• The axillary vein is formed where the basilic and brachial veins come together, in the deep tissue of the upper arm. (innerbody.com)
  • The continuation of the basilic and brachial veins that runs from the lower border of the teres major muscle to the outer border of the first rib where it becomes the subclavian vein. (dictionary.com)
  • It is formed by the union of the paired brachial veins and the basilic vein and contributes to the drainage of the axilla , arm and superolateral chest wall. (radiopaedia.org)
  • The axillary vein is formed at the inferior border of the axilla by the union of the paired brachial veins (venae comitantes of the brachial artery ) and the basilic vein 1,2 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • The cephalic vein is a tributary of the first part of the axillary vein (above the pectoralis minor) and enters the vein after piercing the clavipectoral fascia 1 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • It then passes in front of the scalenus anterior 1 , where it becomes continuous with the subclavian vein at the lateral border of the first rib 2 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • These include the thoracoacromial vein , lateral thoracic vein , subscapular vein , anterior circumflex humeral vein and posterior circumflex humeral vein . (radiopaedia.org)
  • There are five axillary lymph node groups, namely the lateral (humeral), anterior (pectoral), posterior (subscapular), central and apical nodes. (radiopaedia.org)
  • The axillary lymph nodes , also known commonly as axillary nodes , are a group of lymph nodes in the axilla and receive lymph from vessels that drain the arm, the walls of the thorax, the breast and the upper walls of the abdomen. (radiopaedia.org)
  • The apical nodes are the final common pathway for all of the axillary lymph nodes. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Cortical morphologic features of axillary lymph nodes as a predictor of metastasis in breast cancer: in vitro sonographic study. (radiopaedia.org)
  • The top of the heart, known as the heart's base, connects to the great blood vessels of the body: the aorta , vena cava, pulmonary trunk, and pulmonary veins. (innerbody.com)
  • It includes the arteries, veins and capillaries that carry blood to and from the heart. (icdlist.com)
  • There are three major types of blood vessels: arteries, capillaries and veins. (innerbody.com)
  • We revisit a method that may provide increased safety and avoidance of pneumothorax during ultrasound-guided subclavian/axillary vein cannulation. (ivteam.com)
  • This is largely related to the proximity of the subclavian vein to the pleural space and the traditional "blind" or anatomic landmark approach used in subclavian vein cannulation. (ivteam.com)
  • Central vein cannulation is one of the most commonly performed procedures in intensive care. (ivteam.com)
  • The axillary vein arises at the inferior border of the teres major muscle at the inferior border of the axilla 3 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • The axillary vein drains deoxygenated blood from the arm, axilla and superolateral chest wall 4 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • The existing evidence suggests that infraclavicular approach to the axillary vein is a reliable method of central vein catheterization, especially when performed with ultrasound guidance. (ivteam.com)
  • Ultrasound of the left arm suggested possible left axillary vein stenosis. (azhcenters.com)
  • Once the neuromuscular bundle is identified by ultrasound an appropriate needle path should be chosen to avoid inadvertent puncture of the axillary veins. (pnbschool.com)
  • It also receives contributions from the thoracoepigastric vein of the anterolateral abdominal wall 5 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • This is achieved by directing the needle toward the subclavian vein at a point where it traverses over the second rib, providing a protective rib shield between the vessel and pleura as a safety net for operators" Senussi et al (2017). (ivteam.com)
  • Gawda, R., Czarnik, T. and Łysenko, L. (2016) Infraclavicular access to the axillary vein - new possibilities for the catheterization of the central veins in the intensive care unit. (ivteam.com)
  • After death clots were found extending from the heart into the axillary vein . (dictionary.com)
  • The patient had a venogram performed confirming occlusion of the left axillary and subclavian vein with extensive collateralization. (azhcenters.com)
  • Endovascular recanalization of the left axillary and subclavian veins was performed with re-entry venogram, confirming intra-luminal position of the catheter. (azhcenters.com)
  • Picture 4, post venogram with diffuse residual elastic recoil of the left axillary and subclavian vein. (azhcenters.com)
  • For this reason, the axillary vein seems to be a rational alternative approach. (ivteam.com)
