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  • thoracic
  • There are five "terminal" branches and numerous other "pre-terminal" or "collateral" branches, such as the subscapular nerve, the thoracodorsal nerve, and the long thoracic nerve, that leave the plexus at various points along its length. (wikipedia.org)
  • This essay details pain experienced in the brachial plexus, most often diagnosed as thoracic outlet syndrome. (cure-back-pain.org)
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome is characterized by structural compression of the nerve or vascular structures in the brachial plexus, most commonly by the scalene muscles. (cure-back-pain.org)
  • Upper
  • Brachial plexus block is a regional anesthesia technique that is sometimes employed as an alternative or as an adjunct to general anesthesia for surgery of the upper extremity. (wikipedia.org)
  • This technique involves the injection of local anesthetic agents in close proximity to the brachial plexus, temporarily blocking the sensation and ability to move the upper extremity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Erb described paralysis of the upper brachial plexus (upper C5-C6 nerve damage) in 1874. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Muscular back pain might be serious and debilitating in the upper back and may exist over the brachial plexus, even when the nerve tissues are not affected to any large degree. (cure-back-pain.org)
  • The plexus, depicted in the images below, is responsible for the motor innervation of all of the muscles of the upper extremity, with the exception of the trapezius and levator scapula. (medscape.com)
  • In clinical scenarios in which access to the upper parts of the brachial plexus is difficult or impossible (eg, local infection, burns, indwelling venous catheters), the ability to anesthetize the plexus at a more distal level may be important. (nysora.com)
  • pediatric
  • At your child's first appointment with the Brachial Plexus Program, a pediatric plastic surgeon and an occupational therapist will provide a comprehensive examination of your child's hand and arm function and sensation, to help diagnose brachial plexus nerve damage. (choc.org)
  • Practical Management of Pediatric and Adult Brachial Plexus Palsies covers in-depth surgical techniques for managing disorders of this crucial nerve complex so that you can most effectively treat injuries in patients of any age. (elsevier.com)
  • occur
  • Many football players experience burners or stingers, which can occur when the nerves in the brachial plexus get stretched beyond their limit during collisions with other players. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Infection of the brachial plexus (BP) is rare and may occur after lung disease, such as fungal infection or tuberculosis, or after surgery or trauma. (appliedradiology.com)
  • Pressure could occur from the crushing of the brachial plexus between the collarbone and first rib, which can happen during a fracture or dislocation. (assh.org)
  • treatments
  • Dr. Lee and Dr. Wolfe recently presented two studies at the XVII International Symposium on Brachial Plexus Surgery, finding that clinicians do not have a standardized way to report outcomes of brachial plexus surgery, making it difficult to compare the benefits of different surgical treatments. (hss.edu)
  • physical examination
  • Although the physical examination has traditionally been a mainstay in evaluating and localizing pathology involving the brachial plexus, physical examination is especially difficult in patients with scarring and fibrosis secondary to surgery or irradiation. (medscape.com)