Loading...
  • impairments
  • The location and motion of sounds in space are important cues for encoding the auditory world.Relative to healthy older controls, both patient groups exhibited impairments in detection of auditory motion, and stationary sound position discrimination.These findings delineate auditory spatial processing deficits in typical and posterior Alzheimer's disease phenotypes that are related to posterior cortical regions involved in both syndromic variants and modulated by the syndromic profile of brain degeneration. (nih.gov)
  • Like other psychological development disorders, ASD begins in infancy or childhood, has a steady course without remission or relapse, and has impairments that result from maturation-related changes in various systems of the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neural
  • The neural bases of auditory disorders remain poorly understood, impeding development of objective clinical tests. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In animal models of putative behavioral signs of tinnitus, neural activity ranging from auditory nerve to auditory cortex, is studied largely by single unit recordings, augmented by local field potentials (LFPs), and the neural correlates of tinnitus are mainly based on spontaneous neural activity, such as spontaneous firing rates and pair-wise spontaneous spike-firing correlations. (frontiersin.org)
  • deficits
  • Cognitive deficits in patients with schizotypal personality disorder are very similar to, but quantitatively milder than, those for patients with schizophrenia. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the American Psychiatric Association's DSM-5, schizotypal personality disorder is defined as a "pervasive pattern of social and interpersonal deficits marked by acute discomfort with, and reduced capacity for, close relationships as well as by cognitive or perceptual distortions and eccentricities of behavior, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term "lazy ear" has been used to describe amblyaudia although it is currently not known whether it stems from deficits in the auditory periphery (middle ear or cochlea) or from other parts of the auditory system in the brain, or both. (wikipedia.org)
  • abnormal
  • At least five of the following symptoms must be present: ideas of reference, strange beliefs or magical thinking, abnormal perceptual experiences, strange thinking and speech, paranoia, inappropriate or constricted affect, strange behavior or appearance, lack of close friends, and excessive social anxiety that does not abate and stems from paranoia rather than negative judgments about self. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is possible that abnormal auditory input during the first two years of life may increase a child's risk for amblyaudia, although the precise relationship between deprivation timing and development of amblyaudia is still unclear. (wikipedia.org)
  • cognitive
  • In research: The term has become fairly common in psychiatric research, used in the following manner: "Neuropsychological findings in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have been explained in terms of reduced cognitive shifting ability as a result of low levels of frontal inhibitory activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • aphasia
  • One of Freud's earliest papers, On Aphasia (1891), was concerned with the speech disorder the neurological mechanisms of which had been investigated earlier in the century by Paul Broca and Carl Wernicke. (wikipedia.org)
  • paranoid
  • The personality disorders that co-occur most often with schizotypal personality disorder are schizoid, paranoid, avoidant, and borderline. (wikipedia.org)
  • Paranoid schizophrenia is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, but it was dropped from the 5th Edition. (wikipedia.org)
  • nervous system
  • ASHA formally defines APA as "a difficulty in the efficiency and effectiveness by which the central nervous system (CNS) utilizes auditory information. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acquired APD can be caused by any damage to or dysfunction of the central auditory nervous system and can cause auditory processing problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hearing
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the central auditory processing in patients with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss and to observe the change of the central auditory processing ability after using hearing aids. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Researchers are interested in developing better ways of studying what parts of the brain are affected by hearing disorders and epilepsy, and they need better clinical tests to measure how individuals process sound. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • However, factors not strictly related to tinnitus such as hearing loss and hyperacusis, as well as other co-occurring disorders play a prominent role in these changes. (frontiersin.org)
  • Amblyaudia is diagnosed when the scores from the two ears are significantly different with the individual's dominant ear score much higher than the score in the non-dominant ear Researchers interested in understanding the neurophysiological underpinnings of amblyaudia consider it to be a brain based hearing disorder that may be inherited or that may result from auditory deprivation during critical periods of brain development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nevertheless, children with histories of auditory deprivation secondary to these diseases can experience amblyaudia for years after their hearing has been restored. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a disorder related to brain organization and function rather than what is typically considered a "hearing loss" (damage to the cochlea). (wikipedia.org)
  • genetic