  • Primary thrombosis of the axillary and subclavian veins can be defined as a thrombosis of these veins occurring after some unusual violent muscular effort or, as is more frequent, following a trivial muscular strain or indirect trauma. (annals.org)
  • A case of posttraumatic axillary vein thrombosis in an otherwise healthy young man gave rise to rapidly progressive obstructive pulmonary hypertension, a result of recurrent thromboembolism. (annals.org)
  • There was also no sign of groin abscess or pseudoaneurysm, nor any non-compressible vein in the femoropopliteal region suggestive of deep vein thrombosis. (emdocs.net)
  • A thrombosis in one of the main veins that carry blood from the brain, such as the superior sagittal sinus, the lateral sinus, or the straight sinus. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A thrombosis in one or more of the deep veins of the legs (the most common site) or the veins of arms, pelvis, neck, axilla, or chest. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The Chondroepitrochlearis Muscle: A Rare Cause of Axillary Vein Thrombosis and Lymphedema. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Upper limb deep vein thrombosis due to Langer's axillary arch. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Due to the growing popularity of modified dumbbells and the possible risk for axillary vein thrombosis, consideration should be made to caution consumers of this potential complication. (arizona.edu)
  • Cephalic vein thrombosis. (arizona.edu)
  • Percutaneous manual aspiration thrombectomy followed by stenting for iliac vein compression syndrome with secondary acute isolated iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis: a prospective study of single-session endovascular protocol. (arizona.edu)
  • Repeated local thrombolysis in a patient with axillary and subclavian vein injury and thrombosis]. (arizona.edu)
  • In this case, we present a rare case of breast cancer presenting as deep vein thrombosis of the axillary vein. (caspjim.com)
  • Doppler ultrasonography showed right axillary vein thrombosis. (caspjim.com)
  • Changal K H, Raina H, Parray M A, Ahmad Sofi F. Carcinoma of the Breast Presenting As Deep Vein Thrombosis of the Axillary Vein. (caspjim.com)
  • We present a case of Meigs syndrome in a young patient presenting initially with an axillary vein thrombosis and local lymphadenopathy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A 28-year-old Caucasian woman presented with a short history of right arm swelling and shortness of breath as a result of an axillary vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolus. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Initial investigations with a Doppler ultrasound of her right arm and axilla demonstrated a deep vein thrombosis in the right subclavian vein with extension into the proximal internal jugular vein. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A deep vein thrombosis in the right leg. (wikipedia.org)
  • A venous thrombosis is a thrombosis in a vein , caused by a thrombus (blood clot). (wikipedia.org)
  • A common type of venous thrombosis is a deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which is a blood clot usually found in the deep veins of the leg. (wikipedia.org)
  • The abbreviation DVT/PE refers to a VTE where a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) has moved to the lungs (PE or pulmonary embolism). (wikipedia.org)
  • While venous thrombosis of the legs is the most common form, venous thrombosis may occur in other veins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Venous haemodynamics of the upper extremity after subclavian vein thrombosis. (nih.gov)
  • Thrombosis of the axillary-humeral subclavian venous trunk (Paget-Schroëtter syndrome. (nih.gov)
  • Evaluation of a new treatment strategy for Paget-Schroetter syndrome: spontaneous thrombosis of the axillary-subclavian vein. (nih.gov)
  • Local thrombolytic therapy as part of a multidisciplinary approach to acute axillosubclavian vein thrombosis (Paget-Schroetter syndrome). (nih.gov)
  • Scintigraphic assessment of "effort" axillary-subclavian vein thrombosis. (nih.gov)
  • Subclavian vein notch: a phlebographic abnormality associated with subclavian-axillary vein thrombosis. (nih.gov)
  • A venogram was then conducted, which showed a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the right subclavian vein, related to the medial third of the clavicle and first rib with early collateral formation. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • [ 2 ] Repetitive arm movements traumatize the vein, causing posttraumatic inflammation, focal intimal fibrosis, stenosis, blood flow stasis, and eventual thrombosis leading to acute symptoms of upper extremity deep venous thrombosis. (medscape.com)
  • Venous thromboembolism (VTE) includes both deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). (clevelandclinicmeded.com)
  • Central vein catheter-related thrombosis in intensive care patients: incidence, risks factors, and relationship with catheter-related sepsis. (medscape.com)
