• New insights into IDO biology in bacterial and viral infections. (uniprot.org)
  • In recent years, evidence has been accumulated that IDO also plays an important role during viral infections including HIV, influenza, and hepatitis B and C. Moreover, novel aspects about the role of IDO in bacterial infections and sepsis have been revealed. (uniprot.org)
  • More particularly, the invention relates to a method of reducing device-associated infections by inhibiting bacterial adhesion to biomaterials with apo-transferrin. (google.com)
  • Persistent bacterial infections associated with implant devices remain a serious and costly complication with both temporary and permanent implants. (google.com)
  • Antimicrobial drugs have been important tools of healthcare in several decades because of their effectiveness in control of bacterial infections. (igi-global.com)
  • Life Science Analytics', Bacterial Infections Therapy Area Pipeline Report contains detailed information on the bacterial infections drug pipeline. (marketpublishers.com)
  • This report provides insight into the pipeline status of bacterial infections drugs by company and by stage as well as a summary of the latest news and developments in this area. (marketpublishers.com)
  • In anthropogenic settings, many biofilms are a nuisance and a major source of bacterial infections. (usc.edu)
  • Bacterial infections are secondary infections in. (yahoo.com)
  • Bacterial vaginosis is one of the most common types of vaginal infections that a woman. (yahoo.com)
  • Search for bacterial infections list treatment. (yahoo.com)
  • They are only for bacterial infections (like strep throat). (yahoo.com)
  • Towards nano-diagnostics for bacterial infections, European Journal of Nanomedicine . (degruyter.com)
  • A common type of bacteria is causing a major healthcare crisis as we inch closer towards the last line of antibiotic resistance against bacterial infections. (frontiersin.org)
  • To date, many sialyltransferases and the genes encoding them have been obtained from various sources including mammalian, bacterial and viral sources. (mdpi.com)
  • Gene expression from bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones has been demonstrated to facilitate physiologically relevant levels compared to viral and nonviral cDNA vectors. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Outbreaks can be related to stress, and it also occurs concurrently with other bacterial or viral diseases. (thefishsite.com)
  • You've either contracted a viral or bacterial infection . (yahoo.com)
  • and medical researchers and clinicians who want to understand the genomic basis of viral, bacterial, parasitic, or other diseases. (oreilly.com)
  • Bacterial nanowires (also known as microbial nanowires) are electrically conductive appendages produced by a number of bacteria most notably from (but not exclusive to) the Geobacter and Shewanella genera. (wikipedia.org)
  • In that system, bacteria are members of the domain Bacteria [3] and "phylum" is the rank below domain, since the rank "kingdom" is disused at present in bacterial taxonomy . (wikipedia.org)
  • For historical classifications of bacteria, see Bacterial taxonomy . (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacterial genetics is the subfield of genetics devoted to the study of bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacterial genetics are subtly different from eukaryotic genetics, however bacteria still serve as a good model for animal genetic studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The differences in morphology and other properties were attributed by Nageli in 1877, to bacterial pleomorphism, which postulated the existence of a single, a few species of bacteria, which possessed a protein capacity for a variation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2010, bacterial nanowires were shown to have facilitated the flow of electricity into Sporomusa bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1. A method of inhibiting adhesion of bacteria to an implanted device in an individual comprising administering to said individual an amount of apo-transferrin effective for inhibiting bacterial adhesion to the device. (google.com)
  • Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is a disorder of unknown etiology, characterized by a foul smelling vaginal discharge, loss or reduction of the normal vaginal Lactobacilli, and overgrowth of other anaerobic bacteria. (diva-portal.org)
  • NALIDIXIC acid (NAL) has been described as a specific inhibitor of bacterial DNA synthesis in vivo and in vitro1-3, but its mechanism of action on susceptible bacteria remains obscure. (semanticscholar.org)
