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  • head circumference
  • Fetal height, Fetal Weight and head circumference(HC),Crown to Rump length(CR), dermatological observations like skin thickness etc. are measured individually to assess the growth and development of the organs and the fetus as a whole and can be a parameter for normal or abnormal development also including adaptation of the fetus to its newer environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • utero
  • Because twins face the same in-utero conditions and early life environment, studying how heavier and lighter twins fared in school offered researchers a natural set of socioeconomic and demographic controls so they could pinpoint the effect of birth weight on education. (psychcentral.com)
  • Additionally, poor health in utero, at birth, and in childhood can contribute to poor health throughout life. (wikipedia.org)
  • cognitive
  • Our results are remarkably consistent: Children with higher birth weight enter school with a cognitive advantage that appears to remain stable through the elementary and middle school years," the researchers reported in the study, which was published in the journal The American Economic Review . (psychcentral.com)
  • New insights into why children with very low birth weights can have cognitive problems. (eurekalert.org)
  • That last fact has researchers like Alexander Olsen, an associate professor at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), working to better understand the consequences of very low birth weights on cognitive development. (eurekalert.org)
  • Olsen and his colleagues wanted to see how the brains of very low birth weight individuals differed from their normal birth weight cohorts when it came to cognitive control, and the ability to think proactively or reactively about different tasks. (eurekalert.org)
  • That's because cognitive control dysfunction is one of the biggest problems facing very low birth weight individuals, Olsen said. (eurekalert.org)
  • tobacco
  • There have been numerous studies that have attempted, with varying degrees of success, to show links between birth weight and later-life conditions, including diabetes, obesity, tobacco smoking and intelligence. (wikipedia.org)
  • cohort
  • This was a cohort study looking at the possibility of a link between low birth weight and psychiatric problems in children as they grow up, and whether this was affected by socioeconomic status. (www.nhs.uk)
  • study
  • The study data was compiled through a collaboration between the Florida Department of Health and the Florida Department of Education, which worked together to compile birth weight and educational data on 1.6 million children born in Florida between 1992 and 2002 without compromising the privacy of the children. (psychcentral.com)
  • Children born in the 1990s weighing less than 2.2 lbs. are at significantly increased risk of experiencing chronic health conditions and functional and educational limitations compared to normal-birth-weight children, according to a study in the July 20 issue of JAMA. (emaxhealth.com)
  • The study team focused on specific fracking sites, comparing birth weights in nearby families before and after the operations started. (hon.ch)
  • This study essentially shows a dose response between proximity to fracking sites and low birth weight. (hon.ch)
  • When Olsen was a research fellow at NTNU's Medical Imaging Laboratory, he worked closely with the head of the Trondheim fMRI Group, Asta HÃ¥berg, to expand his research to include a collaboration with the Centre for Early Brain Development, which is conducting a long-term study of individuals with low birth weight. (eurekalert.org)
  • To study this question, the researchers relied on a group of very low birth weight individuals who were born between 1986 and 1988 in Trondheim, Norway. (eurekalert.org)
  • Thirty-two individuals between 22 and 24 years of age from this group participated in Olsen's study and were matched with same-aged controls that had normal birth weights. (eurekalert.org)
  • A Nigerian study showed that the birth weight of the human fetus also depends upon the size and weight of the mother including her height and weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • Children who had "a birth weight of less than 2.5kg (5lbs 8oz) were more susceptible to anxiety, depression and being withdrawn at school, and likely to have a history of aggressive outbursts", the newspaper says. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Children who were born in inner cities and had a low birth weight also had "worse attention spans" it adds. (www.nhs.uk)
  • They randomly selected children from this list who had either a low birth weight (2.5kg or less) or normal birth weight. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Children in the low birth weight group were about 53% more likely to have externalising problems and 28% more likely to have internalising problems than those in the normal birth weight group in both areas. (www.nhs.uk)
  • The odds of having attention problems was about 2.8 times higher among low birth weight children than normal birth weight children in the urban community, but this difference was not seen in the suburban community. (www.nhs.uk)
  • But when researchers compare children with similar family backgrounds, birth weight plays a key role in predicting future school success. (psychcentral.com)
  • The researchers found the same patterns of birth weight's effect on school performance among both sets of children. (psychcentral.com)
  • Using a unique set of data that matched birth and school records from 1.6 million children born in Florida between 1992 and 2002, the researchers found that the higher the weight at birth, the better children performed on reading and math tests in school. (eurekalert.org)
  • Affected children are typically diagnosed by a doctor or nurse at birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • lower
  • According to researchers from Johns Hopkins Children's Center, an infant with low birth weight carries particles in the blood that can lower the amount of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol that it produces. (pharmacytimes.com)
  • risk of low birth
  • One environmental exposure which has been found to increase the risk of low birth weight is particulate matter, a component of ambient air pollution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Particulate matter exposure can cause inflammation, oxidative stress, endocrine disruption, and impaired oxygen transport access to the placenta, all of which are mechanisms for heightening the risk of low birth weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • odds
  • For example, Celiac disease confers an odds ratio of low birth weight of approximately 1.8. (wikipedia.org)
  • In multiple logistic regression analysis, controlling for age, gender, and Tanner stage, the odds ratio for adolescent overweight for each 1-kg increment in birth weight was 1.4 (95% confidence interval: 1.2-1.6). (aappublications.org)
  • pregnant women
  • Pregnant women who are exposed to neighborhood violence during their first trimester have a greater risk of having a low birth weight baby due to an earlier delivery, according to researchers at Queen Mary University of London and the University of Leicester. (psychcentral.com)
  • Doctors
  • Second, skilled birth attendance with emergency backup such as doctors, nurses and midwives who have the skills to manage normal deliveries and recognize the onset of complications. (wikipedia.org)