  • Anomalies of the inferior vena cava (IVC) have been recognized as one of the predisposing factors for deep vein thrombosis. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Rarely, thrombosis of an anomalous retroperitoneal vein may resemble a soft tissue mass. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Deep vein thrombosis of the upper extremity (DVT-UE) can occur in any of the veins of the upper extremity or thoracic inlet. (aerzteblatt.de)
  • DVT-UE must be distinguished from thrombosis of the superficial veins, i.e., the cephalic and basilic veins ( 1 ). (aerzteblatt.de)
  • At the outer border of the first rib, the axillary vein becomes the subclavian vein, the terminal point of the venous system characteristic of the upper extremity. (britannica.com)
  • this confirms that the access is venous rather than arterial and helps ensure that a sheath is not inadvertently placed into the axillary artery. (medscape.com)
  • To retrospectively review the outcome of stent placement in neonates with a vertical ductus, present a technique of ductal stenting via the axillary artery and compare it to ductal stenting via the femoral venous access. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Central venous access via the femoral vein (overlying cellulitis) and internal jugular vein (limited neck mobility due to cervical stenosis with myelopathy) were deemed inappropriate or challenging. (emdocs.net)
  • Venous translucence is the process of reflective image visualization of veins by light, which reaches up to the superficial venous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, venous translumination is based on the incidence of luminosity on the vein, where part of the light is absorbed and another reflected (supplying a silhouette of the vein in question). (wikipedia.org)
  • antebrachial vein, median a vein that arises from a palmar venous plexus and passes up the forearm between the cephalic and the basilic veins to the elbow, where it either joins one of these, bifurcates to join both, or joins the median cubital vein. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Aims: This study is an attempt to study the efficacy of real-time US-guided axillary venous cannulation as a safe alternative for the time-tested US-guided IJV cannulation. (who.int)
  • Materials and Methods: A total of 100 adult patients scheduled for cardiac surgery were divided equally in Group A-US-guided IJV cannulation, and Group B-US-guided axillary venous cannulation. (who.int)
  • Superficial venous thromboses cause discomfort but generally not serious consequences, as do the deep vein thromboses (DVTs) that form in the deep veins of the legs or in the pelvic veins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Venous thoracic outlet syndrome (vTOS) results from subclavian vein compression, often between the first rib, costoclavicular ligament, and subclavius tendon within the costoclavicular space. (medscape.com)
  • What are the initial steps of central venous access via the subclavian vein? (medscape.com)
  • Central venous catheterization--subclavian vein. (medscape.com)
  • Following intraoperative superior vena cava injury, venous drainage of the head, neck and upper extremities can be re-established with bovine jugular vein (Contegra) conduits. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Typically, these are obtained from the superficial venous system, and most commonly from the lower extremity using branches or segments of the greater or lesser saphenous veins. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In this short video, the authors present an alternative strategy: limited surgical exposure and direct cannulation of the right axillary artery, percutaneous puncture of the femoral vein, and cannulation of the right atrium with a long, two-stage venous cannula. (ctsnet.org)
  • The Systemic Veins return the venous blood from the body generally to the right atrium of the heart. (theodora.com)
  • The Portal Vein, an appendage to the systemic venous system, is confined to the abdominal cavity, and returns the venous blood from the spleen and the viscera of digestion to the liver. (theodora.com)
  • Thus, between the venous sinuses of the cranium, and between the veins of the neck, where obstruction would be attended with imminent danger to the cerebral venous system, large and frequent anastomoses are found. (theodora.com)
  • The same free communication exists between the veins throughout the whole extent of the vertebral canal, and between the veins composing the various venous plexuses in the abdomen and pelvis, e. g., the spermatic, uterine, vesical, and pudendal. (theodora.com)
  • At its terminal part, it is also joined by the cephalic vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cephalic vein is a tributary of the first part of the axillary vein (above the pectoralis minor) and enters the vein after piercing the clavipectoral fascia 1 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • Anterior view of right upper limb and thorax - axillary vein and the distal part of the basilic vein and cephalic vein . (wikidoc.org)
