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  • Patients
  • CONCLUSION: The modified apnea test does not require circuit disconnection and can be successfully applied to determine brain death without compromising safety in high-risk patients having severe hypoxia. (umassmed.edu)
  • dead
  • A 19 year-old woman in Denmark was pronounced brain dead and her parents consented to having her organs donated. (pjmedia.com)
  • life
  • It's not, as I explore in my book, The Law of Life & Death (Harvard 2011) [shameless plug, I know, but it's relevant! (pjmedia.com)
  • organ
  • Since the 1960s, laws on determining death have, therefore, been implemented in all countries with active organ transplantation programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • This new definition, the irreversible loss of the capacity for consciousness and for spontaneous breathing, and the essentially unchanged 1976 tests held to establish that state, have been adopted as a basis of death certification for organ transplant purposes in subsequent Codes of Practice. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brain Death is a new, ambitious, and thoroughly researched work that draws heavily upon original research data but also is interspersed throughout with practical information for the practicing neurologist, neurointensivist, neurosurgeon, anesthesiologist, trauma surgeon and organ procurement organizations. (ovid.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: The time preceding brain death is associated with complex dysregulation including autonomic dysfunction that may compromise organ perfusion, thus inducing final organ failure. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Once brain death is recognized as a social construction not grounded in biological reality, we create the possibility of changing the social construction in ways that may better serve both organ donors and recipients alike. (bioethics.net)
  • The cryonics argument that death doesn't occur as long as brain structure remains intact and theoretically repairable has received some mainstream medical discussion in the context of the ethical concept of brain death and organ donation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Organ donation is when a person allows an organ of theirs to be removed, legally, either by consent while the donor is alive or after death with the assent of the next of kin. (wikipedia.org)
  • The oldest known organ donor was a 107-year-old Scottish woman, whose corneas were donated after her death in 2016. (wikipedia.org)
  • The oldest known organ donor for an internal organ was a 92-year-old Texas man, whose family chose to donate his liver after he died of a brain hemorrhage. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, the definition becomes difficult to execute concerning the topic of organ donation, mainly because the subject is incapable of consent due to death or mental impairment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory disease are among the leading causes of death worldwide and each condition could be improved if a new organ is received. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wiesemann's research interests include autonomy and trust in medicine, the ethics of reproductive medicine and family, child rights and the moral status of the child, the ethics of intersex, the history and ethics of organ transplantation and the determination of death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Organ transplantation in Japan is regulated by the 1997 Organ Transplant Law which legalized organ procurement from "brain dead" donors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first transplant after the Organ Transplant Law had defined "brain death" took place in February 1999. (wikipedia.org)
  • This operation attracted concerns that Dr. Wada's evaluation of brain death was inappropriate, and even though an investigation of possible criminal liability was dismissed, a distrust of organ transplanting developed, particularly of transplants from brain dead donors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Japanese people's views regarding life, death, ethics and religion have influenced their negative attitude toward organ transplanting. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to the introduction of brain death into law in the mid to late 1970s, all organ transplants from cadaveric donors came from non-heart beating donors (NHBDs). (wikipedia.org)
  • Dead
  • Brain-dead" redirects here. (wikipedia.org)
  • For other uses, see Brain Dead . (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, both the legal and medical communities in the US use "brain death" as a legal definition of death, allowing a person to be declared legally dead even if life support equipment keeps the body's metabolic processes working. (wikipedia.org)
  • When someone suffers a serious trauma and are put on life support and doctors later declare the person "brain dead" with no hope of recovery, is it morally acceptable for the family to discontinue a ventilator but maintain artificial food and hydration? (ewtn.com)
  • American Life League has published an article on the use of the ventilator when caring for "brain dead" patients. (ewtn.com)
  • A controversial phase I trial will aim to restore life to 20 people who have been declared brain dead. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Though it sounds similar to the makings of fiction, scientists have received approval for the first ever trial that aims to restore neuronal activity in humans who have been declared brain dead. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Maybe cats have nine lives, or maybe brain dead people aren't so dead. (latimes.com)
  • The findings could revive debate over the criteria for declaring a person "brain dead. (latimes.com)
  • Decades ago, the RCA executive declared that brain dead patients are dead. (cjnews.com)
  • People do not want to accept that their loved one is brain dead. (hindustantimes.com)
  • After nearly three months on life support, Susan Torres, a brain-dead woman suffering from metastatic melanoma, gave birth to a baby girl yesterday. (blogspot.com)
  • According to a report published by the University of Connecticut Health Center, there have been 11 similar cases since the 1970s in the United States where brain-dead women who kept alive to save the pregnancy, The Washington Post reported. (blogspot.com)
  • Nevertheless, this fact has not threatened the acceptance of brain death as a legal status that permits individuals to be treated as if they are dead. (bioethics.net)
  • Brain-Dead and Pregnant in Texas Thomas Wm. (bioethics.net)
  • After six days, doctors declared her brain dead despite her family's wishes. (bioethics.net)
  • Even among brain dead patients, in a U.S. study of 252 brain dead patients from 1990-96, only 5 (2.8%) cases involved pregnant women between 15 and 45 years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • there is no widely accepted protocol to manage a brain dead mother "since only a few reported cases are found in the medical literature. (wikipedia.org)