  • These layers are thicker in the surface film of Gram-negative bacterial colonies than in those of Gram-positive bacteria. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • The List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature includes, alphabetically and chronologically, the official names of bacteria as published or validated in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Early apoptosis of monocytes contributes to the pathogenesis of systemic inflammatory response and of bacterial translocation in an experimental model of multiple trauma, Clinical Exp Immunology 2006;145:139-146. (degruyter.com)
  • This review highlights recent studies that indicate roles for the  E , Cpx and Bae envelope stress responses in Gram-negative bacterial pathogenesis. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Over the past 40 years, the field has accumulated abundant evidence to support the concept that bacterial biofilms are important during the pathogenesis of infection. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • This study sought to characterize the bacterial and fungal microbiota changes associated with Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) among inpatients with diarrhea, in order to further explain the pathogenesis of this infection as well as to potentially guide new CDI therapies. (elsevier.com)
  • It has also become evident that subinhibitory concentrations of antibiotics, which pollute all kind of terrestrial and aquatic environments, have a non-negligible effect on the evolution of antibiotic resistance in bacterial populations. (mdpi.com)
  • The standard workhorse for genomic analysis of the evolution of bacterial populations is phylogenetic modelling of mutations in the core genome. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Here, we introduce panini (Pangenome Neighbour Identification for Bacterial Populations), a computationally scalable method for identifying the neighbours for each isolate in a data set using unsupervised machine learning with stochastic neighbour embedding based on the t-SNE (t-distributed stochastic neighbour embedding) algorithm. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Combined analysis of variation in core, accessory and regulatory genome regions provides a super-resolution view into the evolution of bacterial populations. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • For the first time, attachment structures used by pathogenic, environmental, and thermophile bacterial spores could be readily visualized on intact spores to reveal how specific appendages and outer spore coats participated in spore attachment, colonization, and invasion. (cambridge.org)
  • As the purified toxins killed the larvae, silkworm larvae could be used as a model to study the actions of pathogenic bacterial toxins in animal bodies. (elsevier.com)
  • A nucleic acid probe for classification of pathogenic bacterial species is capable of collectively detecting bacterial strains of the same species and differentially detecting them from other bacterial species. (google.com)
  • In this review, we summarize current knowledge about bacterial responses to sub-lethal concentrations of antibiotics and the related implications of biofilm formation and clinical consequences. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Bacterial biofilm formation and maturation consist of reversible and irreversible stages and include several conserved and/or species-specific bacterial factors [ 9 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Inhibition of bacterial adhesion and biofilm formation on zwitterionic surfaces. (semanticscholar.org)
  • In the scientific classification established by Carl von Linné , [2] each bacterial strain has to be assigned to a species ( binary nomenclature ), which is a lower level of a hierarchy of ranks. (wikipedia.org)
  • While these potential implications provide a reasonable hypothesis towards the role of the bacterial nanowire in a biological system, more research is needed to fully understand the extent of how cellular species benefit from nanowire use. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, this view has changed and many bacterial species are now known to coordinate behaviour at a multicellular level and not as single cells. (thefishsite.com)
  • Recombination produces coherent bacterial species clusters in both core and accessory genomes. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Several bacterial, fungal and plant species have shown promising bioremediation potential with regard to the removal of pharmaceuticals. (igi-global.com)
  • [12] When bacterial strains are genetically manipulated to boost nanowire formation, higher electricity yields are generally observed. (wikipedia.org)
  • By combining high resolution field emission electron microscopy with TEM images of identical bacterial spore preparations, we have been able to obtain images of intact and sectioned Bacillus and Clostridial spores to clearly visualize the appearance, distribution, resistance (to trypsin, chloramphenicol, and heat), and participation of these structures to facilitate attachment of the spores to glass, agar, and human cell substrates. (cambridge.org)
