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  • renewable
  • Specifically, lignin-enzyme interactions and the effects of lignin compositional units, hydroxycinnamates, and lignin functional groups on biomass recalcitrance have been highlighted, which will be useful not only in addressing biomass recalcitrance but also in deploying renewable lignocelluloses efficiently. (frontiersin.org)
  • lignin
  • Lignin removal and/or alteration of lignin structure have been shown to result in reduced biomass recalcitrance with improved cell wall digestibility. (frontiersin.org)
  • While high lignin content is usually a barrier to a cost-efficient application of bioresources to biofuels, the direct correlation of lignin structure and its concomitant properties with biomass remains unclear due to the complexity of cell wall and lignin structure. (frontiersin.org)
  • Advancement in application of biorefinery to production of biofuels, chemicals, and bio-derived materials necessitates a fundamental understanding of the relationship of lignin structure and biomass recalcitrance. (frontiersin.org)
  • convert
  • A range of chemical processes may be used to convert biomass into other forms, such as to produce a fuel that is more practical to store, transport and use, or to exploit some property of the process itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • After chemical and/or mechanical deconstruction, an enzymatic hydrolysis is performed to convert biomass polysaccharides into their monomeric sub-units for biological fermentation and/or catalytic upgrading. (nrel.gov)
  • These mills convert biomass residuals to energy while manufacturing carbon-sequestering biobased products that are useful to society. (awc.org)
  • As the microoganisms anaerobically digest the biomass and convert it into a mixture of carboxylic acids, the pH must be controlled. (wikipedia.org)
  • sustainably
  • The greenhouse gas (GHG) benefits of biomass harvested from sustainably managed forests has been recognized repeatedly by an abundance of studies, agencies, institutions, legislation and rules around the world, including guidance from the United Nations (UN) Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the reporting protocols of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. (awc.org)
  • Aqueous
  • [ citation needed ] Some have been developed for use on high moisture content biomass, including aqueous slurries, and allow them to be converted into more convenient forms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Search
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America: In search of ant ancestors http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/97/26/14028 'According to H lldobler and Wilson (1990), up to 1/3 (33%) of the terrestrial animal biomass (NOTE: not including aquatic animal, or terrestrial and aquatic flowering plants and microorganisms) was made up of ants and termites. (google.com)
  • pellet
  • Other notable speakers include European utilities, US pellet and biomass producers, port and stevedoring representatives, shippers, rail, barge and trucking companies, supply chain players and various other key stakeholders. (prweb.com)
  • biochemical
  • As biomass is a natural material, many highly efficient biochemical processes have developed in nature to break down the molecules of which biomass is composed, and many of these biochemical conversion processes can be harnessed. (wikipedia.org)
  • emissions
  • Unfortunately, under the current proposal WCI will only count-and price-the emissions from fossil fuels and not the emissions from biomass, even though the carbon each releases has exactly the same effect on the atmosphere . (sightline.org)
  • logistics
  • In the pre-Summit workshop , Jonathan Rager, Principal at Pöyry Management Consulting Inc., will discuss topics such as the viability of North America to supply a reliable, long-term flow of biomass, and what infrastructures are required for efficient biomass logistics in a supply chain. (prweb.com)
  • greenhouse
  • Due to foreign initiatives to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emission, the demand for US export of biomass to Europe and Asia has continued to rise exponentially. (prweb.com)
  • I recently read an article claiming that 'biomass' energy will produce more greenhouse gasses than coal over the next 40 years. (granitegrok.com)
  • Heating
  • a biomass boiler can produce enough energy to provide central heating and hot water for your business, in place of a gas or other boiler, and with the RHI in place the more you burn the more you earn, so no need to cut back on your heating and hot water anymore. (funnyordie.com)
  • wood
  • Despite the lucrative opportunities in the biomass industry, there are challenges and obstacles to overcome, such as maintaining wood supply availability, port infrastructure improvements and maximizing logistical efficiency. (prweb.com)
  • There has been a spade of new proposals for new wood burning biomass energy plants sprouting across the country like mushrooms after a rain. (newwest.net)
  • To estimate the available wood in a stand I am lookin for a biomass table or a formula like y=b0 + b1*dbh^2 where y is the biomass of the tree and dbh is the diameter at breast height. (bio.net)
  • Wood products manufacturers use biomass from manufacturing and sustainable forestry operations to produce energy, providing significant carbon-reducing benefits to the environment. (awc.org)
  • As forests grow, carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is removed from the atmosphere via photosynthesis and converted into organic carbon that is absorbed by trees that store it as wood (biomass). (awc.org)
  • The creation and use of biomass energy in wood products mills is integral to the manufacture of everyday products such as lumber, wood panels and engineered wood products. (awc.org)
  • fossil fuels
  • However, the technical infrastructure required for biomass power costs slightly more than comparable technologies using fossil fuels. (hydroquebec.com)
  • Ultimately, perhaps, we'll develop measurement protocols that will allow us to address the "upstream" carbon of our energy choices-fossil fuels and biomass alike. (sightline.org)
  • microorganisms
  • I would doubt that they are 15% of all living things because plants and microorganisms make up a large part of the earth's biomass and the biomass of marine organisms (none of which are ants) is usually not included in such calculations. (google.com)
  • coal
  • Cofiring with biomass has increased in coal power plants, because it makes it possible to release less CO2 without the cost assosicated with building new infrastructure. (wikipedia.org)
  • heat
  • A biomass combined-heat-and-power (CHP) project in southwest England is beginning the final phase of commissioning and is on track to begin commercial operations in August. (biomassmagazine.com)
  • BIOMASS CONVERSION METHODS FOR PRODUCING HEAT OR FUELS: Controlled decomposition of low value biomass to derive its energy content in a useful form is the purpose of the bio-energy programs. (slideshare.net)
  • Unlike
  • Unlike many optical probes, the biomass monitor can be used in highly aerated fermenters with a range of complex media. (ferret.com.au)
  • Climate
  • According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, biomass accounted for 10.2% of the world's total output of primary energy (energy that has not undergone any conversion or transformation) in 2008. (hydroquebec.com)
  • plants
  • SOURCES: The material of plants and animals is called biomass. (slideshare.net)
  • In this context, in order to achieve substantial potential of power generation from biomass in the country, MNRE is proposing a separate biomass road map for the 12 th Five Year Plan (2012--17), for which the current study is proposed for studying the performance of existing power plants that utilized the current policies and suitable interventions were sought. (slideshare.net)
  • future
  • Infocast is scheduled to present its first Biomass Trade & Transport Summit in Charlotte, North Carolina, on July 16-18, 2012, providing an unprecedented opportunity for companies to meet and network with important industry professionals who will play major roles in creating the international biomass trade and transport infrastructures of the future. (prweb.com)
  • With our professional accredited installation teams we are leading the way in the future of biomass. (funnyordie.com)
  • soil
  • In a presentation at the European Planetary Science Congress in Potsdam on Friday 24th August, Dr Houtkooper will describe how he has used data from the Gas Exchange (GEx) experiment, carried by NASA's Viking landers, to estimate the biomass in the Martian soil. (redorbit.com)