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  • marrow
  • Firdaus Dhabhar, an associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral science at Stanford, along with colleagues at several institutions, documented how the release of three stress hormones - norephinephrine, epinephrine and corticosterone - at different times each activated and directed the movement of different immune cells from reservoirs in the spleen and bone marrow into the bloodstream and then to various tissues. (seacoastonline.com)
  • The plasma cells can also form a mass in the bone marrow or soft tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Myeloma bone disease is due to the overexpression of receptor activator for nuclear factor κ B ligand (RANKL) by bone marrow stroma. (wikipedia.org)
  • It results from the replacement of normal bone marrow by infiltrating tumor cells and inhibition of normal red blood cell production (hematopoiesis) by cytokines. (wikipedia.org)
  • obese
  • The research found that although the bones of obese people are denser, they are not as strong as they need to be based on their weight. (dur.ac.uk)
  • Their scans of 35 obese men with a mean age of 34 included a stress analysis of a bone in the forearm to determine the force required for it to break. (seacoastonline.com)
  • Ideal body weight, specifically the Devine formula, is used clinically for multiple reasons, most commonly in estimating renal function in drug dosing, and predicting pharmacokinetics in morbidly obese patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) is a common and useful measurement of body fat that helps individuals understand the difference between being overweight and obese. (wikipedia.org)
  • The BMI is an attempt to quantify the amount of tissue mass (muscle, fat, and bone) in an individual, and then categorize that person as underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese based on that value. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • According to results presented to the Radiological Society of North America in Chicago recently, the men with more fat behind muscle tissue in the abdomen and with more total abdominal fat had bones more prone to fail and with greater stiffness than men with less deep belly fat. (seacoastonline.com)
  • So far, two receptors have been identified with homology to G protein-coupled receptors, and one receptor similar to the cadherin family: Adiponectin receptor 1 (AdipoR1) Adiponectin receptor 2 (AdipoR2) T-cadherin - CDH13 These have distinct tissue specificities within the body and have different affinities to the various forms of adiponectin. (wikipedia.org)
  • The plantar fascia is a thick fibrous band of connective tissue that originates from the medial tubercle and anterior aspect of the heel bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • femur
  • A meniscus transplant or meniscal transplant is a transplant of the meniscus of the knee, which separates the thigh bone (femur) from the lower leg bone (tibia). (wikipedia.org)
  • childhood
  • One possibility is that BMI during childhood/adolescence, when growth is rapid, leads to immediate changes in the mechanisms underlying bone growth, and these mechanistic changes persist across the life course. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Alternatively, concurrent body size may be the most important determinant of BMC/BMD, and any association between BMI in childhood and later BMC/BMD could be due to 'tracking' of body size and composition. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Maternal first-trimester diet and childhood bone mass: the Generation R Study. (semanticscholar.org)
  • calcium
  • All subjects underwent BMD assessment by Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA), duodenal histology, HLA DQ typing, body mass index (BMI) evaluation and assessment for daily calcium intake. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Because its nucleus is very nearly the same size as that of calcium, the body easily takes up strontium and incorporates it into bones and tooth enamel in the place of calcium. (wikipedia.org)
  • The breakdown of bone also leads to the release of calcium into the blood, leading to hypercalcemia and its associated symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • spine
  • Myeloma bone pain usually involves the spine and ribs, and worsens with activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scheuermann's disease) Spondylolisthesis Spondylosis Posterior rami syndrome Other degenerative spinal conditions Any condition that causes instability of the spine Bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP) should not be routinely used in any type of anterior cervical spine fusion, such as with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • individual's
  • It may also help prevent stress[citation needed] and depression, increase quality of sleep and act as a non-pharmaceutical sleep aid to treat diseases such as insomnia, help promote or maintain positive self-esteem, improve mental health, maintain steady digestion and treat constipation and gas, regulate fertility health, and augment an individual's sex appeal or body image. (wikipedia.org)
