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  • Africa
  • But some of us would be surprised at the number of interesting islands along the Atlantic Coast of Africa. (bellaonline.com)
  • If you follow a map of the northwestern Atlantic coast of Africa, the first islands you will see are Madeira and the tiny island of Porto Santo. (bellaonline.com)
  • Continuing southward, about 350 miles west of the coast of Senegal, is The Republic of Cape Verde, one of only two island nations of Africa that lie in the Atlantic Ocean. (bellaonline.com)
  • Continuing south we find the second island nation of Africa in the Atlantic Ocean - The Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, about 140 miles off the northwestern coast of Gabon. (bellaonline.com)
  • Now we ve finally reached the southern tip of Africa and the country of South Africa, which, still in the Atlantic Ocean, has the nature reserve of Dassen Island, Seal Island favorite resting place of many Cape Fur Seals, and Robben Island, famed for its long history as a prison for political dissenters, including the likes of Nelson Mandela and Jacob Zuma. (bellaonline.com)
  • But South Africa also marks the crossover from the Atlantic Ocean into the Indian Ocean with the sub-antarctic Prince Edward Islands, special nature reserves not allowing visitors, only researchers. (bellaonline.com)
  • The Atlantic Ocean occupies an elongated S-shaped basin that borders Europe and Africa to the east and North and South America to the west. (reference.com)
  • The Atlantic Ocean is located between Africa, Europe, the Arctic Ocean, the Americas and the Southern Ocean. (reference.com)
  • The Atlantic stretches from the top to the bottom of the globe, dividing the continents of the Americas with Africa, Europe, and Asia. (study.com)
  • The tuna that you use to make sandwiches grow particularly large in the Mediterranean Sea, the part of the Atlantic that stretches between southern Europe and northern Africa. (study.com)
  • The TOA DRE of smoke over clouds is large and positive over the southeast Atlantic Ocean off the west coast of Africa, which can be explained by the large decrease of reflected radiation by a polluted cloud, especially in the UV. (knmi.nl)
  • Plankton
  • At the time of the study, plankton community respiration exceeded GP in the picoautotroph dominated oligotrophic regions (Eastern Tropical Atlantic [15.51S-14.21N] and North Atlantic Subtropical Gyre [21.5-42.51N]), which amounted to 50% of the stations sampled along the 12,100km transect. (csic.es)
  • algae
  • Some plants that live in the ocean are kelp, seaweed, seagrass and algae. (reference.com)
  • Anyway that was the Paleocene Eocene Thermal Maximum 55 million years ago, characterized by large changes in geologic processes, especially in the oceans, also with unexplained deposits, like tropical algae and fern remains in the Arctic . (physicsforums.com)
  • abyssal
  • The CTD data sets collected in abyssal channels of the Atlantic Ocean can be downloaded from http://extras.springer.com. (springer.com)
  • Ferromanganese crusts on raised areas of the ocean floor have joined abyssal manganese nodules and hydrothermal sulfides as potential marine resources. (usgs.gov)
  • Atmospheric
  • It has been estimated that natural atmospheric concentrations of CO 2 are almost 200 ppm lower than they would be without the transport of organic material produced in the surface ocean to depth, an ecosystem service driven by mechanisms collectively referred to as the biological carbon pump. (frontiersin.org)
  • Gulf of Mex
  • Hurricane season in the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico doesn't begin until June 1, 2012, but a low pressure area in the Gulf called System 90L, is being watched on February 5 and 6 for possible development into sub-tropical depression although the chances are now slim to none. (nasa.gov)
  • 1998
  • Concurrent measurements of dark community respiration (DCR), gross production (GP), size fractionated primary production (14C PP), nitrogen uptake, nutrients, chlorophyll a concentration, and heterotrophic and autotrophic bacterial abundance were collected from the upper 200m of a latitudinal (321S-481N) transect in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean during May/June 1998. (csic.es)
  • Ballance LT, Pitman RL (1998) Cetaceans of the western tropical Indian Ocean: distribution, relative abundance, and comparisons with cetacean communities of two other tropical ecosystems. (springer.com)
  • Aerosols