  • Its tributaries include the basilic vein and cephalic vein , which are both superficial veins . (wikidoc.org)
  • It is joined by the cephalic vein and the basilic vein. (healthline.com)
  • Opposite the cephalic vein, the basilic vein travels through the shoulder near the triceps muscle on the underside of the arm. (healthline.com)
  • Near the region anterior to the cubital fossa , in the bend of the elbow joint, the basilic vein usually connects with the other large superficial vein of the upper extremity, the cephalic vein , via the median cubital vein . (wikidoc.org)
  • The axillary vein travels ________ (medially/laterally) to join the cephalic vein at the subclavian vein. (studystack.com)
  • In human anatomy, the axillary vein is a large blood vessel that conveys blood from the lateral aspect of the thorax, axilla (armpit) and upper limb toward the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • Injuries of the axillary artery are not common [ 1 , 2 ] and fractures of the upper end of the humerus/humerus neck are rarely associated with injuries of the axillary artery [ 3 , 4 ], probably due to the abundance of loose connective tissue and soft tissue space in the axilla along with absence of tight compartments. (hindawi.com)
  • It is formed by the union of the paired brachial veins and the basilic vein and contributes to the drainage of the axilla , arm and superolateral chest wall. (radiopaedia.org)
  • The axillary vein is formed at the inferior border of the axilla by the union of the paired brachial veins (venae comitantes of the brachial artery ) and the basilic vein 1,2 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • The axillary vein arises at the inferior border of the teres major muscle at the inferior border of the axilla 3 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • The vein ascends through the axilla medial to the axillary artery and then courses anterior to the subclavian artery to leave the axilla at its apex. (radiopaedia.org)
  • The axillary vein drains deoxygenated blood from the arm, axilla and superolateral chest wall 4 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • The contents of the axilla include the axillary vein and artery, as well as the brachial plexus , lymph nodes and fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • The veins of the right axilla, viewed from in front. (wikipedia.org)
  • Importantly, the block lends its name from the approach and not from the axillary nerve, which itself is not blocked because it departs from the posterior cord more proximally in the axilla. (nysora.com)
  • What vein is in the axilla? (brainscape.com)
  • The axillary lymph nodes , also known commonly as axillary nodes , are a group of lymph nodes in the axilla and receive lymph from vessels that drain the arm, the walls of the thorax, the breast and the upper walls of the abdomen. (radiopaedia.org)
  • The axillary vessels and nerves traverse the upper part of the axilla between the costoclavicular (Halsted's) ligament and the medial side of the brachium. (vesalius.com)
  • The musculocutaneous nerve often departs from the lateral cord in the proximal axilla and is commonly spared by the axillary approach. (usra.ca)
  • It terminates at the lateral margin of the first rib, at which it becomes the subclavian vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • The continuation of the basilic and brachial veins that runs from the lower border of the teres major muscle to the outer border of the first rib where it becomes the subclavian vein. (dictionary.com)
  • Once it passes the lateral border of the first rib, the axillary vein then becomes the subclavian vein posterior to the clavicle (1) (Figure 1). (emdocs.net)
  • Discussion on helpful scanning techniques and anatomy landmarks used to perform an Axillary Vein Cannulation. (sonosite.com)
  • We revisit a method that may provide increased safety and avoidance of pneumothorax during ultrasound-guided subclavian/axillary vein cannulation. (ivteam.com)
  • This is largely related to the proximity of the subclavian vein to the pleural space and the traditional "blind" or anatomic landmark approach used in subclavian vein cannulation. (ivteam.com)
  • Central vein cannulation is one of the most commonly performed procedures in intensive care. (ivteam.com)
  • Shinde Prajakta D, Jasapara Amish, Bansode Kishan, Bunage Rohit, Mulay Anvay, Shetty Vijay L. A comparative study of safety and efficacy of ultrasound-guided infra-clavicular axillary vein cannulation versus ultrasound-guided internal jugular vein cannulation in adult cardiac surgical patients. (who.int)
  • Background: Ultrasound (US)-guided internal jugular vein (IJV) cannulation is a widely accepted standard procedure. (who.int)