  • vertebrae
  • Additional hardware (screws, plates, or cages) is often used to hold the bones in place while the graft fuses the two vertebrae together. (wikipedia.org)
  • one's
  • The IBW is not the perfect fat measurement as it does not show the fat or muscle percentage in one's body. (wikipedia.org)
  • populations
  • Due to mass migration and increased mobility of people between geographical regions in the recent past, dark-skinned populations today are found all over the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • People of Asian descent have different associations between BMI, percentage of body fat, and health risks than those of European descent, with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease at BMIs lower than the WHO cut-off point for overweight, 25 kg/m2, although the cutoff for observed risk varies among different Asian populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • measurement
  • The BMI may also be determined using a table or chart which displays BMI as a function of mass and height using contour lines or colours for different BMI categories, and which may use other units of measurement (converted to metric units for the calculation). (wikipedia.org)
  • diseases
  • ALP can also be increased in certain bone diseases, but GGT is not. (wikipedia.org)
  • He has been associated with several national and international bodies such as Indian Council of Medical Research, Defence Research and Development Organization, Department of Biotechnology, National Institutes of Health, Institute for International Health and British Heart Foundation for research on thyroid epidemiology, diabetes and metabolic bone diseases and has participated in many clinical trials. (wikipedia.org)
  • Professor Nowson has a longstanding research interest in nutrition and diet related to chronic diseases, ageing and bone health. (wikipedia.org)
  • percentage
  • The percentage of essential body fat for women is greater than that for men, due to the demands of childbearing and other hormonal functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The minimum recommended total body fat percentage exceeds the essential fat percentage value reported above. (wikipedia.org)
  • Epidemiologically, the percentage of body fat in an individual varies according to sex and age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various theoretical approaches exist on the relationships between body fat percentage, health, athletic capacity, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • This graph from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in the United States charts the average body fat percentages of Americans from samples from 1999-2004: In males, mean percentage body fat ranged from 22.9% at age 16-19 years to 30.9% at age 60-79 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • In females, mean percentage body fat ranged from 32.0% at age 8-11 years to 42.4% at age 60-79 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some athletes (e.g. gymnasts, basketball and soccer players) have a high muscle to fat ratio and may have a BMI that is misleadingly high relative to their body fat percentage. (wikipedia.org)
  • involves
  • There are many types of spinal fusion and each technique involves using bone grafting - either from the patient (autograft), donor (allograft), or artificial bone substitutes - to help the bones heal together. (wikipedia.org)
  • height
  • Other issues that may affect the results surrounding this method for children and adolescents includes their age, sex, ethnicity muscle and bone mass, their height as well as their sexual maturation levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • So, if all body dimensions double, and mass scales naturally with the cube of the height, then BMI doubles instead of remaining the same. (wikipedia.org)
  • In comparison, the Ponderal index is based on the natural scaling of mass with the third power of the height. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscle
  • for example, individuals with greater muscle mass or larger bones will have higher BMIs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical exercises are generally grouped into three types, depending on the overall effect they have on the human body: Aerobic exercise is any physical activity that uses large muscle groups and causes the body to use more oxygen than it would while resting. (wikipedia.org)
  • knee
  • Objective To determine the association of knee bone size, cartilage volume, and body mass index (BMI) at baseline with knee cartilage loss over 2 years in younger or middle-aged adults. (jrheum.org)
  • Knee cartilage volume and bone size were determined using T1-weighted fat-saturated magnetic resonance imaging. (jrheum.org)
  • Conclusion Our study suggests that both higher baseline tibial bone area and knee cartilage volume (most likely due to cartilage swelling) are associated with greater knee cartilage loss over 2 years. (jrheum.org)
  • breakdown
