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  • tests
  • A Coombs test (also known as antiglobulin test or AGT) is either of two clinical blood tests used in immunohematology and immunology. (wikipedia.org)
  • The venous blood is taken to a laboratory (or blood bank), where trained scientific technical staff do the Coombs tests. (wikipedia.org)
  • hemorrhage
  • Extensive bruising from birth trauma, large cephalohematoma or other hemorrhage (e.g. intracranial), Polycythemia, Swallowed blood during delivery. (brainscape.com)
  • Fetal-maternal hemorrhage, which is the movement of fetal blood cells across the placenta, can occur during abortion, ectopic pregnancy, childbirth, ruptures in the placenta during pregnancy (often caused by trauma), or medical procedures carried out during pregnancy that breach the uterine wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • recipients
  • Design and Methods We investigated the effect of pretransplant anti-donor isoagglutinin reduction by in vivo absorption and/or plasmapheresis on the incidence of pure red cell aplasia and the time to red blood cell engraftment in 153 hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients with major ABO incompatibility. (haematologica.org)
  • If laboratory services are not available, the bedside card method of blood grouping may be used, where a drop of the intended recipients blood is added to dried reagents on a prepared card. (wikipedia.org)
  • incompatible
  • Background Persistent anti-donor isoagglutinins after major ABO blood group incompatible hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may cause delayed red blood cell engraftment and post-transplant pure red cell aplasia. (haematologica.org)
  • Conclusions Following major ABO incompatible hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, pure red cell aplasia and delayed red blood cell engraftment depend on the levels of anti-donor isoagglutinins and are efficiently prevented by the pretransplant removal of these isoagglutinins. (haematologica.org)
  • Laboratory
  • Laboratory assessment is based on a positive Direct Antiglobulin Test (DAT), a decrease in serum haptoglobin, and an increase in blood levels of the enzyme lactate dehydrogenase and indirect bilirubin levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • The venous blood is taken to a laboratory (or blood bank), where trained scientific technical staff do the Coombs tests. (wikipedia.org)
  • In an emergency, blood grouping can be done easily and quickly in 2 or 3 minutes in the laboratory on glass slides with appropriate reagents, by trained technical staff. (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • His book, The Transformist Illusion published posthumously in 1957 attempted to show the failure of evolution using examples such as the infinitesimal probability of proteins arising out of random mixing, the fossil record, bird anatomy, blood group incompatibilities, and queried evolutionary claims in embryology and vestigial organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • RBCs
  • that is, RBCs with known reference values from other patient blood samples. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coombs tests are performed using RBCs or serum (direct or indirect, respectively) from venous whole blood samples which are taken from patients by venipuncture. (wikipedia.org)
  • liver
  • A newborn baby's still-developing liver might not be able to remove enough bilirubin from the blood. (kidshealth.org)
  • Blood and urine tests for blood typing and general health indicators: ABO/Rh typing, CBC, liver panel and urinalysis Complete physical examination including careful examination of the penis, scrotum and testicles. (wikipedia.org)
  • hemoglobin
  • Genetic testing for carrier traits, for example: Cystic Fibrosis Sickle-cell disease Thalassemia Other hemoglobin-related blood disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hgb - the infant's hemoglobin should be tested from cord blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cell
  • in addition, peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, acute graft-versus-host disease, and younger age were associated with faster red blood cell engraftment in Cox regression analysis. (haematologica.org)
  • Infants with red blood cell membrane defects (eg. (brainscape.com)
  • Red blood cell alloimmunization: new findings at the bench and new recommendations for the bedside. (yale.edu)
  • The release of red blood cell debris and the activation of complement system causes uncontrolled clotting (disseminated intravascular coagulation) and circulatory shock. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term Lewis in its name comes from the name of a family of people who suffered from a red blood cell incompatibility. (wikipedia.org)
  • enzyme
  • Fibrin does not normally exist in blood and is created from protein plasma by the action of the thrombin enzyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • hemolytic
  • Some keystones were to recognize its importance for blood transfusion (including reliable diagnostic tests), hemolytic disease of the newborn (including exchange transfusion), and very importantly the prevention of it by screening and prophylaxis. (wikipedia.org)
  • substances
  • Similarly, thrombin is not naturally present in blood and is created by the precursor substance prothombrin, in a process that involves platelets, some exiting from calcium and substances produced by lesioned materials. (wikipedia.org)
  • urine
  • Blood tests and urine tests for infectious diseases, such as: HIV-1/2 see sections below HTLV-1/2 Hepatitis B Hepatitis C Syphilis Gonorrhea Chlamydia Cytomegalovirus (CMV) see sections below, although not all clinics test for this. (wikipedia.org)