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  • genes
  • Proteins are encoded in the genes, with certain proteins being expressed while an organism develops, with others are produced by an organism with the goal of accomplishing specific tasks. (wisegeek.com)
  • Another shared trait of bikonts is the fusion of two genes into a single unit: the genes for thymidylate synthase (TS) and dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) encode a single protein with two functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • toxins
  • Papers presented at the Workshop Conference on Bacterial Protein Toxins, held in Seillac on June 26-30, 1983, and sponsored by the Centre national de la recherche scientifique and the Federation of European Microbiological Societies. (worldcat.org)
  • The Comprehensive Sourcebook of Bacterial Protein Toxins, Fourth Edition, contains chapters written by internationally known and well-respected specialists. (elsevier.com)
  • Given the multifaceted aspects of toxin research and the multidisciplinary approaches adopted, toxins are of great interest in many scientific areas from microbiology, virology, cell biology to biochemistry and protein structure. (elsevier.com)
  • chains
  • Proteins are lengthy chains of amino acids which are folded back upon themselves. (wisegeek.com)
  • The integration host factor (IHF), a dimer of closely related chains which is suggested to function in genetic recombination as well as in translational and transcriptional control is found in Enterobacteria and viral proteins including the African swine fever virus protein A104R (or LMW5-AR). (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanism
  • Little or no mycoplasma DnaK DNA sequences were found associated with the tumor, which was fully developed, suggesting a hit-and-run or hide mechanism of transformation, indicating that the damage is done early but the protein may not be needed once the cancer cells are formed. (biospace.com)
  • The study also provides a mechanism for how some bacterial infections can interfere with specific cancer drugs. (biospace.com)
  • suggests
  • The study was published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences and suggests that bacterial infections may contribute to far more cancers than previously thought. (biospace.com)
  • This comparison suggests that YecM may be a metal-binding protein and therefore may function as an enzyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacterium
  • A bacterial protein is a protein which is either part of the structure of a bacterium , or produced by a bacterium as part of its life cycle. (wisegeek.com)
  • Researchers can spend years identifying all of the proteins associated with a single type of bacterium, and this process can be complicated by rapid mutations, as seen in the case of the wily Staphylococcus bacterium. (wisegeek.com)
  • Like a wolf in sheep s clothing, a protein from a disease-causing bacterium slips into plant cells and imitates a key host protein in order to cripple the plant s defenses. (innovations-report.com)
  • A protein from the bacterium, found in the aphid saliva and likely delivered inside the plant host by the aphid, triggers plant immune responses against the aphid. (redorbit.com)
  • substrate
  • Finally, with the help of a ubiquitin-protein ligase, E3, a covalent bond is formed between the C-terminus of ubiquitin and the ε-amino group of a lysine residue on the protein substrate. (frontiersin.org)
  • Genome
  • HU-type proteins have been found in a variety of eubacteria, cyanobacteria and archaebacteria, and are also encoded in the chloroplast genome of some algae. (wikipedia.org)
  • interact
  • A protein like UmuD, which is made of fewer amino acids, would not be expected to have enough binding sites to interact with very many other proteins. (phys.org)
  • UmuD's ability to interact with multiple partner proteins allows it to control the function of two translesion polymerases, coordinating their action with DNA replication. (phys.org)
  • mutations
  • Understanding individual proteins can also allow researchers to monitor mutations and to keep track of the ways in which these mutations occurred, and how they can be addressed. (wisegeek.com)
  • Based on studies of various mutations of the protein it appears that the superantigenic and lethal portions of the protein are separate. (wikipedia.org)
  • researchers
  • For this, the researchers need to integrate the individual components - which include bacterial proteins, dyes, and aptamers - into a sensor chip. (ecnmag.com)
  • To identify the protein composition of the aphid saliva, the researchers collected saliva from more than 100,000 aphids. (redorbit.com)
  • The researchers found that mycoplasma infection caused the mice to develop lymphoma earlier in life than noninfected immune-compromised mice and that some, but not all, of the cancer cells had bacterial DNA. (biospace.com)
  • SoluLyse Reagent
  • The SoluLyse Reagent is tested to be compatible with all popular purification methods, such as Ni and glutathione resins for purifying poly-His and GST-tagged proteins. (amsbio.com)
  • In addition, SoluLyse reagent does not compromise protein activities in cell lysates. (genlantis.com)
  • When sonication is inconvenient, or difficult to apply to many samples, we find SoluLyse reagent to be an acceptable alternative for the ACP fragment proteins as well as many other constructs we have examined to date. (genlantis.com)
  • found
  • Martin and graduate student Robert Abramovitch previously found that AvrPtoB, a protein Pseudomonas injects into plants, disables PCD in a variety of susceptible plants and in yeast (a single-celled ancestor of both plants and animals). (innovations-report.com)
  • The team, led by biology professor Graham Walker, found that the protein, UmuD, belongs to a recently discovered class of proteins called intrinsically disordered proteins. (phys.org)
  • UmuD usually is found in groups of two, which implies that it must have some kind of stable protein structure, said Sharotka Maria Simon, lead author of the paper and an MIT Ph.D. recipient now at Brandeis University. (phys.org)
  • One of these Buchnera proteins, GroEL, was found to induce immune responses in plants. (redorbit.com)
  • TSST-1 is a bacterial exotoxin found in patients who have developed toxic shock syndrome (TSS), which can be found in menstruating women or any man or child for that matter. (wikipedia.org)
  • infections
  • Within the scope of the AptaSens project, her team developed such a receptor for the antibiotic kanamycin which is used, for example, for the treatment of such bacterial infections of the eye as conjunctivitis, or in veterinary medicine. (ecnmag.com)
  • family
  • The YadA protein domain adheres to the following substrates: epithelial cells extracellular matrix collagen cellular fibronectin laminin The C-terminal domain consists of 120 amino acids which belong to a family of surface-exposed bacterial proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • structure
  • Structure similarity is given as the raw Z-score, which increases as the protein length increases. (nih.gov)
  • To do so, the team produced a detailed 3-D structure of one of them, both alone and in complex with a human NF-kappaB protein. (eurekalert.org)
  • This three-dimensional structure of the TSST-1 protein was determined by purifying the crystals of the protein. (wikipedia.org)
  • These software related to protein structure prediction may also appear in lists of protein structure prediction software. (wikipedia.org)
  • particular
  • So what I think this selectivity means is that (the bacterial proteins) are able to affect a particular arm of the immune response while keeping other arms untouched. (eurekalert.org)
  • Of particular importance, the infection did not need to persist and the protein did not need to be continuously present in all cancer cells. (biospace.com)
  • cellular
  • However, in this case, DnaK reduces the activity of important cellular proteins involved in DNA repair and anti-cancer-activities, such as p53. (biospace.com)
  • functions
  • EspG functions as a Rab GTPase-activating protein (Rab-GAP), trapping Rab-GTPases in their inactive GDP bound form, and reducing ER-Golgi transport (of IL-8 and other proteins). (wikipedia.org)