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  • sheep
  • Scottish embryologist Ian Wilmut and his colleagues had taken a mammary gland cell from a six-year-old Scottish Finn Dorset ewe and, via a process known as "nuclear transfer," succeeded in placing the genetic material from that cell into a hollowed-out egg cell from a Scottish Blackface sheep. (apologeticspress.org)
  • That zygote-which then contained the full complement of 54 chromosomes (as if it had been fertilized by a sperm cell)-was placed into the uterus of a second Scottish Blackface sheep that served as a surrogate mother. (apologeticspress.org)
  • Then surely the next question becomes obvious: If scientists have successfully cloned sheep, mice, cattle, goats, monkeys, and pigs (all of which are mammals), can they then clone humans-who likewise are mammals? (apologeticspress.org)
  • This egg cell developed within a test tube until it was implanted into the uterus of the surrogate mother sheep. (study.com)
  • Once implanted, it continued to develop into an exact genetic replica of the donor sheep, also known as a clone. (study.com)
  • vectors
  • Some vectors may include targeting sequence that may target the expressed protein to a specific location such as the periplasmic space of bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • BACs are preferred for these kind of genetic studies because they accommodate much larger sequences without the risk of rearrangement, and are therefore more stable than other types of cloning vectors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most viral vectors also carry a marker that allows clones containing an insert to be distinguished from those that do not have an insert. (wikipedia.org)
  • These vectors generally have a selectable marker allowing the differentiation of clones containing an insert from those that do not. (wikipedia.org)
  • biological
  • Biotechnology, defined as 'the application of biological systems and organisms to technical and industrial processes', is not new. (fda.gov)
  • Technology based on biology and involves the exploitation of living organisms or biological processes, to improve agriculture, animal husbandry, food science,medicine and industry. (getrevising.co.uk)
  • The effects of cloning and most importantly human cloning could change society and the biological world, as we know it. (essaypride.com)
  • In the biological communities surrounding hydrothermal vents and cold seeps, extremophile bacteria provide the nutrients needed to sustain life by converting dissolved compounds, such as hydrogen sulphide and methane, to energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • coli
  • A bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) is a DNA construct, based on a functional fertility plasmid (or F-plasmid), used for transforming and cloning in bacteria, usually E. coli. (wikipedia.org)
  • differentiation
  • We discussed how a single cell, a fertilized egg cell, develops into a complex organism, by the dual processes of cell division and differentiation. (libretexts.org)
  • meant cell wall death), but I think Tam tam said it had something to do with the free flow of DNA and is related to fission and multi lineage differentiation (whatever these may be). (biology-online.org)
  • Extracts
  • A Chromatin Immunoprecipitation assay uses an antibody directed against one of the histones to precipitate and enrich chromatin from cell extracts. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • adult
  • The BCR-ABL1 fusion protein is the cause of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and of a significant fraction of adult-onset B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) cases. (bioportfolio.com)
  • There are two different types of cloning procedures, embryo cloning and adult DNA cloning. (essaypride.com)
  • The possibility that people might be cloned from the cells of a single adult human being had long been a subject primarily of fantasy and science fiction but became very definite at the end of the 20th century. (essaypride.com)
  • bacterial
  • Critical aspects of molecular cloning are discussed, such as the need for molecular cloning strategy and how to keep track of transformed bacterial colonies. (jove.com)
  • Most bacteria have not been characterised, and only about half of the bacterial phyla have species that can be grown in the laboratory. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are typically 40 million bacterial cells in a gram of soil and a million bacterial cells in a millilitre of fresh water. (wikipedia.org)
  • The famous notion that bacterial cells in the human body outnumber human cells by a factor of 10:1 has been debunked. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are approximately 39 trillion bacterial cells in the human microbiota as personified by a "reference" 70 kg male 170 cm tall, whereas there are 30 trillion human cells in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike cells of animals and other eukaryotes, bacterial cells do not contain a nucleus and rarely harbour membrane-bound organelles. (wikipedia.org)
  • The development and applications of the bacterial artificial chromosome cloning system" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • Now, with reports arriving almost daily about proposals to clone humans, and with similar reports surfacing with disturbing frequency about scientists' planned use of human-derived stem cells, I believe that an in-depth analysis of these two subjects is both timely and warranted. (apologeticspress.org)
  • This breakthrough opens the door to the possibility for the cloning of other mammals including humans. (essaypride.com)
  • The Bioethical Focus article entitled "Cloning in Humans" gives us some basic background information on cloning. (essaypride.com)
  • processes
  • The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to biochemistry: Biochemistry - study of chemical processes in living organisms, including living matter. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biochemistry governs all living organisms and living processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • Connective tissue progenitors (CTPs) are defined as the heterogeneous population of tissue-resident stem and progenitor cells that are capable of proliferating and differentiating into connective tiss. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This is the separation of cells of any tissue type and their growth in a nutrient medium . (getrevising.co.uk)
  • newly
  • Accordingly, discoveries that possess "markedly different characteristics from any found in nature" are eligible for patent protection, but any existing organism or newly discovered plant found in the wild is not patentable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biotechnology
  • In industry, bacteria are important in sewage treatment and the breakdown of oil spills, the production of cheese and yogurt through fermentation, and the recovery of gold, palladium, copper and other metals in the mining sector, as well as in biotechnology, and the manufacture of antibiotics and other chemicals. (wikipedia.org)
  • nutrients
  • After conception, the zygote (fertilized egg) is allowed to divide and nutrients are added to promote cell division. (essaypride.com)
  • Bacteria are vital in many stages of the nutrient cycle by recycling nutrients such as the fixation of nitrogen from the atmosphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • However
  • However, did you realize this was a form of cloning? (study.com)
  • However, after reading this article I wanted more insight on the topic of cloning, so I researched it more in depth on the Internet. (essaypride.com)
  • however, separating the protein of interest from the great majority of proteins of the host cell can be a protracted process. (wikipedia.org)
  • procedure
  • This video explains the major methods that are combined, in tandem, to comprise the overall molecular cloning procedure. (jove.com)