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  • genome
  • This Special Issue of Philosophical Transactions examines the interplay between energy transduction and genome function in the major transitions of evolution, with implications ranging from planetary habitability to human health. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • sequence
  • We compare per-site sequence evolution for two different host species (human and avian) and three HA subtypes (H1, H3 and H5), and ask the following questions: (i) To what extent is rate variation determined by the location of a site in the structure, as measured by the sites' relative solvent accessibility (RSA)? (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • biology
  • Evolution has produced some remarkably complex organisms - although the actual level of complexity is very hard to define or measure accurately in biology, with properties such as gene content, the number of cell types or morphology all proposed as possible metrics. (wikipedia.org)
  • If nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution, nothing in evolution makes sense except in the light of energetics. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • It strikes me that it's easier to see evolution outside of biology and once you get that, the rest follows quite naturally. (atheistnexus.org)
  • Toward
  • If evolution possessed an active trend toward complexity (orthogenesis), as was widely believed in the 19th century, then we would expect to see an increase over time in the most common value (the mode) of complexity among organisms, as shown to the left. (wikipedia.org)
  • natural selection
  • This idea of "progression" and "higher organisms" in evolution is now regarded as misleading, with natural selection having no intrinsic direction and organisms selected for either increased or decreased complexity in response to local environmental conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • As Darwin wasn't the discoverer of "Evolution" (the idea is thousands of years old), but the man who created the scientific theory of "Natural Selection" to explain speciation , the label is at best, misleading when applied to any other evolution concept than the one related to speciation . (atheistnexus.org)
  • idea
  • However, the idea of increasing production of complexity in evolution can also be explained through a passive process. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • Complexity often arises in the co-evolution of hosts and pathogens, with each side developing ever more sophisticated adaptations, such as the immune system and the many techniques pathogens have developed to evade it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Approaches
  • As a contribution to the history of scientific investigations, we trace here a sequence of steps of conceptual and experimental approaches to understand microbial evolution at the molecular level. (mdpi.com)
  • Species
  • Evolution is far trickier to pin down, again because the interactions between genes, individuals, populations, and species can't really be summarized in one sentence. (madsci.org)
  • Biological Evolution: Facts and Theories was a five-day conference held in March 2009 by the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, marking the 150th anniversary of the publication of the Origin of Species. (wikipedia.org)
  • psychological
  • Theoretical and empirical results show that individuals actively transform and recombine information according to psychological biases and that these biases drive the evolution of culture ( 2 ), both in humans and nonhuman animals ( 3 ). (pnas.org)
  • mechanisms
  • This is a contribution to the history of scientific advance in the past 70 years concerning the identification of genetic information, its molecular structure, the identification of its functions and the molecular mechanisms of its evolution. (mdpi.com)
  • show
  • It is the first model to show the evolution of complete germ-soma differentiation, where one part of the colony's cells (germ) eventually specializes in reproduction and the other part of the colony's cells (soma) specializes in survival. (eurekalert.org)
  • Austin, Texas -- Calculations by a team of astronomers at The University of Texas at Austin show that jolts of radiation from space may affect biological and atmospheric evolution on planets in our own solar system and those orbiting other stars. (mcdonaldobservatory.org)
  • language
  • ref. 4 ) have studied the evolution of language (which shares many properties with music) in a series of iterated learning experiments. (pnas.org)
  • both factors need to be taken into account when trying to understand the evolution of real music, real language, and, more broadly, real culture ( 5 ). (pnas.org)
  • This paper presents an overview of the most important kinds of change which have happened within the Indo-European language family, and shows that the comparison of language development with biological evolution is completely invalid. (creation.com)
  • major
  • The absence of fossil evidence for intermediary stages between major transitions in organic design, indeed our inability, even in our imagination, to construct functional intermediates in many cases, has been a persistent and nagging problem for gradualistic accounts of evolution. (answersingenesis.org)
  • models
  • According to John Scalo, "It may have been safe on Mars during the first few billion years, when the planet had a much thicker atmosphere, but today, and probably for the past billion years or so according to current climate evolution models, the planet has had little protection from high-energy radiation. (mcdonaldobservatory.org)
  • different
  • The radiation need not be lethal, but may instead induce episodes of intense mutational damage and error-prone repair, leading to interestingly different evolution than on Earth. (mcdonaldobservatory.org)
  • Research
  • Antarctic Organisms and Ecosystems (AOE) supports research at all levels of biological organization, from molecular, cellular, and organismal to communities and ecosystems in Antarctica. (nsf.gov)
  • In science, data curation may indicate the process of extraction of important information from scientific texts, such as research articles by experts, to be converted into an electronic format, such as an entry of a biological database. (wikipedia.org)
  • This term is sometimes used in context of biological databases, where specific biological information is firstly obtained from a range of research articles and then stored within a specific category of database. (wikipedia.org)