  • The axillary vein (AV) in comparison to the subclavian vein is easily visualized, but its cannulation is not extensively studied in cardiac patients. (who.int)
  • Ultrasound-guided subclavian vein cannulation using a micro-convex ultrasound probe. (medscape.com)
  • Real-time ultrasound-guided subclavian vein cannulation versus the landmark method in critical care patients: a prospective randomized study. (medscape.com)
  • Ultrasound guided infraclavicular axillary vein cannulation, coming of age. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Ultrasound-guided cannulation of the great saphenous vein at the ankle in infants. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Ultrasound-guided internal jugular vein cannulation. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Inexpensive homemade models for ultrasound-guided vein cannulation training. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Surgical exposure and cannulation of the femoral artery and vein is the standard approach for connection to the extracorporeal circulation in minimally invasive valve surgery. (ctsnet.org)
  • These include the thoracoacromial vein , lateral thoracic vein , subscapular vein , anterior circumflex humeral vein and posterior circumflex humeral vein . (radiopaedia.org)
  • In the traditional infraclavicular landmark approach to subclavian vein access, the needle is directed posterior to the clavicle, just underneath the midclavicular line, and toward the suprasternal notch. (emdocs.net)
  • The lower posterior boundary is called the posterior axillary fold and this is a compound structure consisting of the latissimus dorsi and teres major muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are five axillary lymph node groups, namely the lateral (humeral), anterior (pectoral), posterior (subscapular), central and apical nodes. (radiopaedia.org)
  • postnatally, all veins except the pulmonary carry dark unoxygenated blood. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sinus venosus-type atrial septal defect can be associated with anomalous drainage of the upper right pulmonary vein into the superior vena cava. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Surgical correction provides reconstruction of superior vena cava and rerouting of the pulmonary vein into the left atrium. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The Pulmonary Veins, unlike other veins, contain arterial blood, which they return from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart. (theodora.com)
  • the capacity of the pulmonary veins, however, only slightly exceeds that of the pulmonary arteries. (theodora.com)
  • The existing evidence suggests that infraclavicular approach to the axillary vein is a reliable method of central vein catheterization, especially when performed with ultrasound guidance. (ivteam.com)
  • Gawda, R., Czarnik, T. and Łysenko, L. (2016) Infraclavicular access to the axillary vein - new possibilities for the catheterization of the central veins in the intensive care unit. (ivteam.com)
  • Subclavian/axillary vein catheterization - a not commonly performed ED procedure - using ultrasound guidance was next proposed. (emdocs.net)
  • The aim of the current study was to study the application effects of axillary vein catheterization (AVC) in the clinical nursing. (uwi.edu)
  • A retrospective analysis was carried out towards the detailed information of children that were performed AVC, and the related situations of scalp vein catheterization (SVC) and AVC were compared. (uwi.edu)
  • Complications and failures of subclavian-vein catheterization. (medscape.com)
  • Three-step method for ultrasound-guided central vein catheterization. (semanticscholar.org)
  • In this narrative review, we evaluate the usefulness of the infraclavicular access to the axillary vein" Gawda et al (2016). (ivteam.com)
  • Computed tomographic (CT) angiogram showed complete occlusion of the left axillary artery (Figures 1(a) and 1(b) ) by sharp edge of the fractured humerus and distal filling of brachial artery through collaterals. (hindawi.com)
  • The point at which the axillary becomes the brachial is distal to the lower border of teres major. (wikipedia.org)
  • The brachial plexus is an intricate network of nerves described from proximal to distal as follows: Roots (interscalene region), Trunks and Divisions (supraclavicular region), Cords (infraclavicular region) and Terminal Branches (axillary region). (usra.ca)
  • The layout of superficial veins in the forearm is highly variable from person to person, and there are generally a variety of other unnamed superficial veins that the basilic vein communicates with. (wikidoc.org)
  • Along with other superficial veins in the forearm, the basilic vein is a possible site for venipuncture . (wikidoc.org)
  • Superficial veins are affected more than deep veins in upper extremity DVT. (studystack.com)
