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  • pancreas
  • MRI is a great method to visualize the pancreatic ducts, PET scanning can reveal the metabolic activity of a tumor, EUS requires slight sedation but provides excellent detail and biopsies can be performed at the same time, and ERCP can be used to visualize the duct system of the pancreas and stents (small tubes to re-establish the flow of secretions such as bile) can be placed during the ERCP procedure. (wikipedia.org)
  • cancer
  • Here, the adjective ductal refers to the appearance of the cancer under the microscope, which suggests that it has originated in the milk ducts. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • In the Western world, the most common of these is primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), an inflammatory disease of the bile ducts which is closely associated with ulcerative colitis (UC). (wikipedia.org)
  • common bile
  • Choledocholithiasis refers to the presence of stones or sludge in the common bile duct and/or common hepatic duct. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • Most cases of choledocholithiasis result from the passage of gallbladder stones through the cystic duct into the common bile duct. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • The presence of choledocholithiasis is confirmed by imaging studies such as transabdominal ultrasound (low sensitivity for choledocholithiasis in the distal common bile duct), contrast enhanced abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), intraoperative cholangiogram, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) (fluoroscopically, by cholangioscopy or intraductal ultrasound). (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • Sarcoma botryoides or botryoid sarcoma or botryoid rhabdomyosarcoma is a subtype of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, that can be observed in the walls of hollow, mucosa lined structures such as the nasopharynx, common bile duct, urinary bladder of infants and young children or the vagina in females, typically younger than age 8. (wikipedia.org)
  • ducts
  • Hepatolithiasis refers to the presence of stones in the intrahepatic bile ducts and is more common in Asia in the setting of recurrent pyogenic cholangitis. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • Biliary stasis can result in primary bile duct stone formation in patients with massively dilated bile ducts and/or periampullary duodenal diverticulum. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • By contrast, patients with painless jaundice (an abnormal yellowing of the skin and eyes often caused by blockage of the bile ducts) are more likely to have a pancreatic cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cholangiocarcinoma, also known as bile duct cancer, is a form of cancer that is composed of mutated epithelial cells (or cells showing characteristics of epithelial differentiation) that originate in the bile ducts which drain bile from the liver into the small intestine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Known risk factors for cholangiocarcinoma include primary sclerosing cholangitis (an inflammatory disease of the bile ducts), infection with the parasitic liver flukes Opisthorchis viverrini or Clonorchis sinensis, some congenital liver malformations, and exposure to Thorotrast (thorium dioxide), a chemical formerly used in medical imaging. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common physical indications of cholangiocarcinoma are abnormal liver function tests, jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and skin occurring when bile ducts are blocked by tumor), abdominal pain (30%-50%), generalized itching (66%), weight loss (30%-50%), fever (up to 20%), and changes in the color of stool or urine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Such laboratory findings suggest obstruction of the bile ducts, rather than inflammation or infection of the liver parenchyma, as the primary cause of the jaundice. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the Western world, the most common of these is primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), an inflammatory disease of the bile ducts which is closely associated with ulcerative colitis (UC). (wikipedia.org)
  • abdominal
  • buy sildenafil Abdominal radiograph The presence of pancreatic calcifications is specific but is found in only of cases.URINARY SYSTEM dialysis Process of separating nitrogenous waste materials from the blood.ejaculatory duct Tube through which semen enters the male urethra.Type diabetes mellitus. (twinsengineeringgreatness.com)
  • variation
  • There are three necessary and sufficient conditions for natural selection, all of which are met in a neoplasm: There must be variation in the population. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • Neoplasms are mosaics of different mutant cells with both genetic and epigenetic changes that distinguish them from normal cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • While many of the genetic and epigenetic abnormalities in neoplasms are probably neutral evolution, many have been shown to increase the proliferation of the mutant cells, or decrease their rate of death (apoptosis). (wikipedia.org)
  • See Hallmarks below) Cells in neoplasms compete for resources, such as oxygen and glucose, as well as space. (wikipedia.org)
  • specific
  • Precisely matched, one-to-one OFDI and histology correlation is vital to accurately evaluate features seen in OFDI against histology as a gold standard in order to derive specific image interpretation criteria for pulmonary neoplasms and other pulmonary pathologies. (jove.com)
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • For example, neoplasms characterized by high-grade features, invasive glands and or signet ring cells, are termed adenocarcinoma in pathology literature. (wikipedia.org)
  • inflammatory
  • Known risk factors for cholangiocarcinoma include primary sclerosing cholangitis (an inflammatory disease of the bile ducts), infection with the parasitic liver flukes Opisthorchis viverrini or Clonorchis sinensis, some congenital liver malformations, and exposure to Thorotrast (thorium dioxide), a chemical formerly used in medical imaging. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the Western world, the most common of these is primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), an inflammatory disease of the bile ducts which is closely associated with ulcerative colitis (UC). (wikipedia.org)