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  • soil
  • Nonetheless, for more than a decade evidence exists from plot to ecosystem scales ( Supplementary Table S1 ) that non-biological processes might be important to the local C-cycle in arid and semiarid ecosystems [ 7 , 8 , 9 ], where the inorganic soil C pool can be up to 10 times greater than the organic C pool [ 10 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • mathematical
  • A mathematical model of cochlear processing is developed to account for the nonlinear dependence of frequency selectivity on intensity in inner hair cell and auditory nerve fiber responses. (umd.edu)
  • With the aim of developing a minimal biophysical explanation for these results, we propose a general scheme, that, given a few assumptions (mainly, a timescale separation in kinetics) closely describes the response of deterministic conductance-based neuron models under pulse stimulation, using a discrete time piecewise linear mapping, which is amenable to detailed mathematical analysis. (frontiersin.org)
  • Most of the six biophysical modules incorporate mathematical models from the literature, but the decision system stems from our own original work. (repec.org)
  • neural
  • Although extensive studies have helped neurobiologists to understand the basic molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying information processing as well as principles of neural circuits of learning in the Drosophila olfactory system, there are still many questions that are awaiting an answer by neuroscience research. (uni-goettingen.de)
  • Mallick, B. N, Thankachan S, Kaur S, Jha S.K. (2001) Application of biophysical correlates to study neural regulation of some physiological phenomena. (harvard.edu)
  • dynamics
  • My main objective, in linking these well-understood but infrequently synthesized types of process, is to emphasize that discrete instances of prehistoric human colonization of islands should nonetheless in theory drive structurally similar environmental dynamics. (springer.com)
  • I think the key here is the reference to evolutionary process , dynamics which span time and space beyond intuitive conceptualization. (scienceblogs.com)
  • cellular
  • Future research will concentrate on processes that regulate transcription and thereby govern gene activity during cellular differentiation and the development of tissues and organisms. (mpg.de)
  • functional
  • Understanding these network-level processes is immediately relevant for (1) interpretation of functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) signals, and (2) investigation of neurological diseases in which a deterioration of neurovascular and neuro-metabolic physiology contributes to motor and cognitive decline. (frontiersin.org)
  • systems
  • I argue that we should expect such homogenization to promote regular types of change in biophysical systems, types of change that can be described in sum as environmentally convergent. (springer.com)
  • I argue that the anthropogenic introduction of invasive species and the eradication of endemics on islands during the Holocene reduced sum biodiversity in predictable ways that, in theory, should have exercised pronounced homogenizing effects on the function of biophysical systems. (springer.com)
  • ecosystems
  • Planetary Ecology focuses on understanding the Earth's marine and terrestrial ecosystems and their evolution, and the interaction of the biosphere with earth system processes. (nsf.gov)
  • studies
  • These "bottom-up" models are essential for the understanding of the processes governing brain oxygenation in normal and disease states and for eventual translation of the lessons learned from animal studies to humans. (frontiersin.org)
  • Ultra-short laser pulses enable studies of light-induced chemical processes with extremely high time resolution. (mpg.de)
  • social
  • Critical Physical Geography has two fundamental ambitions: to link deeply biophysical processes and social relationships and to increase reflexivity in scientific practice. (springer.com)
  • Where a long-term, co-evolutionary approach has been tried using a combination of social and biophysical records (e.g. (springer.com)
  • Methods
  • To this avail, we have combined a large array of biophysical methods available at the PFBMI (analytical ultracentrifugation, circular dichroism, dynamic and static light scattering, viscometry, fluorescence spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, isothermal titration calorimetry, surface plasmon resonance, dual polarization interferometry and microscale thermophoresis) or for which the access is organized by us (SAXS). (pasteur.fr)
  • models
  • Widespread reporting of unidirectional fluxes may lead to misrepresentation of F s in process-based models and lead to errors in estimates of local to global carbon balances. (mdpi.com)
  • Verbal " lock & key " models are often sufficient to communicate the biophysical processes at work when an enzyme and substrate interact. (scienceblogs.com)
  • extent
  • Despite considerable contextual variability in local specificities of this alteration, I argue that these processes are to some extent regular, predictable, and have socio-political implications. (springer.com)
  • global
  • In the first section of this paper, I review the evidence for these processes at a global scale, showing that food-producing human populations in particular radically reorganize insular biotas. (springer.com)
  • critical
  • Neuromodulation, defined as a biophysical process of modulating the computation performed by a neuron or neuronal network, is critical in adjusting sensory inputs and producing behavioral outputs. (frontiersin.org)
  • description
  • 2009 ). Thus, an accurate description of the architecture of trees can play a key role in understanding tree-level and plot-level processes (Kempes et al. (springer.com)
  • role
  • This finding points to a pivotal role of feedback inhibition in Drosophila information processing without which the system efficiency will be substantially reduced. (uni-goettingen.de)