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  • coupled with of
  • Species on islands often persist within small populations with restricted genetic diversity and this, coupled with often limited habitat availability on islands, increases their vulnerability to perturbation by anthropogenic factors, including the introduction of IAS (Russell et al. (springer.com)
  • macrofauna
  • Spondylus crassisquama Lamarck, 1819 as a microecosystem and the effects of associated macrofauna on its shell integrity: isles of biodiversity or sleeping with the enemy? (awi.de)
  • Mackensen, A. , Brey, T. , Bock, C. and Luna, S. (2012): Spondylus crassisquama Lamarck, 1819 as a microecosystem and the effects of associated macrofauna on its shell integrity: isles of biodiversity or sleeping with the enemy? (awi.de)
  • extinct
  • At least 90% of the bird species that have become extinct in that period were island-dwellers. (cbd.int)
  • An example is the Micronesian Kingfisher Todiramphus cinnamominus which was endemic to the island of Guam, but following predation by invasive alien snakes (Brown tree snake Boiga irregularis ) it became Extinct in the Wild in 1986 when the last remaining wild birds were taken into captivity for captive breeding. (iucn.org)
  • priorities
  • A new study from the University of Helsinki investigates knowledge gaps among the largely unknown, but greatly threatened, group of island-restricted bats, and leads future research efforts to actual priorities. (eurekalert.org)
  • As species located in these areas are not only overlooked, but they also face risk of extinction, their islands and species constitute top priorities for future research", explains Conenna. (eurekalert.org)
  • The study in question leads future research efforts to actual priorities in protecting bat biodiversity. (eurekalert.org)
  • 2. Recognizes that Parties should implement the programme of work on island biological diversity in the context of nationally determined priorities, capacities and needs. (cbd.int)
  • Activities implemented domestically by Parties will be prioritized based on country and regionally specific needs, national determination, legislation, circumstances and priorities, and their biodiversity strategies. (cbd.int)
  • relevance
  • In May 2009, we studied the bivalve Spondylus crassisquama and its relevance for macrobenthic biodiversity off the north Ecuadorian coast. (awi.de)
  • The scope of the horizon scanning was the entire island of Cyprus, but the thematic groups also considered the relevance of the top 100 species to the Sovereign Base Areas of Cyprus, given their differing governance. (springer.com)
  • French Polynesia
  • Most breed in Melanesia, but a few migrate further eastward to their birth beaches in Polynesia - Tonga, Samoa, Cook Islands and French Polynesia. (bishopmuseum.org)
  • Although there are native skinks eastward in the Pacific to Fiji and Tonga / Samoa, the six in the Cook Islands, and the four of French Polynesia, probably all arrived as accidental tourists on the early Polynesian voyaging canoes. (bishopmuseum.org)
  • loss
  • More recently, the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment concluded that the main drivers of island biodiversity loss would either continue or increase rapidly. (cbd.int)
  • Tinkering is unlikely to be an answer to the continuing loss of biodiversity from every single habitat on land and water. (earthtimes.org)
  • predators
  • Furthermore, because island species have diminished dispersal capability and evolve in competition with relatively few other species, they develop survival strategies based on interdependency, co-evolution, and mutualism rather than defence mechanisms against a broad range of predators and competitors. (cbd.int)
  • Because island species are small, highly specialized and defenceless against potential predators and competitors, islands are particularly susceptible to the effects of invaders. (cbd.int)
  • In 1964, Foster J. B. proposed the called "Island rule", by which gigantism could be a consequence of lack of predators combined with a strong intraspecific competition, so bigger sizes would be selected. (labiotheque.org)
  • From the smallest islands, the topmost links in the food chain (i.e. the predators feeding on the herbivores) may simply fall off. (phys.org)
  • That means that when you move towards smaller island size, you run out of top predators before you run out of intermediate predators, and that you lose the last plant-eaters before you lose the last plant. (phys.org)
  • On each of these islands, the team took samples of local food chains consisting of four levels: plants, predators feeding on the herbivores, and top predators feeding on the predators themselves. (phys.org)
  • Polynesian
  • The gecko shown here is the Polynesian Gecko ( Gehyra oceanica , Moko Ngarara ) , the largest Cook Islands gecko with a total body length (TBL) of near 20cm. (bishopmuseum.org)
  • In the Cook Islands most of the eight gecko species arrived as accidental tourists on early Polynesian canoes, and one, the House Gecko, on a boat in the late 1980s. (bishopmuseum.org)
  • disproportionate
  • Working across a set of 20 islands off the Finnish coast, a group of Finnish scientists found that a disproportionate number of small islands were lacking the highest levels of the food chain. (phys.org)
  • native
  • On many islands there are now as many or more introduced flora and higher vertebrates than native species. (cbd.int)
  • It is obvious that the Coconut Palm pollen of Atiu and Mangaia greatly pre-dates settlement by people, and this indicates that this palm is native in the Cook Islands. (bishopmuseum.org)
  • insects
  • Very common birds and insects who can't fly live on islands: they might lose their flying capacity when they arrived to islands or emerged on islands from birds and insects who could fly. (labiotheque.org)
  • What is unique about our study is that we were able to look at patterns at the level of large species pools across the islands", explains Marko Nieminen, who spent three long summers boating around the islands, sampling insects by light and bait traps. (phys.org)
  • flora
  • Having already or not fauna and flora at the formation of island is a deciding factor of the future biodiversity. (labiotheque.org)
  • The King George Island flora consists of impressions and carbonised compressions of leaves of angiosperms, gymnosperms, and ferns, in addition to new records of an angiosperm infloresence, fruits and coniferous cones. (bl.uk)
  • In composition, tectonic setting and climatic regin1e, the closest modern analogue for the King George Island flora is the Valdivian rainforests of Chile. (bl.uk)
  • organizations
  • 9. Requests the Executive Secretary to assist Parties, and collaborate with other Governments, international organizations and other relevant bodies, to implement the programme of work on island biodiversity, as detailed in section C of the annex to this decision. (cbd.int)
  • years
  • Arrays of acrylic panels were deployed at two sites for 2 years at Ascension Island to measure subtidal recruitment. (nerc.ac.uk)
  • The island has also been isolated for a long time, for at least the last 45 million years. (mnn.com)
  • chains
  • Many islands in the tropics are island chains formed from coral reefs that encircle a lagoon. (alertdiver.com)
  • Where other people have looked at effects of island size on restricted numbers of species or restricted levels in food chains, we did the full thing across four levels", he specifies. (phys.org)
  • Species-area relationships across four trophic levels - decreasing island size truncates food chains. (phys.org)
  • widespread
  • On island arcs taxa are ecologically widespread, and provide evidence to support one key prediction of the taxon cycle, specifically that interior habitats (lowland rainforests, montane habitats) are home to a greater number of older or relictual lineages than are peripheral habitats (coastal and open forests). (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • rich
  • Once believed to be an 'inhospitable lump of rock,' South Georgia Island is now thought to harbor more biodiversity than the wildlife-rich Galapagos. (mnn.com)
  • One of the reasons it's so rich is, we suspect, that it's a really old island. (mnn.com)
  • Plant
  • This implies that plant and animal communities on small islands may work differently from those on large ones. (phys.org)