• Cho, Byung 2014-01-01 00:00:00 For molecular study of marine bacteria Pseudoalteromonas phenolica using bacteriophage, a novel bacteriophage, TW1, belonging to the family Siphoviridae , was isolated, and its genome was completely sequenced and analyzed. (deepdyve.com)
  • Beth Mole, Ars Technica , "The poop of 100K cows may be to blame for that deadly romaine E. coli outbreak," 8 Aug. 2018 Each individual bacterium has a genome with roughly 4,200 to 5,600 genes. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Sarah Kaplan, ajc , "Scientists discover potentially powerful new antibiotic in dirt," 13 Feb. 2018 This is an environmental bacterium and opportunistic pathogen. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Beth Mole, Ars Technica , "Meet "raw" water-ludicrously priced unfiltered water with random bacteria," 3 Jan. 2018 The aggressive bacterium was dubbed Enterobacter bugandensis after the hospital where it was found. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Researchers at UC Berkeley covered bacteria with small. (inhabitat.com)
  • To test it against E. faecalis , the researchers first grew the bacteria into a biofilm, which they exposed to the plasma jet. (popularmechanics.com)
  • The researchers think they can now develop artificial signals to interfere with this signal process and that this could lead to new treatments for antibiotic-resistant bacteria. (zdnet.com)
  • David Spring , Martin Welch , their respective research groups and James T. Hodgkinson "explain that researchers long have known that bacteria communicate with each other. (zdnet.com)
  • First evidence that bacteria can acquire human genes has come to light in a new study by US researchers who found a fragment of human DNA in Neisseria gonorrhoeae , the bacterium that causes gonorrhea , one of the oldest recorded human diseases. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The researchers discovered the gene transfer from human to bacteria when the Broad Institute in Cambridge, Massachusetts, sequenced the genomes of 14 gonorrhea clinical isolates and found three of them had a fragment of DNA that had an identical sequence to an L1 DNA element found in humans. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The researchers also examined a close genetic relative of gonorrhea, the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis that causes meningitis . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The computer programme developed by researchers at Stanford University is an exact replica of the Mycoplasma genitalium bacterium, including its DNA and all the other components of its single cell. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The researchers attached nanoparticles to the outside of bacteria and linked DNA to the nanoparticles. (wired.com)
  • In a paper published in Frontiers in Microbiology , German and UK researchers named a new marine bacterium, Fuerstia marisgermanicae . (eurekalert.org)
  • The researchers don't know how the bacterium manages to affect the whitefly's reproduction. (livescience.com)
  • In an article in the Wall Street Journal today describing the technology, James L. Hedrick of International Business Machines Corp., one of the researchers, said the destruction of the bacteria renders it unable to develop resistance to the nanoparticles. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Using an analytical framework, the researchers created the first catalog of human gut bacteria that have "neuroactive" potential. (medscape.com)
  • In a study that focused solely on wipes, researchers concluded that instead of preventing hospital-acquired infections like methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ( MRSA ) the wipes could actually be spreading bacteria when used improperly by hospital staffers. (webmd.com)
  • But in a study presented today in Boston at the annual meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, researchers from Cardiff University's Welsh School of Pharmacy reported that when used improperly the wipes may spread bacteria rather than remove or kill them. (webmd.com)
  • The researchers used the wipes in this way in laboratory tests designed to measure their ability to remove and kill the bacteria that cause staph infections , including MRSA. (webmd.com)
  • Even some wipes that claimed to kill bacteria were found to transfer live bacteria from one surface to another, the researchers report. (webmd.com)
  • For example, when the researchers shone two separate lights at the cells, they saw two focused bright spots and the bacteria appeared to integrate the information, heading off in an intermediate direction. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Professor Fuerst said the bacterium, which was first isolated from Maroon Dam in South-East Queensland in 1984 by UQ researchers Dr Peter Franzmann and Professor Vic Skerman, now constituted one of the most complex bacteria known. (eurekalert.org)
  • Researchers have been experimenting with bacteria that can produce fuels such as hydrogen and methane, as well as those that can remove carbon dioxide, a major greenhouse gas, from the air. (technologyreview.com)
  • Researchers visited 35 U.S. homes, swabbing for bacteria in 32 locations in each home. (webmd.com)
  • But now, U.S. researchers have found a way to use bacteria to steady buildings against earthquakes by turning these sandy soils into rocks. (zdnet.com)
  • Interestingly enough, a team of researchers from Northwestern University recently conducted a study with bacteria that was kept aboard the ISS. (universetoday.com)
  • Bacteria from the soil were found across the home, but were most common on the exterior door trim, the researchers found. (yahoo.com)