  • a]t present, it seems that there is no clear lower limit to the gestational age which would restrict the physician's efforts to support the brain dead mother and her fetus. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the older a fetus is when its mother becomes brain dead, the greater its chance for survival. (wikipedia.org)
  • Absent from the legislation are specifics as to how the law should be applied depending on how far along a woman is in her pregnancy, as well as the definition of terminally ill versus brain dead. (wikipedia.org)
  • This Texas law does not specifically detail a hospital's obligation in the case when a pregnant woman is brain dead, thus leading to the long-drawn legal battle that ensued in the weeks following Marlise Muñoz's pulmonary embolism. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cost of maintaining a brain dead mother on life support depends on the number of days spent in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). (wikipedia.org)
  • A person is declared brain dead if there is complete loss of all brain function Donation after cardiac death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thorough testing is carried out prior to confirming a person brain dead or cardiac dead. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cryonics procedures can only begin after legal death, and cryonics "patients" are considered legally dead. (wikipedia.org)
  • The heart contains pacemaker cells that will cause the heart to continue beating even when a patient is brain-dead. (wikipedia.org)
  • A small number of cases in recent years indicate that it can also be implemented for a brain-dead pregnant woman to reach the full term of her pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Presently, there is hot debate over the protocol for diagnosing someone as brain dead and there are not currently any enforced standard procedures for assessing a body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to her death, Munoz had indicated that she would not like to be kept artificially alive if brain dead. (wikipedia.org)
  • The phenomenon has been observed to occur several minutes after the removal of medical ventilators used to pump air in and out of brain-dead patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • person
  • The advent of neurologic or brain death criteria to establish the death of a person was a significant departure from the traditional way of defining death and remains ethically challenging to some. (biomedsearch.com)
  • This means a person had to give consent (opt-in) in be a donor prior to their death, or their family can make the decision for them if they are considered a viable donor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cryonics controversially asserts that a human person survives even within an inactive brain that's been badly damaged provided that original encoding of memory and personality can, in theory, be adequately inferred and reconstituted from structure that remains. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cryonics uses temperatures below −130°C, called cryopreservation, in an attempt to preserve enough brain information to permit future revival of the cryopreserved person. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normally, nothing is done until the person has already died, although if death is inevitable, it is possible to check for consent and to do some simple medical tests shortly beforehand, to help find a matching recipient. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you send an electric current through the brain, you cause the person to have a vivid experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • The person - the soul, if you want - gradually disappears as the brain decays from this physical process. (wikipedia.org)
  • We know that when the brain dies, the person goes out of existence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tissues
  • This is to ensure research is thorough, as it is important to have access to brain tissues from people who did not have the diseases being studied for comparison. (wikipedia.org)
  • activity
  • Researchers at the Universite de Montreal put 26 cats under deep anesthesia and recorded their brain activity in the upper cortical regions and hippocampus. (latimes.com)
  • Scientists have been steadily probing the nature of brain activity at the border of death. (latimes.com)
  • Neurologists question whether the cortex was fully shut down and suggest these memory functions reflected activity in the brain, not a supernatural phenomenon. (latimes.com)
  • The Montreal team, however, suggests there is a state beyond the end of cortical activity and that an area of the brain closely associated with memory may be sending signals to its master, the cortex, where higher functions, consciousness among them, are generated. (latimes.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: The increase in BPs, in sympathetically mediated BP-LF-powers, and in the RRI-LF/HF-ratio suggests prominent sympathetic activity shortly before brain death. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Dixon Arnett (R-Redwood City) introduced emergency legislation to recognize death when brain activity ceased. (wikipedia.org)
  • America
  • The establishment "centrist Orthodox" rabbinic organization, the Rabbinical Council of America (RCA), has had a vacillating position on brain death. (cjnews.com)
  • oxygen
  • this is done primarily to spare the brain by slowing its metabolic rate, reducing the need for oxygen, and thus reducing damage from lack of oxygen. (wikipedia.org)
  • heartbeat
  • With the increasing ability of the medical community to resuscitate people with no respiration, heartbeat, or other external signs of life, the need for another definition of death occurred, raising questions of legal death . (wikipedia.org)
  • gradually
  • The same thing happens gradually when the brain accumulates a protein called beta-amyloid in the tragic disease known as Alzheimer's. (wikipedia.org)
  • situations
  • Several laws have bearing in situations that involve maternal somatic support after brain death. (wikipedia.org)
  • These inflammatory responses cause intracranial pressure, pressure which leads to cell injury and in some situations cell death. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • If the particles and forces of the Core Theory are what constitute each living being, without any immaterial soul, then the information that makes up "you" is contained in the arrangement of atoms that makes up your body, including your brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • scientific
  • Because there are no known cures for many brain disorders, a high priority is given to research designed to improve the scientific understanding of healthy brain tissue to try to find new treatments. (wikipedia.org)