  • Genetic Schizotypal personality disorder is widely understood to be a "schizophrenia spectrum" disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Technically speaking, schizotypal personality disorder may also be considered an "extended phenotype" that helps geneticists track the familial or genetic transmission of the genes that are implicated in schizophrenia. (wikipedia.org)
  • But there is also a genetic connection of STPD to mood disorders and depression in particular. (wikipedia.org)
  • dysphonic
  • Aim: To compare the performance of dysphonic women without vocal alterations in auditory processing tests and vocal tonal reproduction test and correlate the auditory processing tests used with the vocal tonal reproduction test. (usp.br)
  • Hoarseness is merely a subjective term to explain the perceptual quality (or sound) of a dysphonic voice. (wikipedia.org)
  • cues
  • Over time, children learn to interpret social cues and respond appropriately but for unknown reasons this process does not work well for people with this disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • evaluate
  • This is a phase 1, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 3 period cross-over study to evaluate CVN058 target engagement by measuring auditory evoked potential mismatch negativity (MMN) downstr. (bioportfolio.com)
  • These tests will allow researchers to examine and evaluate the effects of epilepsy and related disorders on speech and communication. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Individuals
  • Rates of schizotypal personality disorder are much higher in relatives of individuals with schizophrenia than in the relatives of people with other mental illnesses or in people without mentally ill relatives. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are dozens of studies showing that individuals with schizotypal personality disorder score similar to individuals with schizophrenia on a very wide range of neuropsychological tests. (wikipedia.org)
  • Voice Disorders
  • Voice disorders can be divided into 2 broad categories: organic and functional. (wikipedia.org)
  • This therapy is provided by speech-language pathologists or voice coaches and is primarily used to aid in the management of voice disorders to alter voice for the purpose of singing (vocal pedagogy), or for altering the overall quality of voice, as in the case of transgender voice therapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • severity
  • As MMN reductions only emerged in patients with a longer course of illness, and appeared to change with symptom severity, this suggests a dynamic change in the early auditory processing of language over time in schizophrenia. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The specific method of treatment should consider the type and severity of the disorder, as well as individual qualities such as personal and cultural characteristics. (wikipedia.org)
  • delays
  • It may result from ear infections, head injuries or neurodevelopmental delays that affect processing of auditory information. (wikipedia.org)
  • visual
  • Learning multisensory representations for auditory-visual transfer of sequence category knowledge: a probabilistic language of thought approach. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Amblyaudia can be conceptualized as the auditory analog of the better known central visual disorder amblyopia. (wikipedia.org)
  • the function of speech…brings material in the ego into a firm connection with the residues of visual, but more particularly of auditory, perceptions" (p. 35). (wikipedia.org)
  • psychological
  • with insights into how many psychological disorders can be more to do with the physical condition of a person than purely their experiences, attitudes, genetics or learning experiences. (emagister.in)
  • To describe the relevance of neuropsychology to managing psychological disorders. (emagister.in)
  • Notably, an additional subcategory of functional dysphonia recognized by professionals is psychogenic dysphonia, which can be defined as a type of voice disorder that has no known cause and can be presumed to be a product of some sort of psychological stressors in one's environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Psychogenic Psychogenic voice therapy examines the psychological and emotional factors that cause and perpetuate disordered voice, and focuses on modifying those factors to improve voice functioning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cerebral
  • Baclofen is primarily used for the treatment of spastic movement disorders, especially in instances of spinal cord injury, cerebral palsy, and multiple sclerosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • acoustic
  • Introduction: The literature reveals a possible relationship between auditory processing and dysphonia particularly with regard to acoustic voice parameters (frequency, intensity and duration). (usp.br)
  • vocal
  • Early altered auditory feedback devices were large and thus confined to the laboratory or therapy room, but advances in electronics have permitted increasingly portable devices such as Derazne Correctophone, the Edinburgh Masker, the Vocaltech Clinical Vocal Feedback Device, the Fluency Master and the SpeechEasy. (wikipedia.org)
  • language
  • A significant deficit in a child's ability to use and comprehend expressive language may be seen in children who lacked auditory stimulation throughout the critical periods of auditory system development. (wikipedia.org)
  • In other words, the mind is able to assimilate perceptual information through language - we are able to make sense of our perceptions by thinking about them in the form of words. (wikipedia.org)
  • Condition
  • Mean d-prime scores are plotted for each perceptual parameter level/condition for the moving versus stationary and stationary sound position discrimination tasks. (nih.gov)
  • Problems
  • In a family with autosomal dominant epilepsy, seizures which affected the left temporal lobe seemed to cause problems with auditory processing. (wikipedia.org)
