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  • skeleton
  • A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebrate skeleton . (wikipedia.org)
  • As a person grows from fetal life through childhood, puberty , and finishes growth as a young adult, the bones of the skeleton change in size and shape. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hands of infants do not change much in the first year of life and if precise bone age assessment is desired, an x-ray of approximately half of the skeleton (a "hemiskeleton" view) may be obtained to assess some of the areas such as shoulders and pelvis which change more in infancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • NIAMS
  • Get the latest scientific news and resources on diseases of the bones, joints, muscles, and skin from the NIAMS. (nih.gov)
  • distal
  • The distal phalanges are the bones at the tips of the fingers or toes. (wikipedia.org)
  • each presents a broad base for articulation with the corresponding bone of the second row, and an expanded distal extremity for the support of the nail and end of the toe. (wikipedia.org)
  • ossicle
  • In the ear -the lenticular process of the incus is a sesamoid bone and therefore is considered the fourth ossicle of the middle ear. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another specific wormian bone, the pterion ossicle, sometimes exists between the sphenoidal angle of the parietal bone and the great wing of the sphenoid bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • osteoclasts
  • High levels of calcium, magnesium, phosphate and products of collagen will be released into the extracellular fluid as the osteoclasts tunnel into the mineralized bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bone is resorbed by osteoclasts, and is deposited by osteoblasts in a process called ossification. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bone is actively constructed and remodeled throughout life by special bone cells known as osteoblasts and osteoclasts. (wikipedia.org)
  • diseases
  • Wormian bones are a marker for some diseases and important in the primary diagnosis of brittle bone disease: osteogenesis imperfecta. (wikipedia.org)
  • irregular
  • These are irregular isolated bones that appear in addition to the usual centers of ossification of the cranium and, although unusual, are not rare. (wikipedia.org)
  • joints
  • They are connected to the body of the bone by fibrous tissue, and occasionally to the greater horns by distinct diarthrodial joints , which usually persist throughout life, but occasionally become ankylosed . (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • As these cartilaginous zones become obliterated, the epiphyses are said to be " closed " and no further lengthening of the bones will occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wormian bones, also known as intra sutural bones, are extra bone pieces that occur within a suture (joint) in the cranium. (wikipedia.org)
  • dense
  • That's because bone broths are nutrient-dense, easy to digest, rich in flavor and they boost healing. (draxe.com)
  • menstrual
  • Early menopause (before age 45) and any long phases in which the woman has low hormone levels and no or infrequent menstrual periods can cause loss of bone mass. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Just as there is wide variation among the normal population in age of losing teeth or experiencing the first menstrual period , the bone age of a healthy child may be a year or two advanced or delayed. (wikipedia.org)
  • dorsal
  • the articular surface extends farther on the palmar than on the dorsal surface, a condition best marked in the bones of the first row. (wikipedia.org)
  • adult
  • Bipartite medial sesamoid bone under the first metatarsophalangeal joint of the great toe of the left foot of an adult woman. (wikipedia.org)
  • A child's current height and bone age can be used to predict adult height. (wikipedia.org)
  • The long bones of the leg comprise nearly half of adult height. (wikipedia.org)
  • As growth nears conclusion and attainment of adult height, bones begin to approach the size and shape of adult bones. (wikipedia.org)
  • By simple arithmetic, a predicted adult height can be computed from a child's height and bone age. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, in children born small for gestational age who remain short after birth, the bone age is a poor predictor of adult height. (wikipedia.org)
  • structure
  • Bones support and protect the various organs of the body, produce red and white blood cells , store minerals , provide structure and support for the body, and enable mobility . (wikipedia.org)
  • Bones come in a variety of shapes and sizes and have a complex internal and external structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bones are incredibly efficient - more efficient than any man-made structure,' says Chris Williams, an architecture professor at the University of Bath, England. (wired.com)
  • toes
  • The long bones include the femurs , tibias , and fibulas of the lower limb, the humeri , radii , and ulnas of the upper limb (arm + forearm), and the phalanges of the fingers and toes . (wikipedia.org)
  • The phalanges are the bones that make up the fingers of the hand and the toes of the foot. (wikipedia.org)
  • articulates
  • In reptiles and amphibians, the bone is instead referred to as the ulnare , since (at least in the most primitive fossils) it articulates with the ulna . (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • The human body is in a constant state of bone remodeling. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nutrition researchers Sally Fallon and Kaayla Daniel of the Weston A. Price Foundation explain that bone broths contain minerals in forms that your body can easily absorb: calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, silicon, sulphur and others. (draxe.com)
  • The largest bone in the body is the femur or thigh-bone, and the smallest is the stapes in the middle ear . (wikipedia.org)
  • The kneecap is the largest sesamoid bone in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • minerals
  • Bone broth stock is a great place to find all of the valuable amino acids, collagen, gelatin and trace minerals. (draxe.com)
  • Bone is not uniformly solid, but consists of a flexible matrix (about 30%) and bound minerals (about 70%) which are intricately woven and endlessly remodeled by a group of specialized bone cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • thumb
  • The sesamoid is a small nodular bone most often present embedded in tendons in the region of the thumb. (wikipedia.org)
  • calcium
  • Milk Matters is a public health education campaign launched by the National Institutes of Health to promote calcium consumption among tweens and teens, especially during the ages of 11 to 15, a time of critical bone growth. (kidshealth.org)
  • collagen
  • Bone matrix is 90 to 95% composed of elastic collagen fibers, also known as ossein, and the remainder is ground substance . (wikipedia.org)
  • relatively
  • Their unique composition and design allows bones to be relatively hard and strong, while remaining lightweight. (wikipedia.org)
  • A large wormian bone at lambda is often called an Inca bone (Os Incae), due to the relatively high frequency of occurrence in Peruvian mummies. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • It is crucial for the health of your bones, skin and neurological system , therefore, its deficiency may lead to a number of problems and risks such as rickets, osteoporosis, multiple sclerosis etc. (lybrate.com)