdot.org)
  • The clip you just heard was President Barack Obama in 2013, talking about his commitment to helping scientists learn more about the amazing, mysterious part of the human body called the brain. (wustl.edu)
  • The computer brain should be modeled on the mind of a monkey performing complex tasks through multiple neural pathways, and be sophisticated enough to "determine an alternate path to task accomplishment" in case of damage to one or more of its sensory input channels. (wired.com)
  • By understanding sensory substitution, the process by which one sense takes over to interpret stimuli if another sense is damaged, DARPA can speed up the recovery process for brain-damaged soldiers. (wired.com)
  • Because sensory feedback has been identified as a factor in SD, the role of afferent input in vocalization will be investigated by comparing brain activation before and after topical anesthesia of the laryngeal mucosa. (bioportfolio.com)
  • When the system was applied in genetic mouse models, the team could see specifically how sensory, motor, and reward structures in the brain connected to MSNs in the basal ganglia. (redorbit.com)
  • Brain Pickings has a free Sunday digest of the week's most interesting and inspiring articles across art, science, philosophy, creativity, children's books, and other strands of our search for truth, beauty, and meaning. (brainpickings.org)
  • The new mouse map - and a map of a piece of fruitfly optic lobe , also published this week - show that seeing the micro-scale structure of the brain leads to new insights into brain function, in this case how the brain processes visual information. (nature.com)
  • He believes that, with a large enough catalog of brains preserved as virtual models, scientists can explore the organ in new ways, revealing new insights into what makes the brain tick. (nsf.gov)
  • Their findings, published in July in the Annals of Neurology , demonstrate how the brain lesion network mapping technique - pioneered by Fox at BIDMC - might be used to identify therapeutic targets in the brain. (massgeneral.org)
  • Katharina Eichler manually recorded all of the approximate four hundred cells and reconstructed every one of the roughly one hundred thousand synapses in a microscopically photographed larval brain. (eurekalert.org)
  • The team identifies where neurons are firing by injecting the brain with dyes or using genetically engineered proteins that bind to calcium molecules. (newscientist.com)
  • Breakthrough A high-resolution map that shows structures of the human brain as small as 20 micrometers. (technologyreview.com)
  • A set of deep brain structures called the basal ganglia are also critical for movement, as evidenced by their degeneration in conditions such as Parkinson's. (scientificamerican.com)
  • NeuroNames Defines the brain in terms of about 550 primary structures (about 850 unique structures) to which all other structures, names, and synonyms are related. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although Brodmann's discovery was groundbreaking, the hundredyear- old map is merely a schematic drawing, not the three-dimensional record that is needed today as a basis for comparison in modern imaging studies to assign patient data to the microscopic structures of the brain. (fz-juelich.de)
  • There are several reasons for this: Katrin Amunts and her interdisciplinary team consider that brain structures differ from each other, thus taking their interindividual variability into account. (fz-juelich.de)
  • BigBrain also captured the brain in incredible detail, revealing structures once invisible to even the most advanced technologies. (pbs.org)
  • Theirs is one of the largest and most comprehensive analyses so far of the brain structures vital to general intelligence and to specific aspects of intellectual functioning, such as verbal comprehension and working memory. (slashdot.org)
  • A trained anesthesiologist and engineer, his most recent studies have focused on how chronic pain affects the physical structures in the brain. (spine-health.com)
  • He added that he had come to know that narco analysis might cause problems related to the brain, heart, eyes, ears and respiratory system. (hindustantimes.com)
  • In a major blow to investigating agencies, the Supreme Court on Wednesday held unconstitutional and violation of the 'right to privacy' the use of narco analysis, brain-mapping and polygraph tests on accused, suspects and witnesses without their consent. (thehindu.com)