  • onset
  • Children with William syndrome appear to have eating/food disorders frequently develop during adolescence or early adulthood, but some reports indicate their onset can occur during childhood or later in adulthood. (blogspot.com)
  • Patients with macropsia have also noted the cessation of auditory function prior to the onset of visual hallucination, indicating possible seizure either before or after the hallucination. (wikipedia.org)
  • behaviors
  • The ADOS consists of various activities that allow you to observe social and communication behaviors related to the diagnosis of pervasive developmental disorders and includes four modules, each requiring just 35 to 40 minutes to administer. (stnickcenter.org)
  • functional
  • Hyde, Peretz and Zatorre (2008) used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in their study to test the involvement of right and left auditory cortical regions in frequency processing of melodic sequences. (wikipedia.org)
  • experience
  • Participants came from three populations differing in their visual-perceptual experience: congenitally blind persons, word-color synesthetes, and sighted non-synesthetes. (blogspot.com)
  • Concerning participants' perceptual experience, an interaction between participant group and item characteristics was found: the effects of both concreteness and lifeworld were more pronounced for blind compared to sighted participants. (blogspot.com)
  • found
  • This tonotopy is in general maintained up to primary auditory cortex in mammals, however it is often found that cells in primary and non-primary auditory cortex have spatio-temporal receptive fields, rather than being strictly responsive or phase-locking their action potentials to narrow frequency regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • As well as finding superior pitch resolution in the right secondary auditory cortex, specific areas found to be involved were the planum temporale (PT) in the secondary auditory cortex, and the primary auditory cortex in the medial section of Heschl's gyrus (HG). (wikipedia.org)
  • Experimentally, it has been found that auditory presentation results in a larger amount of grouping in the responses of individuals, as compared to visual presentation. (wikipedia.org)
  • sound
  • A critical aspect of perceiving distinct sound sources in multi-source environments is the auditory system's ability to separate sounds of interest from other overlapping sounds and background noise. (grantome.com)
  • A major goal of auditory neuroscience is to uncover the neural mechanisms that perform sound source segregation. (grantome.com)
  • The long-term goal of the proposed research is to increase knowledge about the mechanisms of sound source segregation by integrating perceptual and neurophysiological experiments in a lower vertebrate model (frogs) with a unique auditory system and an evolutionary history of solving difficult problems of source segregation. (grantome.com)
  • memory
  • Even when the perceptual mismatch between the track and curtain was small, the "pattern separating" part of CA3 almost completely changed its activity patterns, creating a new memory of the altered environment. (mbbsdost.com)
  • But the "pattern completing" part of CA3 tended to retrieve a similar activity pattern used to encode the original memory, even when the perceptual mismatch increased. (mbbsdost.com)
  • Animal and human studies provide evidence as they report that acute stress impairs the maintenance of short-term memory and working memory and aggravates neuropsychiatric disorders involved in short-term and working memory such as depression and schizophrenia. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • The present study investigated the processing of nouns during an auditory lexical decision task. (blogspot.com)
  • From middle age onward, there are universal changes in the brain affecting perceptual processing," said Etienne de Villers-Sidani, MD, a neurologist and post-doctoral fellow with the UCSF Department of Otolaryngology who was the lead author on the study. (ucsf.edu)
  • mood
  • Research indicates that homosexual males are more complicated than just a momentary good or bad mood, the panic disorder com are much more likely to develop eating/food disorders are, for the panic disorder com, gaining knowledge on the maternally inherited chromosome 15. (blogspot.com)
  • similar
  • Naturally, most of this work is done using mammalian models because their auditory systems are most similar to those of humans. (grantome.com)
  • early
  • Deficits seem to occur because of damage to early-level perceptual processing. (wikipedia.org)
  • A widely postulated mechanism for pitch processing in the early central auditory system is the phase-locking and mode-locking of action potentials to frequencies in a stimulus. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • People who have this disorder often leads to very unhealthy changes in behavior of a week, before they could be waived, but the panic disorder com be siblings, offspring, parents, etc. (blogspot.com)
  • At their core, eating disorders that affect serotonin levels are often uncomfortable in new or unfamiliar environments since they may come on for no discernible reason. (blogspot.com)
  • Children
  • Baird G, Simonoff E, Pickles A, Chandler S, Loucas T, Meldrum D, Charman T (2006) Prevalence of disorders of the autism spectrum in a population cohort of children in South Thames: the Special Needs and Autism Project (SNAP). (springer.com)
  • levels
  • ADOS is the "gold standard" for assessing and diagnosing autism and pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) across ages, developmental levels, and language skills. (stnickcenter.org)
  • problems
  • The disorder appears to be very uncommon in a "pure" or uncomplicated form and is usually accompanied by other complex neuropsychological problems due to the nature of the etiology. (wikipedia.org)