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  • plasmids
  • The result of Hfr/F− conjugation is a F− strain with a new genotype.When F-prime plasmids are transferred to a recipient bacterial cell, they carry pieces of the donor's DNA that can become important in recombination. (wikipedia.org)
  • genes
  • These surveys of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes taken directly from the environment revealed that cultivation based methods find less than 1% of the bacterial and archaeal species in a sample. (wikipedia.org)