  • The direct radiative effect (DRE) of absorbing aerosols is negative (cooling) at the top-of-the-atmosphere (TOA) over a dark surface like the ocean, as the aerosols increase the planetary albedo, but it is positive (warming) over bright backgrounds like clouds. (knmi.nl)
  • Geoscience
  • Published in the journal Nature Geoscience the research found that North Atlantic warming throughout the 1990s coincided with a shift to wetter summers in the UK and northern Europe and drier, hotter summers around the Mediterranean. (planetsave.com)
  • Chemistry
  • This study aims to quantify the evolution of shallow subsurface ocean carbonate chemistry in the Norwegian Sea over the past 135 kyr, using the boron isotopic composition (δ 11 B) recorded in fossil shells of the polar planktic foraminifer Neogloboquadrina pachyderma . (nature.com)
  • circulation
  • The circulation of water through the Atlantic Ocean during the last Ice Age was faster than previously assumed, and stronger than it currently is today, according to new research led by environmental physicists at Heidelberg University, Germany. (planetsave.com)
  • At the same time cold water close to Europe sinks and is pulled back into the ocean, as part of a continuous circulation. (planetsave.com)
  • While thorium is deposited directly in the sediment at the Ocean's floor, the protactinium follows the circulation and is carried by the deep sea current from the North Atlantic. (planetsave.com)
  • According to Dr. Lippold, at the time of the largest global ice coverage during the Ice Age some 20,000 years ago, there was less proctactinium-231, which points to an increase in the Atlantic circulation. (planetsave.com)
  • These interhemispheric climate patterns may be explained by variations in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and associated changes in the northward heat export 6 . (nature.com)
  • However, general circulation models (GCMs) fail to reproduce these strong positive DRE, and in general GCMs disagree on the magnitude and even sign of the aerosol DRE in the southeast Atlantic region. (knmi.nl)
  • suggests
  • A recent discovery of a subduction zone caused by shifting tectonic plates off the Iberian Peninsula suggests that the Atlantic Ocean may be shrinking at a rate that would allow the European and North American continents to meet in about 220 million years. (reference.com)
  • The North Atlantic warming and cooling cycles are known as the Atlantic Multi-Decadal Oscillation (AMO) and new research from the University of Reading suggests that the warming cycle that has been in place since the 1990s may be the cause of the wetter summers the UK and northern Europe have been encountering lately. (planetsave.com)
  • The elemental reconstruction suggests the primary lead transient was advected to the western North Atlantic from 1955 to 1968, with an inferred maximum lead concentration of 205 pmol kg-1 in 1971. (mit.edu)
  • tropical
  • (CNN) -- Tropical Depression Four is expected to strengthen slightly Tuesday as it churns in the Atlantic Ocean east of the Lesser Antilles, the National Hurricane Center said. (cnn.com)
  • The leading oceanographic institutes of Ukraine are holding extensive and very valuable information on the species diversity and spatial-temporal variability of physical, chemical and biological characteristics from the World's Tropical Ocean. (bodc.ac.uk)
  • biological
  • Here we quantify potential reductions in carbon sequestration fluxes in the North Atlantic Ocean through the biological carbon pump over the twenty-first century, using two independent biogeochemical models, driven by low and high IPCC AR5 carbon emission scenarios. (frontiersin.org)
  • found
  • The types of plants that are predominantly found in the Atlantic Ocean include kelp and phytoplanktons. (reference.com)
  • Kelp forests are commonly found at the bottom of ocean floors where barnacles, sponges, starfish, clams and sea-anemones live. (reference.com)
  • Cod, which are famous for being delicious in fried fish and chips, can be found in huge schools in Atlantic Canada. (study.com)
  • South Atlan
  • Brilliant streaks of blue and duller swirls of green color the South Atlantic Ocean in this Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer ( MODIS ) image, taken on January 4, 2005, by NASA's Terra satellite. (nasa.gov)
  • Falkland Islands , also called Malvinas Islands or Spanish Islas Malvinas , internally self-governing overseas territory of the United Kingdom in the South Atlantic Ocean . (britannica.com)
  • data
  • Several people provided information from unpublished databases for use in this analysis: M.A. Daher (W.A. Watkins Caribbean data), R.D. Kenney and H. Pettis (North Atlantic Right Whale Consortium/CeTAP), W.A. McLellan (UNC-Wilmington aerial survey data), and J.G. Mead (SEUS MMEP records). (springer.com)