  • In their efforts to find new approaches to fighting harmful bacteria without harming the microbiome, researchers are actively studying how our microbial populations protect us and how microbial imbalances cause disease. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Los Angeles Times , "Pollinators & predators in your garden: How to save one, kill the other," 17 July 2019 The main reason to do that is to cure a devastating, diarrhea-causing infection by Clostridioides difficile, the bacterium usually known as C. diff (and formerly called Clostridium difficile). (merriam-webster.com)
  • Maryn Mckenna, WIRED , "The Death of a Patient and the Future of Fecal Transplants," 11 July 2019 The infection is caused by the bacterium Mycoplasma gallisepticum, which is common in domestic turkeys and chickens. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Joan Morris, The Mercury News , "Contagious house finch eye disease reported in Walnut Creek area," 17 June 2019 The bacterium behind the outbreak was a particularly nasty strain of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 that produces only Shiga toxin type 2 (Stx2), the more toxic of two types of toxins E. coli tends to carry. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Cite this: Gut Bacteria Tied to Depression - Medscape - Feb 11, 2019. (medscape.com)
  • When the bacteria that cause anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) aren't ravaging livestock or being used in acts of bioterrorism, they spend their lives as dormant spores. (scienceblogs.com)
  • The new process, so far tested only at a laboratory scale, takes advantage of a natural soil bacterium, Bacillus pasteurii. (zdnet.com)
  • Microbially induced calcite precipitation (MICP) was achieved using the microorganism Bacillus pasteurii , an aerobic bacterium pervasive in natural soil deposits. (zdnet.com)
  • The cell shape of most bacteria is spherical or ovoid (coccus), rodlike (bacillus) or spiral (spirillum). (thecanadianencyclopedia.com)
  • The WHO's Tropical Disease Research programme backed this first large-scale trial of the bacterium Bacillus sphaericus, whose spores contain a toxin lethal to mosquito larvae. (newscientist.com)
  • Acinetobacter bacteria are fairly common microbes that can be found in many parts of the environment. (brighthub.com)
  • NASA keeps a close eye on the bacteria inhabiting the International Space Station with a program called the Microbial Observatory (M.O.) The ISS is home to a variety of microbes, some of which pose a threat to the health of astronauts. (universetoday.com)
  • These advantageous microbes provide a protective front against harmful germs by creating a layer of bacteria called a "biofilm. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Research shows that reduced exposure to microbes early in life impairs the immune system's ability to identify detrimental bacteria from harmless substances like pollen and peanuts. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • In an ominous first, last month the CDC said antibiotic-resistant bacteria had been found in food for the first time . (newser.com)
  • Bacteria have been found nearly everywhere on earth in a wide variety of environments (soil, hot springs, waste, indoors , water, your skin , and in the earth's crust). (google.com)
  • Your lab team will form a question and hypothesis about bacteria found at school and then create an experiment to answer your question. (google.com)
  • Bacteria are found everywhere. (google.com)
  • In the United States, this disease is mainly found in the southern central and southeast states but this new bacterium, not yet named, has been identified in more than 25 people and found in deer ticks in these two states. (redorbit.com)
  • Some of these bacteria were found living near vents and active volcanoes on the lightless ocean floor. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In 1993, scientists found many new species of chemoautotrophic bacteria living in fissured rock far below the ocean floor. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The bacteria were found in 80 to 90 percent of the patients with peptic ulcers. (npr.org)
  • The same bacterium has been found to infect the same subspecies of sweet potato whiteflies in Israel, but without offering nearly the reproductive benefits or any manipulation of the sex ratio. (livescience.com)
  • In analyzing data from 1054 individuals enrolled in the Flemish Gut Flora Project (FGFP), investigators found two groups of bacteria - Coprococcus and Dialister - were consistently depleted in people diagnosed with depression, regardless of antidepressant treatment. (medscape.com)
  • They also found that Faecalibacterium and Coprococcus bacteria were consistently associated with higher quality of life indicators. (medscape.com)
  • Some bacteria were found to have a broad range of these functions. (medscape.com)
  • But as research has progressed, experts now believe the two cooperate in various regards, with gut bacteria now found to be deeply involved in the maintenance of the entire body-something once regarded as the purview of the immune system. (newsweek.com)
  • Radiotrophic bacteria we found in a mine shaft might force us to change our whole approach to the search for extraterrestrial life. (extremetech.com)
  • Tetanus bacterium is usually found in the stomach and intestines of horses. (articlealley.com)