  • This chapter begins with outlining current knowledge about bacterial efflux pumps and drug designs applied in identification of their modulating compounds. (igi-global.com)
  • As a first step in carrying out detailed analysis of the functions of the HVT genes, a full-length infectious bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clone of HVT was constructed. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Methods of inhibiting bacterial adhesion to medical implants and reducing device-associated infection are effectuated by administering an effective amount of apo-transferrin to an individual with such an implant. (google.com)
  • This invention relates to a method of inhibiting bacterial adhesion to biomaterials. (google.com)
  • Surface functionalization of titanium with hyaluronic acid/chitosan polyelectrolyte multilayers and RGD for promoting osteoblast functions and inhibiting bacterial adhesion. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Envelope stress responses and Gram-negative bacterial pathogenesi. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • The  E , Cpx and Bae envelope stress responses of Escherichia coli are involved in the maintenance, adaptation and protection of the bacterial envelope in response to a variety of stressors. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Recent studies indicate that the Cpx and  E stress responses exist in many Gram-negative bacterial pathogens. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Therefore, the molecular mechanisms and the evolutionary pressures shaping the bacterial responses to subinhibitory concentrations of antibiotics merit to be extensively studied. (mdpi.com)
  • The newly developed method is applicable to any bacterium without the need for prior knowledge of its regulatory network, and will allow the rapid dissection of bacterial responses to environmental stresses. (nanohub.org)
  • The Phytochemistry and The Anti-Bacterial Activity of Yellow Root (Arcangelisia flava Merr. (ebscohost.com)
  • In Vitro Anti-Bacterial and Cytotoxic Properties of Silver-Contai. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • in addition it would boost immunity and has natural anti bacterial properties in its smoke as well as edible form. (yahoo.com)
  • Of complex causes for bacterial resistance, there has been increasing evidence that proved the significant role of efflux pumps in antibiotic resistance. (igi-global.com)
  • We have recently developed a method enabling the simultaneous measurement of the complete regulatory state of bacterial cells, by physically separating protein-DNA complexes from bulk genomic DNA, sequencing the footprinted complexes, and then applying a statistical mechanics-based model to identify protein occupancies. (nanohub.org)
  • Therefore, any B12 present in animal foods is only because of bacterial contamination. (freetheanimal.com)
  • Because of the simple fact that they don't have intestinal tracts, and therefore intestinal bacterial contamination, plant foods contain little or no vitamin B12. (freetheanimal.com)
  • At first I mistakenly took the Dr. to mean that intestinal flora itself constituted "bacterial contamination," so I'm damn glad I took a closer look because this post would have read far differently, otherwise. (freetheanimal.com)
  • It is the relatively modern industrialized slaughterhouse process that has led to the bacterial contamination problem with animal foods. (freetheanimal.com)
  • But the main head scratcher for me was: if all B12 in meat is a function of bacterial contamination from fecal matter, how about the high B12 content in a piece of beef liver (the highest) or a filet that has been well cooked? (freetheanimal.com)
  • An investigation confirmed bacterial contamination of the robot as well as drug product made by the robot. (cambridge.org)
  • The latter are typically less diverse and show considerable variation in dominance by any particular bacterial taxa. (usc.edu)
  • We found that bacterial community structure was notably similar in bleached and healthy corals, and the most abundant bacterial taxa were identical. (edu.sa)
  • Melatonin reduces bacterial translocation and apoptosis in trinitrobenzene sulphonic acidinduced colitis of rats. (degruyter.com)
  • Aims -The local immune response in the small bowel mucosa might play a role in bacterial translocation (BT). (bmj.com)
  • Bacterial conjugation is the transfer of genetic material (plasmid) between bacterial cells by direct cell-to-cell contact or by a bridge-like connection between two cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacterial artificial chromosomes, or BACs, are fertility- (F-) factor-based plasmid vectors that replicate stably in low copy number [ 2 , 3 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Tan, H, Fu, L & Seno, M 2010, ' Optimization of bacterial plasmid transformation using nanomaterials based on the Yoshida effect ', International journal of molecular sciences , vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 4962-4972. (elsevier.com)