  • largest
  • The Atlantic Ocean spans approximately 41,500,000 square miles and is the second largest ocean in the world. (reference.com)
  • Without considering oceans, the largest sea in the world is the Philippine Sea, with an area of about 2 million square miles. (reference.com)
  • It is the second largest ocean in the world. (reference.com)
  • This ocean was the Atlantic, the second-largest body of water in the world, and the voyage took awhile because Columbus traveled across the Atlantic Ocean in three ships that were each about two or three times the size of a school bus. (study.com)
  • With so much space to swim around, many of the largest creatures in the world call this ocean home. (study.com)
  • The Atlantic is the second-largest ocean in the world. (study.com)
  • patterns
  • The Atlantic produces both hurricanes and icebergs due to the weather patterns that warm and cool different regions of the ocean. (study.com)
  • The results are very different from commonly-accepted patterns of distribution for the genus in the Atlantic. (springer.com)
  • Science
  • When we have hundreds of them, or thousands of them, it will revolutionize how we can observe the oceans ,' says Jerry L. Miller, a senior policy analyst at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, who accompanied the research team to Spain. (slashdot.org)
  • Joint Program in Oceanography/Applied Ocean Science and Engineering. (mit.edu)
  • North
  • What three oceans border North America? (reference.com)
  • Scotland was still bound to the eastern flank of North America around 65 million years ago, but yet another substantial re-arrangement of the continents created the North Atlantic Ocean. (snh.org.uk)
  • The previous North Atlantic warm phase also saw a run of wet summers over the UK with notable events including the August 1952 Lynmouth floods and severe flooding during August 1948 which closed the east coast mainline railway for three months. (planetsave.com)
  • At the north and south poles, the Atlantic Ocean can become solid ice. (study.com)
  • On 22 July 2011 an Air France A340-300 en route over the North Atlantic at FL350 in night IMC encountered moderate turbulence following "inappropriate use of the weather radar" which led to an overspeed annunciation followed by the aircraft abruptly pitching up and gaining over 3000 feet in less than a minute before control was regained and it was returned to the cleared level. (skybrary.aero)
  • Sedimentary basins in the North Atlantic Ocean preserve a record of intermittent uplift during Cenozoic times. (physicsforums.com)
  • The carbon flux at 1000 m (the depth at which it is assumed that carbon is sequestered) in the North Atlantic was estimated to decline between 27 and 43% by the end of the century, depending on the biogeochemical model and the emission scenario considered. (frontiersin.org)
  • In monetary terms, the value of this loss in carbon sequestration service in the North Atlantic was estimated to range between US$170-US$3000 billion in abatement (mitigation) costs and US$23-US$401 billion in social (adaptation) costs, over the twenty-first century. (frontiersin.org)
  • The mean 1999 North Atlantic seawater concentration (38 pmol kg-1) is equivalent to 1905, several decades prior to the initial consumption of leaded gasoline in the United States. (mit.edu)
  • carbon
  • We highlight the largely unrecognized economic importance of the natural, blue carbon sequestration service provided by the open ocean, which is predicted to undergo significant anthropogenic-driven change. (frontiersin.org)
  • The evolution of surface ocean pCO 2 in key locations can therefore provide important clues for understanding the ocean's role in Pleistocene carbon cycling. (nature.com)
  • large
  • The influx of nutrients allows large blooms to develop frequently in this section of the southern Atlantic, off the coast of Argentina and Uruguay. (nasa.gov)
  • west
  • Additional nutrients are fed into this part of the ocean by the Rio de la Plata, which empties into the Atlantic immediately west of the region shown in this image. (nasa.gov)
  • research
  • This work was funded through the Atlantic Seal Research Programme, International Governance Programme (GBS and MOH), the Greenland Institute of Natural Resources (ARA), and a CFI grant to YFW. (plos.org)
  • primary
  • To constrain nutrient utilization, a primary control on the pCO 2 in the surface ocean, we also analysed Cd/Ca and δ 13 C in N. pachyderma . (nature.com)