  • Could a bacterium found in milk trigger rheumatoid arthritis? (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • New research suggests that a bacterium found in cow's milk and beef may lead to rheumatoid arthritis in people who are already genetically predisposed. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A bacterium found in milk may trigger rheumatoid arthritis in genetically predisposed people, suggests new research. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Research team leader UQ School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences microbiologist Emeritus Professor John Fuerst said the study had found pore-like structures in a bacterium called Gemmata obscuriglobus . (eurekalert.org)
  • In Los Angeles, similar bacteria counts failed to materialize, though a few beaches near stream and river mouths where contaminants are found were posted for elevated bacteria counts. (latimes.com)
  • For example, a number of studies have found obese individuals tend to have a less diverse gut microbiome, 5 in addition to having greater numbers of certain harmful bacteria and fewer beneficial ones. (organicconsumers.org)
  • Previous research has demonstrated that probiotics - beneficial bacteria found in fermented and cultured foods such as yogurt - have a measurable effect on your metabolism. (organicconsumers.org)
  • In the United States, the bacteria have been found primarily in healthcare facilities and hospitals and are known to prey on the weak. (freerepublic.com)
  • Bacteria related to human skin were found most frequently on pillowcases and toilet seats - as were bacteria commonly found in human feces . (yahoo.com)
  • Bacteria from leaves and produce were found most often on door trims and also on kitchen surfaces. (yahoo.com)
  • Scientists at MIT and the University of California at San Diego (UCSD) have re-engineered E. Coli bacteria to. (inhabitat.com)
  • Whenever you hear about people getting sick from bacteria in drinking water, or from eating an undercooked hamburger, it is usually E. coli that is causing the illness. (google.com)
  • A large Epulopiscium contains thousands of times more DNA than a bacterium such as Escherichia coli , but the composition of this DNA is not well understood. (pnas.org)
  • Now he has incorporated them into living E. coli bacteria. (newscientist.com)
  • A single E. coli bacteria reproducing without any competition every 20 minutes would create a population in four days that outnumbers the (of course an estimated figure) number of quarks in the Universe. (everything2.com)
  • For example, Streptococcus pneumoniae ( S. pneumoniae ), which causes pneumonia , is a Gram-positive bacterium, but Escherichia coli ( E. coli ) and Vibrio cholerae , which causes cholera, are Gram-negative bacteria. (livescience.com)
  • Mycoplasma is the smallest living cell, which is why scientists chose it as the first bacterium to build from scratch. (npr.org)
  • A research team at the J. Craig Venter Institute outside Washington, D.C., has set its sights on a bacterium called Mycoplasma genitalium . (npr.org)
  • The 2013 AR Threats Report helped inform the National Action Plan for Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria . (cdc.gov)
  • In September, U.S. government agencies announced the establishment of the Presidential Advisory Council on Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria to focus on the growing public health problem. (time.com)
  • Part of the Wastewater Microbiology series, Wastewater Bacteria eschews technical jargon to deliver a practical, how-to guide for wastewater plant operators and those seeking to_understand the biology and biological conditions at the treatment process. (worldcat.org)
  • While many bacteria are aerobic requiring the presence of oxygen to survive, others are anaerobic and are able to survive only in the absence of oxygen. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Aerobic methane-consuming bacteria (methanotrophs) represent a potential biological platform for methane-based biocatalysis. (nature.com)
  • Newser) - Antibiotic-resistant bacteria that are 'just about as bad as it gets,' as one study author puts it, are spreading quickly in the Southeast, with a fivefold increase in detected cases between 2008 and 2012, a new study warns. (newser.com)
  • Therapeutic strategies for the treatment of MRSA and other antimicrobial resistant bacteria include higher antibiotic dosage, combination treatment with non-conventional drugs and the development of new drugs. (news-medical.net)
  • The CDC says about 2 million Americans are infected with antibiotic-resistant bacteria every year, and 23,000 of these Americans die. (time.com)
  • As part of their monitoring, the M.O. has discovered antibiotic resistant bacteria on the toilet seat on the ISS. (universetoday.com)
  • In most cases, resistant bacteria make it harder to treat infections in patients, and negatively impact entire communities should the resistant bacteria population spread--which is likely as antibiotic resistance spreads rapidly between bacteria . (huffingtonpost.com)
  • It's something you might expect Chicken Little to say: bacteria and viruses are falling from the atmosphere. (inhabitat.com)
  • Viruses and bacteria often act as parasites, infecting a host, reproducing at its expense and causing disease and death. (scienceblogs.com)
  • While it would be impossible to scientifically verify it as of now, it is highly likely that much your DNA actually codes for the creation of bacteria and viruses that are essential for your very survival. (everything2.com)
  • When we think about bacteria polluting our rivers and lakes, it is usually fecal coliform bacteria. (google.com)
  • When large concentrations of fecal coliform bacteria are present in water, it indicates that the water is being contaminated by some source of manure or other waste. (google.com)
  • However in surface water it is normal to see total coliform bacteria, which simply indicate the presence of soil, sediment, or other sources of coliform. (google.com)
