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  • Consequently
  • Climate change is indeed predicted to have a profound effect on aflatoxin contamination of food and feed crops," said Joao, adding that, "Consequently, any reduction in precipitation level or increment in temperature is expected to make aflatoxin problem more acute. (ipsnews.net)
  • risk
  • Three factors overwhelmingly influence a woman's risk of developing a solid tumor that invades her breast tissue and threatens to spread, says UCLA oncologist Patricia Ganz: her age, genetic makeup and lifetime exposure to estrogen. (medicalxpress.com)
  • More recent studies also disclosed excess risk of lung cancer death resulting from occupational exposure to Cr(VI) compounds [ 13 , 14 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Children could be more at risk than people exposed later in life because of the long latency period between exposure and onset of asbestos-related respiratory disease. (pintas.com)
  • There was no consistent trend of case fatality rate with exposure level, although increasing exposure increased the risk of Ebola virus disease. (bmj.com)
  • Heightened cortisol levels characteristic of the doves were related to lower attention problems but also put them at risk for developing anxiety and depression over time. (rochester.edu)
  • Since the concentration of pathogens in the current study was higher than QMRA risk levels, yet the prevalence of water-related diseases between control and greywater users was similar, we believe that QMRA can be used as a conservative benchmark toward establishing regulations governing greywater reuse," Gross says. (eurekalert.org)
  • The Control of Vibration at Work Regulations 2005 place a duty on employers to reduce the risk to their employees' health from exposure to vibration, whether this is caused by the use of hand-held or hand-guided power equipment, holding materials which are being processed by machines or caused by the sitting or standing on industrial machines or vehicles. (bureauveritas.co.uk)
  • This allows them to manage the risk of exposure more efficiently and more effectively. (bureauveritas.co.uk)
  • It will enable our clients to manage their regulatory requirements for health and safety vibration across the whole company and quickly identify which employees are using which equipment and for how long to manage the risk of exposure. (bureauveritas.co.uk)
  • Fetuses are known to be at particularly high risk of methylmercury exposure. (mdpi.com)
  • urine
  • The reproductive endocrine status can be determined by measuring levels of follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, testosterone, and prolactin in circulation or in the urine. (cdc.gov)
  • Fate of UV filter Ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate in rat model and human urine: Metabolism, exposure and demographic associations. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Serum and urine samples were collected to determine chromium levels by graphite furnaces atomic absorption spectrometer chromium analyzer. (hindawi.com)
  • To verify the accuracy of their estimates, they compared their calculated pesticide exposures to the actual levels of pesticide metabolites (breakdown products) excreted in the urine of a subset of 720 participants. (mercola.com)
  • According to data 7 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 75 percent of the US population has detectable levels of OPs in their urine, and unless you're a farmer, or live near one, your diet is one of the most likely routes of exposure. (mercola.com)
  • estimate
  • This Exposure Investigation was conducted with the Illinois Department of Natural Resources (IDNR) to estimate potential exposure levels to individuals who utilize the beach areas at IBSP by measuring exposure during simulated activities. (pintas.com)
  • We used Poisson regression to analyze births and malformations to estimate the association between maternal exposure to VOCs adjusting for sex, mother's age, race, education, parity, and prenatal care. (nih.gov)
  • dose
  • Objectives To assess the frequency of fatal recrudescence from Ebola virus disease after discharge from treatment centres, and explore the influence of infecting dose on case fatality rates. (bmj.com)
  • Exposure level to Ebola virus disease was ascertained as a proxy of infecting dose, including for those who died. (bmj.com)
  • There was no evidence for an effect of infecting dose (as measured by exposure level) on the severity of disease. (bmj.com)
  • Assessments
  • Vulnerability assessments combine quantitative and qualitative evaluations of the exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity of species or natural communities to current and future threats. (bioportfolio.com)
  • chronic
  • The World Health Organization estimates that one in every 12 deaths worldwide is due to chemical exposure, sometimes acute but mostly chronic. (theconversation.com)
  • depression
