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  • transitions
  • Talking about percolations and phase transitions in hybrid colloids is impossible without having a stable method to calculate cluster partition functions. (europa.eu)
  • This Thesis presents studies of phase transitions ocurring in porous media. (diva-portal.org)
  • A combination of NMR techniques, already existing and newly developed and ranging from cryoporometry to elaborate self-diffusion and spin-relaxation experiments, was applied in order to detect and quantify the effect of finite size constraints on those phase transitions. (diva-portal.org)
  • These results merge two fields, femtosecond magnetism in metals and band insulators, and non-equilibrium phase transitions of strongly correlated electrons, in which local interactions exceeding the kinetic energy produce a complex balance of competing orders. (mysciencework.com)
  • Surfactants
  • Polar lipids, for example monoglycerides, and surfactants can be used to solubilise hydrophobic or amphiphilic drugs and to formulate potential drug delivery vehicles such as emulsions, liposomes and cubic phases. (diva-portal.org)
  • interactions
  • Finally, to elucidate the mechanical properties and the phase diagram, a new theoretical approach (5th project) has already shown the limitations of pair-wise interactions and the dependence of the variety of structures on the softness of the colloids, using free energy minimization. (europa.eu)
  • Continuing along the line of tuneable interactions, it was shown that the rheological behaviour of the functionalized telechelic stars can be controlled by changing their topology. (europa.eu)
  • The multivalent interactions necessary for liquid-liquid phase separation have been extensively studied in vitro1,3. (jic.ac.uk)
  • Furthermore, in both Drosophila and mammalian cells, heterochromatin domains exhibit dynamics that are characteristic of liquid phase-separation, including sensitivity to the disruption of weak hydrophobic interactions, and reduced diffusion, increased coordinated movement and inert probe exclusion at the domain boundary. (bioportfolio.com)
  • generates
  • However, the disadvantage with SFC is the compressibility of the mobile phase generates serious internal pressure/density gradients which may lead to set instrumental conditions deviating more or less strongly from the real conditions in the column. (labmate-online.com)
  • micelles
  • The main objective of the WP1 is to understand the behaviour of soft colloids, such as star polymers, micelles, droplets both in the equilibrium conditions and under mechanical, electric and rheological drives. (europa.eu)
  • metastable
  • Using a combination of density functional theory calculations and statistical mechanics, we show that a wide range of intermediate compositions of ceria-zirconia solid solutions are thermodynamically metastable with respect to phase separation into Ce-rich and Zr-rich oxides. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • segregation
  • Although the kinetic barriers for cation diffusion normally prevent the decomposition/segregation of ceria-zirconia solid solutions in typical catalytic applications, the separation behaviour described here can be expected to occur in modern three-way catalytic converters, where very high temperatures are reached. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • reactions
  • By analogy to femtosecond chemistry and photosynthetic dynamics--in which photoproducts of chemical and biochemical reactions can be influenced by creating suitable superpositions of molecular states--femtosecond-laser-excited coherence between electronic states can switch magnetic order by 'suddenly' breaking the delicate balance between competing phases of correlated materials: for example, manganites exhibiting colossal magneto-resistance suitable for applications. (mysciencework.com)
  • efficiency
  • It not only can generate diffraction patterns (kikuchi lines) but can efficiency map and compare presence of different phases (of distinct crystal structure) in a bulk of material with existing crystal structures in international crystallographic diffraction database. (scirp.org)
  • porous
  • By relating the results to physico-chemical models, the difference in behaviour with respect to that of bulk was exploited and related to pore morphology and surface properties in diverse porous systems. (diva-portal.org)
  • biphasic
  • In addition a review of phase separation mechanisms observed during the extrusion of other biphasic paste systems and the theoretical models used to describe these mechanisms are discussed. (ibecbarcelona.eu)
  • theoretical
  • Due to lack of theoretical understanding of the phase separation mechanism(s), optimisation of an injectable CPC that satisfies clinical requirements has proven difficult. (ibecbarcelona.eu)
  • Therefore in addition to a review of methods to reduce phase separation of CPC and the associated constraints, a review of phase separation mechanisms observed during extrusion of other pastes and the theoretical models used to describe these mechanisms is presented. (ibecbarcelona.eu)
  • different
  • Yet, their design is determined in the laboratory, and different designs result in specific, but very different behaviour. (wur.nl)
  • Which GMP principles must be applied in the different development phases? (gmpua.com)
  • However
  • However, their behaviour is dubious. (scirp.org)
  • However, phase separation of pastes during delivery has been the focus across several research fields. (ibecbarcelona.eu)
  • However, it is still advisable to perform some quality assurance activities already in the preclinical phase. (gmpua.com)
  • However, in this phase, toxicological investigations are typically performed, which require compliance with GLP standards (see chapter 16.C.1 GLP - Good Laboratory Practice). (gmpua.com)
  • bulk
  • Emphasis is laid on explaining phase formation, evolution and plasticity of as cast inoculated Zr based bulk metallic glass matrix composites. (scirp.org)
  • studies
  • The first production for human use usually takes place during development, when clinical samples are manufactured for initial tolerability studies on healthy volunteers (clinical phase I, see figure 16.B-5). (gmpua.com)
  • clinical
  • What happens during clinical research phases I-IV? (gmpua.com)
  • In this phase it is also advisable to comply with basic quality standards in order to maintain a reliable and reproducible data basis for compilation of the IND (Investigational New Drug Application ) and IMPD (Investigation Medicinal Product Dossier ) (see chapter 16.D.1 Prerequisites for the approval of clinical investigations) and the manufacture of clinical samples in the next phase (figure 16.B-2). (gmpua.com)
  • GMP standards must be complied with starting from the clinical development phase , because clinical samples for human use are being produced from this point onwards (figure 16.B-3). (gmpua.com)
  • Which GMP requirements must be fulfilled in the clinical development phase? (gmpua.com)
  • Materials
  • Therefore, materials used in repairing the human body have to reproduce the correct signals that guide the cells towards a desirable behaviour. (ibecbarcelona.eu)
  • formation
  • A support is provided to hypothesis that inoculations remain successful in promoting phase formation and crystallinity and improving toughness. (scirp.org)
  • soft
  • Nowadays, soft and anisotropic colloids are in high demand, not only due to their rich phase behaviour, but also due to the possibility to control them with various external drives. (europa.eu)
  • As soft matrices various liquid crystal (LC) phases and structures are often used [ 4 - 7 ]. (hindawi.com)