  • In Kansas, the biggest contributors of fecal coliform bacteria to rivers and lakes are livestock operations, especially those that have a large number of animals in a small, confined area. (google.com)
  • Rain water washes this manure into our rivers, streams and lakes, carrying with it fecal coliform bacteria. (google.com)
  • Other sources of fecal coliform bacteria include wildlife populations, and leaky septic systems that haven't been well-maintained. (google.com)
  • Fillmore officials are sampling again for evidence of coliform bacteria and if the test is positive a second time the boil water edict will be issued. (latimes.com)
  • Routine weekly sampling showed that three of four samples tested positive for coliform bacteria, which is associated with sewage contamination, Curphey said. (latimes.com)
  • Because they release oxygen, certain photosynthetic bacteria (ie, Cyanobacteria, see Blue-green algae ) are thought to have been responsible for the initial production of oxygen in Earth's primitive atmosphere. (thecanadianencyclopedia.com)
  • The figure above shows "the quorum sensing systems of several bacteria, V. fischeri , A. tumefaciens , and P. aeruginosa , including the structures of the small AHL molecules (also known as N-acylated homoserine lactones) which are used by these bacteria. (zdnet.com)
  • The evolution of quorum sensing systems in bacteria could, therefore, have been one of the early steps in the development of multicellularity. (nih.gov)
  • Although eukaryotic cells have broken free of diffusion-dictated constraints on cell size, most bacteria and archaea are forced to remain small. (pnas.org)
  • They divide by binary fission, which is assumed to be a symmetrical division, such that both daughter cells produced from the parent bacterium have the same constituents with no obvious deterioration. (springer.com)
  • Is there a loss of fitness when a bacterium eventually divides into two daughter cells? (springer.com)
  • Then the nanoparticle-laden bacteria transported the DNA to the nuclei of cells, causing the cells to produce a fluorescent protein that glowed green. (wired.com)
  • Among other seminal discoveries, Professor Fuerst's group uncovered the first evidence that planctomycetes stand at the evolutionary interface between bacteria and eukaryotic cells, possessing a rudimentary nuclear envelope. (eurekalert.org)
  • For example, the newly described Fuerstia marisgermanicae cells have tubes connecting mother and daughter cells during division, an unusual feature for bacteria. (eurekalert.org)
  • Then gradually, using bacteria and finally yeast cells, they stitched together those 101 pieces in the correct order. (npr.org)
  • The bacteria have toxins that are destroying the cells in the tissue. (medicinenet.com)
  • Your body has around ten trillion cells, but it's also home to a hundred trillion bacteria. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Immune cells and gut bacteria, both of which live in the gut, used to be considered mutual enemies. (newsweek.com)
  • M cells are able to transfer the metabolic products and/or dead bodies of gut bacteria into the body, along with various pathogens or germs, without changing their shape or characteristics. (newsweek.com)
  • Gram positive bacteria are cells that take up a purple color in the Gram stain procedure. (news-medical.net)
  • The Gram stain procedure provides a colour contrast for easy observation and helps distinguish cells into Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria. (news-medical.net)
  • The institute's first efforts, though, will focus on engineering existing bacteria to produce large amounts of hydrogen for fuel cells or to collect atmospheric carbon dioxide on an industrial scale. (technologyreview.com)
  • A recently proposed system classifies the Archaebacteria, or Archaea, and the Eubacteria, or Bacteria, as major groupings (sometimes called domains) above the kingdom level. (infoplease.com)
  • This is the first time that a direct transfer of genetic material from bacteria to human has ever been recorded. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The fact gonorrhea can acquire genetic material directly from the host it is infecting 'could have far reaching implications as far as how the bacteria can adapt to the host', said Seifert. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • They built from scratch the genetic code of an entire bacterium and then assembled it into one piece. (npr.org)
  • Gene machines churned out 101 relatively small snippets of DNA, each representing about 1 percent of the genetic code of this bacterium. (npr.org)
  • The majority of your genetic code has been manipulated by bacteria, who due to their small size "only" make up ten percent of your dry body weight. (everything2.com)
  • the resulting genetic variation ensures that bacteria can adapt and survive as their environment changes. (livescience.com)
  • If you're feeling crummy, it's probably because nasty bacteria or some other germs have gotten into your body and made you sick. (kidshealth.org)
  • Most people think bacteria are dangerous invisible "germs" that exist to make life miserable . (everything2.com)
  • Scientists have created a "virtual bacteria" which mimics the way the organism works, in a breakthrough which could improve our understanding of disease and help find new treatments. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Biologists say they have solved the riddle of how a tiny bacterium senses light and moves towards it: the entire organism acts like an eyeball. (bbc.co.uk)
  • The Gram stain is a test used to identify bacteria by the composition of their cell walls, named for Hans Christian Gram, who developed the technique in 1884. (livescience.com)