  • Other tributaries include the subscapular vein, circumflex humeral vein, lateral thoracic vein and thoraco-acromial vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • When his swelling persisted beyond 7 days he requested further intervention, and was offered surgical excision of the affected vein with first rib resection to decompress the thoracic outlet. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • At 3-month follow-up he had no residual swelling of his arm, and was scheduled to undergo positional venography to assess the patency of the subclavian vein and exclude thoracic outlet compression of the vein when he was lost to follow-up. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • An angiogram in a 35-year-old woman with right arm ischemia that demonstrates right subclavian artery occlusion from the medial margin of the first rib to the axillary artery at the level of the humeral head. (medscape.com)
  • With the patient appropriately positioned (see Periprocedural Care , Patient Preparation), an assessment of the surface anatomy is helpful, not only for locating the vein but also for planning the location of the incision if the goal is to implant a pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) . (medscape.com)
  • It is essential to remember that the constant relation of the axillary vein is to the first rib, not to the clavicle or the surface anatomy. (medscape.com)
  • Langer's axillary arch: anatomy, embryological features and surgical implications. (semanticscholar.org)
  • In human anatomy , the basilic vein is a large superficial vein of the upper limb that helps drain parts of hand and forearm . (wikidoc.org)
  • Surface anatomy of palpable lymph node groups: superficial inguinal, axillary, infraclavicular, outer circle of crevical lymph nodes, deep cervical lymph nodes. (slideshare.net)
  • This venogram shows occlusion of the right subclavian vein extending to the first rib, with multiple collateral vessels. (medscape.com)
  • Surgical designation of the three levels of axillary lymph nodes has been defined by the borders of the pectoralis minor muscle which passes over the axillary vessels. (vesalius.com)
  • It is increasingly found in the deep veins of the arm, accounting for more than 10% of all deep vein thromboses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nevertheless, they can progress to the deep veins through the perforator veins or, they can be responsible for a lung embolism mainly if the head of the clot is poorly attached to the vein wall and is situated near the sapheno-femoral junction . (wikipedia.org)
  • they return the blood from these structures, and communicate with the deep veins by perforating the deep fascia. (theodora.com)
  • The Deep Veins accompany the arteries, and are usually enclosed in the same sheaths with those vessels. (theodora.com)
  • It is accompanied along its course by a similarly named artery, the axillary artery, which lies laterally to the axillary vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • The second and third parts of the axillary vein have tributaries that correspond with the branches of the axillary artery . (radiopaedia.org)
  • The basilic vein branches off of what veins? (studystack.com)
  • The axillary block aims to block the terminal branches of the brachial plexus which include the median, ulnar, radial and musculocutaneous nerves. (usra.ca)
  • The branches arising from these plexuses unite together into trunks, and these, in their passage toward the heart, constantly increase in size as they receive tributaries, or join other veins. (theodora.com)
  • Its origin is at the lower margin of the teres major muscle and a continuation of the brachial vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • After passing the lower border of the teres major, the basilic vein becomes the axillary vein. (emdocs.net)
  • There, around the lower border of the teres major muscle, it joins the brachial veins to form the axillary vein . (wikidoc.org)
  • Variations are determined by the position of the musculocutaneous nerve relative to the median nerve and by the position of the ulnar nerve relative to the axillary vein. (nysora.com)
  • It travels in a plane between the biceps and triceps muscles, the same as the median nerve and basilic vein . (wikipedia.org)
  • tissues may fibrose= scarring that binds artery, vein, and nerve. (studystack.com)
  • Imaging revealed an occlusive thrombus in the right axillary, proximal brachial and basilic veins. (arizona.edu)
  • Urgent surgical intervention was done in the form of fixation of fracture followed by exploration and repair of axillary artery. (hindawi.com)
  • Versajet-assisted hydraulic epilation is an ideal surgical procedure for the treatment of axillary osmidrosis that decreases complications and recurrence. (springer.com)
  • Surgical exposure and isolation of the right axillary artery is performed through a limited skin incision 3 cm in length. (ctsnet.org)
  • It tracks medially and inferiorly to join the internal jugular vein as they merge into the brachiocephalic vein. (emdocs.net)