  • Participants] who completed therapy were not different from their counterparts who discontinued treatment in terms of any anxiety-related variables (eg, symptom severity, avoidance, strength of negative cognitions, and depression) assessed prior to treatment," Dr. Davies said. (primarypsychiatry.com)
  • asbestos
  • Describes asbestos exposure and disease. (ehso.com)
  • The Adeline Jay Geo-Karis Illinois Beach State Park, located in Zion, Illinois, is reported to have levels of asbestos in beach sands. (pintas.com)
  • Mesothelioma lawyers at Pintas & Mullins Law Firm warn the public that exposure to asbestos may result in the development of fatal diseases, such as lung cancer, asbestosis, and mesothelioma. (pintas.com)
  • If you suspect exposure of any kind, contact an asbestos attorney immediately for a free legal consultation. (pintas.com)
  • The defender had no factual witnesses of their own, but there was a note in Mrs Thacker's medical records to the effect that, when advised of her diagnosis of mesothelioma, she could not recall any asbestos exposure. (clydeco.com)
  • On the basis she was 5 to 10 yards from those working with the asbestos blankets her likely exposure would be between 1 and 3 fibres/ml. (clydeco.com)
  • adolescents
  • Cotinine levels for nonsmoking adults fell 75 percent, but decreased just 58 percent for children and 55 percent for adolescents. (headlice.org)
  • Further efforts to reduce exposure to children, adolescents and non-Hispanic blacks are warranted, Jackson said. (headlice.org)
  • participants
  • Study participants -- greywater users and the non-greywater-using control group -- were required to complete a weekly health questionnaire for a year, as well as a preliminary lifestyle questionnaire to assess their exposure level to greywater or potable water used in garden irrigation. (eurekalert.org)
  • Participants' organophosphate levels were estimated using USDA data 2 on the average levels of pesticide residue found in the fruits and vegetables that each individual reported eating. (mercola.com)
  • toxic effects
  • The impact of toxic exposure on several aspects of male reproductive functions were discussed: toxic effects on male reproductive systems have been observed in the neuroendocrine system, the testes, the accessory sex glands and sexual functions. (cdc.gov)
  • Overall, these data indicated that the acute toxic effects of DBP exposure on neonates were more pronounced than in adults, and oxidative injury may be the main mechanism of DBP toxicity. (peerj.com)
  • Differences in exposure sources, the affected organs, toxic effects, and metabolism are seen among the various chemical forms of mercury. (mdpi.com)
  • potential
  • The proposed work will, for the first time, provide activity-based analytical tools for assessing potential EDC exposure in complex environmental mixtures. (epa.gov)
  • An important component of our proposed work is the linkage between mechanistic analytical methods (defining potential exposure) and sensitive laboratory and field bioassays (defining actual exposure). (epa.gov)
  • Finally, our focus on wastewater-impacted salt-marsh systems is novel and will generate new scientific knowledge related to potential EDC exposure in these environments. (epa.gov)
  • researchers
  • According to IITA researchers, exposure to mycotoxins is an important constraint to improving the health and well-being of people in Africa where high levels of aflatoxin contamination have been confirmed. (ipsnews.net)
  • Researchers say high temperatures and drought conditions favour the growth of fungus, while poor farming practises and food insecurity status of many people in sub-Saharan Africa increase their exposure to aflatoxin contamination. (ipsnews.net)
  • higher
  • for example levels of 2-methylfuran in coffee can be four times higher than furan. (europa.eu)
  • Some studies have confirmed that organic foods tend to contain higher levels of nutrients like vitamins and minerals, while others found the nutritional difference between them wasn't particularly impressive. (mercola.com)
  • Zip codes with aerial pyrethroid exposure were 37% more likely to have higher rates of ASD/DD (adjusted RR = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.06-1.78, p = 0.02). (beyondpesticides.org)
  • The frequency was 2.5 to 4.0 GHz and the exposure levels, while low compared to accepted exposure standards, were higher than typical present-day exposures of the public to, for example, cell phone base stations, so the study has relevance to current issues of health effects. (biomedcentral.com)
  • sensitivity
  • Doves with parents who fought violently produced elevated levels of cortisol, a hormone that is thought to increase a person's sensitivity to stress. (rochester.edu)
  • repetitive
  • This idea has now gathered a large body of supportive evidence showing that repetitive mild stress exposure has anti-aging effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • effects
