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  • PFGE
  • This study investigated whether combining PFGE and spa typing with DNA sequencing of the staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec element (SCCmec)-associated direct repeat unit (dru typing) would improve isolate discrimination. (lenus.ie)
  • clonal
  • An isolate of C. jejuni from each of 153 patients from New South Wales, Australia, collected sequentially over a period of 30 months from 1999 to 2001 and comprising 40 sequence types (ST) from 15 clonal complexes (CC) was examined. (edu.au)
  • Genetic
  • Biomolecular engineering will produce new designs for therapeutic drugs and high-value biomolecules for treatment or prevention of cancers, genetic diseases, and other types of metabolic diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Meningitis
  • Porter Warren Anderson Jr. (born January 1, 1937) is an American microbiologist best known for developing a vaccine that protects children from infections by Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), a leading cause of bacterial meningitis and epiglottitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antibiotics
  • Necessary controls include a control plate that does not receive any antibiotics and bacterial spread plates demonstrating that the bacterial inocula are in the correct concentration range. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lowest concentration of antibiotics that prevented bacterial growth is considered to be the minimum inhibitory concentration of that antibiotic against that bacterium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaccines
  • that were all located in surface-exposed loops of the trimeric outer membrane porin, aiming at developing multivalent live bacterial vaccines (12-15). (wikipedia.org)
  • Hospital
  • Antibiogram and ERIC-PCR typing suggest a dispersion of clones associated with colonization or sepsis among the wards of the Neonatal Unit in the surveyed hospital. (iec.gov.br)
  • The technique for producing STAP cells was subsequently studied by Obokata at the Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH), while she was studying as a post doc under Charles Vacanti, and then at the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology in Japan. (wikipedia.org)
  • protein
  • This protein engineering technique allows us to link the function of a protein with the gene that encodes it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scaffolds are used to display the heterologous protein on the bacterial cell surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • Southern blotting, northern blotting, western blotting and Eastern blotting are molecular techniques for detecting the presence of microbial DNA sequences (Southern), RNA sequences (northern), protein molecules (western) or protein modifications (Eastern). (wikipedia.org)
  • Sequence Analysis
  • Type designations according to MLST9 and MLST8 schemes and ribotyping are also given, in addition to the traditional type assignments based on recA and tly sequence analysis. (nih.gov)
  • assay
  • As a consequence, many sophisticated techniques including Ames Assay, in vitro and in vivo Toxicology Tests, and Comet Assay have been developed to assess the chemicals' potential to cause DNA damage that may lead to cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay, also known as the Ames Assay, is used in laboratories to test for gene mutation. (wikipedia.org)
  • fragment
  • We used an IGS fragment for typing East African relapsing fever Borrelia spp. (nih.gov)
  • Thus, the enzyme will produce one fragment length for each type of microbe present in the sample. (wikipedia.org)
  • MRSA
  • ST22-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus type IV (ST22-MRSA-IV) is endemic in Irish hospitals and is designated antibiogram-resistogram type-pulsed-field group (AR-PFG) 06-01. (lenus.ie)
  • cell
  • She repeated the experiment with other cell types including brain, skin, and muscle cells with the same result. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacterial display is often coupled with magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) or fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the rest of a bacterial cell may stain, the endospore is left colourless. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main types within the cell are terminal, subterminal, and centrally placed endospores. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • IGS typing was unable to discriminate between the tick- and louseborne forms of disease.B. crocidurae, also present in Africa, was clearly resolved from the B. recurrentis/B. duttonii complex.Clinical significance of this spirochete is undetermined. (nih.gov)
  • IGS typing was unable to discriminate between the tick- and louseborne forms of disease. (nih.gov)
  • Treatment
  • The researchers also claimed that treatment with bacterial toxins or physical stress were conducive to the acquisition of pluripotent markers. (wikipedia.org)