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  • disorders
  • Despite the fact that both PD and HD are primarily disorders of the basal ganglia, the distinctive speech patterns connected with hypokinetic and hyperkinetic dysarthria are usually antagonistic. (peerj.com)
  • signals
  • An earthworm's ventral nerve cord carries signals from the brain to the body and allows for the coordination of the ganglia in each segment past the fourth. (reference.com)
  • Circuits
  • Although the vibrissal circuits in the basal ganglia are poorly understood, many findings support the view that these circuits are involved in regulating the movements of the head, neck, and whiskers during a wide range of behaviors. (scholarpedia.org)
  • abnormal
  • Although no one found gross physical lesions in people with obsessive-compulsive disorder or schizophrenia, often the basal ganglia were implicated by abnormal metabolic activity in the region," says Ann Graybiel, a leading researcher in the function of basal ganglia at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (dnalc.org)
  • Dysfunctions of the Basal Ganglia : Abnormal movements are commonly caused by a release of the system from inhibition. (scribd.com)
  • deficits
  • Patients with damage to the basal ganglia often have deficits in movement," says Michael Frank, a neuroscientist at the University of Arizona. (dnalc.org)
  • anatomical
  • A growing number of studies show that the role and anatomical connection in each area of the basal ganglia is well organized along the brain axes, the rostral-caudal axis and medial-lateral axis. (frontiersin.org)
  • This Research Topic aims to collect a wide range of articles on the anatomical connections and the heterogeneous functions organized over the axes of basal ganglia in various brain research models. (frontiersin.org)
  • The aim of this collection of articles is to find a fundamental principle for the functions of the basal ganglia separated by the anatomical axes. (frontiersin.org)
  • mechanisms
  • Although the basal ganglia process tactile information produced by passive whisker stimulation, scientific interest in using the whisker system to understand the functional mechanisms of the basal ganglia has focused on the active whisking system of rats and mice. (scholarpedia.org)
  • movement
  • Damage to the basal ganglia produces severe deficit s in motor ability, but the neuron al activation in the basal ganglia indicates that they do not specfically direct the muscular movements, nor are they involved in stimulus-triggered movement . (everything2.com)
  • Thanks in part to more sophisticated neuroimaging techniques, researchers have found that the basal ganglia are active in far more than movement. (dnalc.org)
  • The basal ganglia are involved primarily in processing movement related information. (thoughtco.com)
  • motor
  • The volume clarifies and broadens perspectives of the basal ganglia that have over the past few decades extended its functional-anatomic roles far beyond motor-centered models. (springer.com)
  • The basal ganglia are associated with a variety of functions, including motor control and learning . (thefullwiki.org)
  • It seems to be generally agreed that the basal ganglia have something to do with the creation and execution of motor plans. (cerebromente.org.br)
  • Diseases
  • Changes in posture & muscle tone/ Muscle rigidity Diseases of Basal Ganglia: 1. (scribd.com)
  • Reflexes deserve respect, writes the author, and understanding how people differ in learning from positive or negative feedback may have implications for education as well as for treating diseases in which the basal ganglia's systems go awry. (dana.org)
  • species
  • It is therefore fundamental to collect data on the heterogeneous roles of each region in the basal ganglia, across different species, to extract a general idea of the functions separated by axes. (frontiersin.org)