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  • process of atherosclerosis
  • Aortic plaques are a manifestation of the general process of atherosclerosis in which there is a progressive accumulation of cholesterol and other lipids in the intimal-medial layer of the aorta with secondary inflammation, repetitive fibrous tissue deposition, and eventually luminal surface erosions and appearance of often mobile thrombi protruding into the lumen of the aorta. (springer.com)
  • This pathology is characterized by accumulation of lipid layers on the coronary artery walls through a process of atherosclerosis, resulting in limitation of blood flow to the cardiac tissue, which may cause hypoxia of this tissue and, in more critical situations, lead to cardiac muscle death 4 , 5 . (scielo.br)
  • abdominal
  • Retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) is a rare disease characterized by proliferation of an abnormal fibroinflammatory tissue, which usually surrounds the infrarenal portion of the abdominal aorta, inferior vena cava and iliac vessels. (eurorad.org)
  • carotid
  • Aortic (Ao) and carotid (Ca) atherosclerosis (Athero) and cerebrovascular disease (CVD) are common and associated with high morbidity and mortality in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). (ahajournals.org)
  • It was not until the early 1950s that Harvard neurologist C. Miller Fisher 1 stressed the importance of carotid artery atherosclerosis as a major cause of cerebral infarction. (ahajournals.org)
  • 3 Despite the established importance of these 2 causes of stroke, carotid disease and atrial fibrillation, nearly half of strokes were listed as "of undetermined cause" in a large stroke registry as recently as 1989. (ahajournals.org)
  • Carotid and aortic wall lumen areas were matched across the time-points from cross-sectional images. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Thoracic
  • Transesophageal echocardiography remains the gold standard for visualization of aortic plaques in the thoracic aorta. (springer.com)
  • 2010 ACCF/AHA/AATS/ACR/ASA/SCA/SCAI/SIR/STS/SVM Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of patients with thoracic aortic disease. (springer.com)
  • ultrasonography
  • At entry, together with standard clinical and biochemical analyses, patients underwent echocardiography and aortic PWV measured by Doppler ultrasonography. (ahajournals.org)
  • distal
  • Nine normal pigs (normal factor VIII antigen, VIII R:AG, and ristocetin co-factor, VIII:RWF) had a mean of 21% atherosclerotic involvement of the distal aortic surface and a 4.5% mean involvement of the entire aorta. (ahajournals.org)
  • Five homozygous vWd pigs (undetected VIII R:AG and VIII:RWF) had a mean of 4.2% atherosclerotic involvement of the distal aortic surface and 1.2% involvement of the entire aorta (p less than 0.01, rank sum test). (ahajournals.org)
  • 0.001
  • Analysis reflecting division of the study subjects into A / NA subsets showed that all studied miRNA s are upregulated in atherosclerosis, with p values ranging from 0.001 for miR-133b, to 0.01 for miR-146a, miR-181b & let-7a, to 0.02 for miR-21, miR-29b & miR-150, up to 0.03 for miR-155. (linkos.cz)
  • 2017
  • Global, regional, and national age-sex-specific mortality for 282 causes of death in 195 countries and territories, 1980-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. (springer.com)