• Specific investigations have shown that K capsule contributes to multiple aspects of pathogenesis, including IBC formation. (nih.gov)
  • This study showed that BC is a promising alternative to gelatin capsules with both immediate and sustained drug release properties depending upon the compositions of the encapsulated materials. (springer.com)
  • Bogner RH, Szweijkowski JP, Houston AP (2000) Release of morphine sulfate from compounded slow-release capsules: the effect of formulation on release. (springer.com)
  • the capsule appears as a clear halo around the bacterium as the ink can't penetrate the capsule. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maneval's capsule stain: the capsule appears as a clear halo between the pink-stained bacterium and the bluish-grey stained background. (wikipedia.org)
  • Staphylococcus epidermidis The yeast Cryptococcus neoformans, though not a bacterium, has a similar capsule. (wikipedia.org)
  • acquisition of the causative bacterium from another individual, colonization, invasion of mucosal epithelium resulting in bacteremia, haematogenous dissemination, invasion of the blood-brain barrier and, finally, the occurrence of inflammatory changes within the subarachnoid space consequent upon bacterial multiplication within the central nervous system (Figure 1). (springer.com)
  • In the western world, GBS (in the absence of effective prevention measures) is the main cause of bacterial infections in newborns, such as septicemia, pneumonia, and meningitis, which can lead to death or long-term after effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some bacterial species have small internal protein capsules in which certain reactions take place. (csic.es)
  • Capsules too small to be seen with an ordinary microscope, such as the M protein of Streptococcus pyogenes, are called microcapsules. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent studies have also revealed that capsule along with fibrous protein assemblies is a key part of the IBC formation. (nih.gov)
  • Ahmad N, Amin MCIM, Mahali SM, Ismail I, Chuang VTG (2014) Biocompatible and mucoadhesive bacterial cellulose-g-poly (acrylic acid) hydrogels for oral protein delivery. (springer.com)
  • This finding further opens a new view of the function of BY-kinases in the bacterial cell notably in localizing protein complexes in subcellular regions over the cell cycle. (prolekare.cz)
  • The bacterial cell wall and materials adhering to its surface are the main ways in which we differentiate one species or strain from another. (scienceprofonline.com)
  • We aim to provide a global overview, across time scales, on the role of the capsule and how it affects the short, mid and long term genome evolution of a species. (pasteur.fr)
  • This will allow us to make predictions about the capsule-related factors influencing genetic exchanges across cells and the evolutionary outcomes of multi-species communities under different environmental conditions. (pasteur.fr)
  • The capsule plays a major role in both colonization and persistence of S . pneumoniae in the infected host due to its ability to form a shield that prevents antibodies and complement components from interacting with their receptors on the host phagocytic cells [ 5 , 6 ]. (prolekare.cz)
  • The capsule-which can be found in both gram negative and gram-positive bacteria -is different to the second lipid membrane - bacterial outer membrane , which contains lipopolysaccharides and lipoproteins and is found only in gram-negative bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mechanisms allowing the bacterial cell to maintain this protective capsule during cell growth and division remain unknown. (prolekare.cz)
  • Studying the role of BY-kinase represents thus an interesting approach to decipher the mechanisms of capsule synthesis and export. (prolekare.cz)
  • Model the interplay between capsules and genetic exchange mechanisms, by building on an individual-based model (IBM), previously developed. (pasteur.fr)
  • Temperate phages have been shown to carry adaptive traits that increase the fitness of their bacterial host. (pasteur.fr)
  • When viewed, bacterial cells as well as the surface they are on, are stained dark, while the capsule remains pale or colorless and appears as a ring, or halo, around the cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, capsules also play a critical role in the environment because they protect the cells from physical and chemical stresses. (pasteur.fr)
  • Gene Atlas of a Nitrogen-Fixing Legume Symbiont Understanding how bacterial communities produce biofuels or to remediate contaminated environments is limited due to a lack of knowledge of the functional properties of microbes and their genes. (doe.gov)
  • Determine the role of capsules in genetic transfer and the long-term evolution of genomes. (pasteur.fr)
  • Within the bladder epithelium, UPEC typically reproduces in a biofilm-like state composed of intracellular bacterial communities (IBC). (nih.gov)
  • Indeed, CpsD captures the capsule assembly machinery at the site of division, but we also show that CpsD coordinates capsule production with the cell cycle by interacting with the chromosome segregation system. (prolekare.cz)
  • Quantify the short-term fitness and metabolic costs of capsule production. (pasteur.fr)
  • [ citation needed ] Immunity to one capsule type does not result in immunity to the other types. (wikipedia.org)
  • The BC capsule shells were studied for drug release using an USP type-I dissolution apparatus. (springer.com)
  • Capsules have a gummy, sticky consistency and provide protection as well as adhesion to solid surfaces and to nutrients in the environment. (scienceprofonline.com)
  • Of those hits, 59 were confirmed as active in a dose-responsive manner, and eight compounds were shown in secondary assays to specifically inhibit capsule formation. (nih.gov)
  • Made using only the active ingredients and a capsule. (the-natural-choice.co.uk)