  • Emphasis was placed on assessing parameters of fecundity rather than fertility in considering the reproductive effects of exposure. (cdc.gov)
  • Therefore, this study strongly supports hair analysis as a reliable tool to be used during epidemiological studies to investigate exposure-associated adverse health effects. (springer.com)
  • Styrene is an established neurotoxicant at occupational levels, but effects at levels relevant to the general population have not been studied. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The effect of climate change on European air quality levels has been investigated in earlier studies, for example, [ 6 , 7 ], but larger effects can be expected over urban areas and during pollution episodes [ 8 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Studies that address climate change effects on urban air quality and population exposure are only recently published. (hindawi.com)
  • We also assess the effects of different traffic solutions on future urban air quality. (hindawi.com)
  • Forbes VE, Calow P (1999) Is the per capita rate of increase a good measure of population-level effects in ecotoxicology? (springer.com)
  • Effects of Radon and UV Exposure on Skin Cancer Mortality in Switzerland. (cambridge.org)
  • consumption
  • Dietary exposure is typically calculated by combining food consumption data with occurrence data. (europa.eu)
  • Exposure to aflatoxin through consumption of contaminated foods is a combination of unawareness, poverty and poor enforcement of standards by governments. (ipsnews.net)
  • Exposure in other population groups is mainly from consumption of grain-based foods and coffee, depending on age and consumer habits. (europa.eu)
  • toxicity
  • There are some knowledge gaps about the toxicity of furan and methylfurans and about exposure to them. (europa.eu)
  • These models allow for toxicity measures that are independent of exposure time, make efficient use of the available data from routine toxicity tests, and are better suited for educated extrapolations (e.g., from individual to population, and from continuous to pulse exposure). (springer.com)
  • illnesses
  • Following this initial study, Prof. Gross recommends further research involving a larger population to enhance the statistical power of and enable elaboration on the possible connections between gastrointestinal illnesses and exposure to greywater. (eurekalert.org)
  • actual
  • It was recommended by the EPA that additional sampling be conducted using a scenario that may reflect intensive recreational activities, to better characterize actual exposures. (pintas.com)
  • high levels
  • While some studies have shown that acrylamide in very high doses caused cancer in animals and nerve damage in people exposed to very high levels at work, acrylamide levels in food are much lower. (doctoroz.com)
  • Children exposed to high levels of interparental aggression at home showed different reactions to the telephone quarrel. (rochester.edu)
  • High levels of oxidative stress have been linked by some with the increased incidence of a variety of diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the other hand, workers at artisanal small-scale gold mining sites and gold shops in Amazon River regions can be exposed to high levels of elemental mercury, as they often have to heat gold-mercury amalgams to evaporate the mercury and obtain the gold [ 2 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • important
  • Other conditions can also develop particularly from hardwood dust such as Cancer - particularly of the nose which is why it's very important to be aware of the workplace exposure limits and assess your workforce on a regular basis. (euroenvironmental.co.uk)
  • The level of furan in toast increases with toasting time and with the degree of browning, albeit toast is a less important contributor to overall furan exposure. (europa.eu)
  • Describes
  • This study protocol describes the methodologies used for characterising exposure of children to EMF-NIR in the INMA (INfancia y Medio Ambiente- Environment and Childhood) Project, a prospective cohort study. (eur.nl)
  • Dr Knutsen said: "Our opinion describes how cooking practices could reduce dietary exposure to furan and methylfurans, bearing in mind that consumers are exposed to them in a variety of foods. (europa.eu)
  • adults
  • Children had cotinine levels that were more than twice as high as levels in adults, and non-Hispanic blacks had more than twice the levels of either Mexican Americans or non-Hispanic whites. (headlice.org)
  • CDC officials said the overall declines in exposure level support the effectiveness of public health efforts, but added that these efforts have focused on adults at work or in restaurants. (headlice.org)
  • The LC 50 of adults for the same DBP exposure durations were 4.92 and 4.31 mg/L, respectively. (peerj.com)
  • Infants and children may be more vulnerable than adults to exposure in communities faced with environmental contamination. (pintas.com)