  • it empties into the facial, lingual, or internal jugular vein. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Saline flush test for bedside detection of misplaced subclavian vein catheter into ipsilateral internal jugular vein. (medscape.com)
  • Anatomic relationship between the internal jugular vein and the carotid artery in preschool children--an ultrasonographic study. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The axillary brachial plexus block is relatively simple to perform and may be associated with a lower risk of complications compared with interscalene (eg, spinal cord or vertebral artery puncture) and supraclavicular brachial plexus blocks (eg, pneumothorax). (nysora.com)
  • Importantly, excessive pressure with the transducer during imaging may compress the veins, rendering veins invisible and prone to puncture with the needle. (nysora.com)
  • Axillary Artery (from subclavian artery, goes into the brachial artery). (brainscape.com)
  • Sensory distribution after axillary brachial plexus block. (nysora.com)
  • Moreover, from sonographic landmarks, we showed complete reproducibility of the axillary US-guided brachial plexus block with simple resolution equipment and small volume of anesthetics required. (scielo.br)
  • The lymphatic drainage of the breast is of great importance in the spread of carcinoma and about three-quarters of it is to the axillary nodes. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Axillary lymph nodes: arrangement and drainage area. (slideshare.net)
  • cardinal v's embryonic vessels that include the pre- and postcardinal veins and the ducts of Cuvier (common cardinal veins). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • subcardinal v's paired vessels in the embryo, replacing the postcardinal veins and persisting to some degree as definitive vessels. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • supracardinal v's paired vessels in the embryo developing later than the subcardinal veins and persisting chiefly as the lower segment of the inferior vena cava. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • trabecular v's vessels coursing in splenic trabeculae, formed by tributary pulp veins. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • allantoic veins paired vessels that accompany the allantois, growing out from the primitive hindgut and entering the body stalk of the early embryo. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Several small vessels and nerves penetrate the axillary fat pad caudal to the axillary vein. (vesalius.com)
  • The lymphatics are embedded in the axillary fat pad along with the vessels. (vesalius.com)
  • This vessel ramifies in the substance of the liver and there breaks up into a minute network of capillary-like vessels, from which the blood is conveyed by the hepatic veins to the inferior vena cava. (theodora.com)
  • Computed tomographic angiogram revealed complete occlusion of the left axillary artery. (hindawi.com)
  • An 82-year-old gentleman presented with history of left axillary swelling of 6 months duration. (omicsonline.org)
  • PET CT demonstrated uptake in the left axillary mass, but no other site of primary or metastatic disease ( Figure 1b ). (omicsonline.org)
  • Left axillary lymph node dissection involving level 1-3 nodes were removed. (omicsonline.org)
  • The artery is accompanied by one or more axillary veins, often located medially to the artery. (nysora.com)
  • It then passes in front of the scalenus anterior 1 , where it becomes continuous with the subclavian vein at the lateral border of the first rib 2 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • anterior veins of right ventricle small veins that drain blood from the ventral aspect of the right ventricle and empty into the right atrium. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The anterior boundary is called the anterior axillary fold and this is rounded in shape and formed by the lower border of the pectoralis major . (wikipedia.org)
  • As with the axillary artery, the axillary vein can be divided into three parts by its relation to the pectoralis minor (above, behind or below) 1 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • Lymphatics pass around the edge of the pectoralis major and reach the pectoral group of axillary nodes. (radiopaedia.org)
  • The median, ulnar and radial nerves lie next to the axillary artery and are surrounded by the biceps, coracobrachialis and triceps muscles. (usra.ca)
  • The median, ulnar and radial nerves are situated around the axillary artery and outside of the muscle layers. (usra.ca)
  • Contrast enhanced computed tomography (CECT) of the thorax revealed axillary nodal mass with maintained fat planes with the axillary vein ( Figure 1a ). (omicsonline.org)
  • Although individual nerves can usually be identified this is not absolutely necessary because the deposition of local anesthetic around the axillary artery is sufficient for an effective block. (nysora.com)