  • Almost all submerged or even moist solid surfaces are enveloped in a bacterial and archaeal biofilm. (usc.edu)
  • The thirteen chapters describe in detail the structures, enzyme kinetics and biological roles of the AdoMet-dependent methyltransferases from a wide range of cell types: plant, animal, bacterial and archaeal. (google.com)
  • In this review, we summarize recent findings related to defining the regulation of toxin function by the CPD and the development of inhibitors to prevent CPD-mediated activation of bacterial toxins. (mdpi.com)
  • Clinical data was obtained from the medical record, while each stool sample underwent 16S rRNA and ITS sequencing for bacterial and fungal elements. (elsevier.com)
  • Typhoid fever , also known simply as typhoid, is a bacterial infection due to a specific type of Salmonella that causes symptoms. (yahoo.com)
  • [4] [Note 1] When bacterial nomenclature was controlled under the Botanical Code , the term division was used, but now that bacterial nomenclature (with the exception of cyanobacteria ) is controlled under the Bacteriological Code , the term phylum is preferred. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mycobacterium exploit a similar mechanism of developing a massive bacterial inoculum as an infective dose that spreads by aerosols. (frontiersin.org)
  • We collected mucus from bleached and healthy Porites lobata colonies in the Persian/Arabian Gulf (PAG) and the Red Sea (RS) to investigate bacterial microbiome composition using 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. (edu.sa)
  • [8] The total number has been estimated to exceed 1,000 bacterial phyla. (wikipedia.org)
  • There were 42 bacterial phyla from 153 families detected in the goats' feces. (mdpi.com)
  • Finally, our approach can be replicated for a wide range of bacterial sensors and should thus enable a new class of minimally invasive studies of gut microbiota pathways. (rice.edu)
  • Extracellular polymeric substances responsible for bacterial adhesion onto solid surface. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Bacterial endophytes have been shown to prevent disease development through endophyte-mediated de novo synthesis of novel compounds and antifungal metabolites. (wiley.com)
  • Biologically it is unclear what is implied by the existence of bacterial nanowires. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even the existence of a bacterial nucleus was a subject of controversy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biologically, the extent of the implications brought on by the existence of bacterial nanowires is not fully realized. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacterial adhesion to glass and metal-oxide surfaces. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Our principle findings suggest bacterial colonizers of rocks are taxonomically distinct to those colonizing synthetic surfaces. (usc.edu)
  • One of these tools uses cationic gold nanoparticles to probe bacterial surfaces. (nanohub.org)
  • This study presents a systematic modeling approach for examining the efficiency of the MEOR process based on in situ selective plugging by bacterial biopolymer production and optimization of the nutrient injection strategy to yield the maximum oil recovery. (kaist.ac.kr)
  • One of the major distinctions between bacterial and eukaryotic genetics stems from the bacteria's lack of membrane-bound organelles (this is true of all prokaryotes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other elements, however, may be viewed as bacterial parasites and conjugation as a mechanism evolved by them to allow for their spread. (wikipedia.org)
  • A mathematical model of aerobic bacterial metabolic processes is developed and used to derive the Monod equation, a second-order differential BOD equation, an equation relating specific bacterial growth rate to specific bacterial respiration rate, and a rationale for continuous respirometric growth rate control of the activated sludge process. (asce.org)
  • Bacterial biofilm is an emerging clinical problem recognized in the treatment of infectious diseases within the last two decades. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Bacterial adhesion to oral tissues: a model for infectious diseases. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Search for What Is Bacterial Infection. (yahoo.com)
  • Search for types of bacterial infection. (yahoo.com)
  • This critical review assesses emerging nanotechnologies for diagnosis of bacterial infection in developed and developing countries on the background of the current state of the art and includes particular challenges and pitfalls posed by a number of specific pathogens. (degruyter.com)
  • However, fine-scale differences in bacterial community composition between the PAG and RS were present and aligned with predicted differences in sulfur- and nitrogen-cycling processes. (edu.sa)