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  • pathogenic
  • IMPORTANCE Mycoplasmas are pathogenic bacteria that cause serious chronic infections in production animals, resulting in considerable losses worldwide, as well as causing disease in humans. (asm.org)
  • genome
  • We report nine genome sequences representing the phylogenetic and functional diversity of these bacteria. (pnas.org)
  • Among sulfate-reducing bacteria, genome sequencing has shown that D. vulgaris has developed well-defined protective enzymatic oxygen-defense systems ( 5 , 24 ). (pnas.org)
  • genomes
  • These bacteria have extremely reduced genomes and are thought to have limited metabolic flexibility, even though they are highly successful persistent parasites in a diverse number of species. (asm.org)
  • gastrointestinal
  • it is thought that Bifidobacterium's ability to compete with other gastrointestinal bacteria and occupy a large percentage in the bacterial flora of the gastrointestinal region might be partly due to the large variety of molecules that it is able to use for energy (Schell et al . (kenyon.edu)
  • substrate
  • This work demonstrated an effective approach of improved butanol fermentation and its probable mechanisms of this positive effect, i.e. the adsorption of ABE solvent and the adhesion of bacteria on porous substrate accounted for the production improvement and the proportional variation of solvent constituents. (biomedcentral.com)
  • microbial
  • Metabolite labelling reveals hierarchies inthat selectively channel carbons from sugar mixtures towards biofuel precursors, Microbial Biotechnology (2016). (phys.org)
  • enzymes
  • A novel bifunctional enzyme, L-rhamnulose-phosphate aldolase (RhaE) fused to L-lactaldehyde dehydrogenase (RhaW), which is not homologous to previously characterized L-Rha catabolic enzymes, was identified in diverse bacteria including Chloroflexi, Bacilli, and Alphaproteobacteria. (frontiersin.org)
  • The PTS consists of two general components, enzyme I (EI) and histidine phosphocarrier protein (HPr), and of membrane-bound sugar specific permeases (enzymes II). (genome.jp)
  • abundance
  • Normally there are an abundance of friendly bacteria, but certain circumstances can lead to a depletion of these essential microorganisms. (nwcpet.com)
  • humans
  • Candida can be a serious problem in pets due to the same environmental factors that are largely responsible for the epidemic in humans: frequent use of antibiotics, high stress level and high sugar intake. (nwcpet.com)
  • production
  • Right now, though, this bacterium is not very efficient at processing complex wastes to biofuel production ," said Ludmilla Aristilde, assistant professor of biological and environmental engineering. (phys.org)
  • Using nonedible plant materials for biofuel production is important to sustainable energy options, and processing these materials involves metabolizing the plant's sugars. (phys.org)
  • But some hexose carbons (six-carbon sugars) are preferentially channeled through glycolysis, a metabolic pathway that connects to biofuel production. (phys.org)
  • These bacteria are important in the natural conversion of organic carbons in soils and they are exploited for industrial biofuel production," Aristilde said. (phys.org)
  • bodies
  • Unfortunately, every time your pet drinks chlorinated water, eat fatty foods, takes anti-biotics, get stressed or become overly tired, good bacteria is destroyed in their bodies. (nwcpet.com)
  • importance
  • Sulfate-reducing bacteria are of particular interest because of their importance in cycling and transformation of essential nutrients and minerals ( 24 , 25 ) and of their links to different pathogenesis ( 26 , 27 ) in environments where extreme fluctuations in oxygen concentrations occur. (pnas.org)
  • particularly
  • The phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP)-dependent phosphotransferase system (PTS) is a major mechanism used by bacteria for uptake of carbohydrates, particularly hexoses, hexitols, and disaccharides, where the source of energy is from PEP. (genome.jp)
  • good
  • Even the pet foods we feed our pets to keep them healthy, like meat and poultry can contain antibiotics, further reducing the levels of good bacteria. (nwcpet.com)
  • Among
  • Large-scale regulon inference using bioinformatics revealed remarkable variations in transcriptional regulators for L-Rha utilization genes among bacteria. (frontiersin.org)
  • group
  • 6. The recombinant solventogenic organism of claim 1, wherein the gene is selected from a gene involved in a pathway selected from the group consisting of solventogenesis, chemotaxis, spore formation and sugar transport. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • natural
  • The bacteria can even survive very high levels of oxygen in their natural environment ( 28 , 29 ), but the mechanism remains elusive. (pnas.org)
  • large
  • Rhodococcus opacus PD630, an oleaginous bacterium, accumulates large amounts of triacylglycerols (TAGs), which can be processed into advanced liquid fuels. (biomedcentral.com)
  • different
  • So instead of having to separate the different sugars, we look to save time and money by using the whole complex biomass and turn it into fuel," she said. (phys.org)
  • If we better understand the assembly line in the metabolic mill that processes all the different sugars, we will be in a better place to implement bioengineering strategies. (phys.org)