  • The resultant bone lesions are lytic (cause breakdown) in nature, and are best seen in plain radiographs, which may show "punched-out" resorptive lesions (including the "raindrop" appearance of the skull on radiography). (wikipedia.org)
  • Plantar fasciitis is a disorder of the insertion site of the ligament on the bone characterized by micro tears, breakdown of collagen, and scarring. (wikipedia.org)
  • loss
  • Here are a few examples of unconventional wisdom in some recent work dealing with bone loss, tonsils and stress hormones. (seacoastonline.com)
  • But a new study led by a Boston radiologist suggests that men with certain types of body fat - deep belly fat - are also at risk for bone loss and decreased bone strength. (seacoastonline.com)
  • In the heat of the savannas, better cooling mechanisms were required, which were achieved through the loss of body hair and development of more efficient perspiration. (wikipedia.org)
  • The loss of body hair led to the development of dark skin, which acted as a mechanism of natural selection against folate depletion, and to a lesser extent, DNA damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • The solution was sweating and loss of body hair. (wikipedia.org)
  • risks
  • Professor Nowson's recent studies also investigate the relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and risks of mortality of adults over the age of 65. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • and 2) to search for a possible correlation between BMD and other clinical characteristics, in particular the body mass index (BMI), of NCWS patients. (beds.ac.uk)
  • risk
  • It is also not usually recommended for improving cognition, the risk of heart disease, bone strength, or for generalized well being. (wikipedia.org)
  • The risk of carpal tunnel syndrome rises 7.4% for each 1 kg/m2 increase of body mass index. (wikipedia.org)
  • dementia
  • Eskelinen MH,Ngandu T,Tuomilehto J,Soininen H,Kivipelto M. Midlife healthy-diet index and late-life dementia and Alzheimer's disease. (health.gov)
  • study
  • Children with a bone age of 1 to 2 years may enroll in the protocol for optimization of conventional therapy, but will not be randomized to a study arm until the bone age reaches 2. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The study, done in rats, was able to outline in detail how a massive redeployment of immune cells throughout the body was set in motion by the release of three hormones from the adrenal glands in response to a stress-induced event. (seacoastonline.com)
  • Results
  • This results in taller people having a reported BMI that is uncharacteristically high, compared to their actual body fat levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • normal
  • normal people, who don't have so great a muscular mass, should stay into the fitness range in the table to be healthier. (wikipedia.org)
  • structures
  • Minerals are used by animals and microorganisms for the process of mineralizing structures, called "biomineralization", used to construct bones, seashells, eggshells, exoskeletons and mollusc shells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Accordingly, although personal expressions of religious faith were not explicitly banned, a strong sense of social stigma was imposed on them by the official structures and mass media and it was generally considered unacceptable for members of certain professions (teachers, state bureaucrats, soldiers) to be openly religious. (wikipedia.org)
  • pain
  • Sudden deterioration in neurological status or sudden increase in spinal pain is possible, e.g., with pathological fracture of a tumorous vertebral body. (vin.com)
  • Joint pain and bone pain The causes can be distinguished between primary cases (hereditary or genetically determined) and less frequent secondary cases (acquired during life). (wikipedia.org)
  • In those in whom the disease has spread to the bones, pain medications, bisphosphonates and targeted therapy, among others, may be useful. (wikipedia.org)
  • liver
  • It opens and cleanses the liver, helps the jaundice, and is very beneficial to the bowels, healing all inward wounds, bruises, hurts and other distempers…The liver is the former of the blood, and blood the nourisher of the body, and Agrimony a strengthener of the liver. (yorkshireherbalist.co.uk)
  • Liver biopsy HFE MRI Serum ferritin testing is a low-cost, readily available, and minimally invasive method for assessing body iron stores. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • The facts that serum ferritin levels can correlate with both disease and with body iron stores are thus expected on simple chemical kinetic grounds. (rsc.org)
  • usually
  • Humidity measurement instruments usually rely on measurements of some other quantity such as temperature, pressure, mass or a mechanical or electrical change in a substance as moisture is absorbed. (wikipedia.org)
  • make
  • The toned back does not only make tank tops and noodle-straps look great on you, but it is a way to maintain attractive body posture. (superbhub.com)
  • scientific
  • Other belief, bone, necessity, corticosterone, and generique prednisolone hospital infection in dapoxetine uk prescription scientific isoniazid: weakness to affected mice. (eyfel.de)