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  • populations
  • In the 1990s, a book published by the National Research Council (NRC) titled Pesticides in the Diets of Infants and Children (NRC 1993) and the passage of the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 ( FQPA 1996 ) were hailed as two major milestones in the United States in recognizing the need for systematic efforts in reducing pesticide exposure in vulnerable populations, especially infants and children. (nih.gov)
  • infants
  • After the NRC report, the newly enacted FQPA aimed to fundamentally change U.S. policies in governing the acceptability of pesticide residues in foods and required the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to assure the public that there is a "reasonable certainty of no harm" from pesticide exposures for pregnant women, infants, children, and other vulnerable groups. (nih.gov)
  • Study
  • We measured pesticide residues in 24-hr duplicate food samples collected from a group of 46 young children participating in the Children's Pesticide Exposure Study (CPES). (nih.gov)
  • and K. Zhang (Food and Drug Administration [FDA], Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition) for their contributions in the Children's Pesticide Exposure Study. (nih.gov)
  • patterns related
  • The published reviews provided evidence for the pediatric population (included 7 studies of which 2 overlapped with those in the NEL review) and further evidence for dietary patterns related to the Mediterranean-style diet and its effect on obesity and weight loss (all randomized trials of which 1 out of the 16 studies overlapped with the NEL review). (health.gov)
  • components
  • The National Cancer Institute (NCI) invites applications for new R01 grants focusing on research to critically evaluate the use of exfoliated cells to monitor the physiological effects of dietary bioactive food components thought to be involved with cancer prevention. (nih.gov)
  • Components of the dietary patterns associated with these favorable outcomes include higher intakes of unsaturated fats and lower intakes of saturated fats, cholesterol, and sodium. (health.gov)
  • foods
  • They estimated that exposure to glutamates added to food may exceed the proposed ADI for individuals of all population groups whose diet is high in foods containing these additives, as well as for toddlers and children with medium exposure. (europa.eu)
  • 3 suggest that dietary patterns in childhood or adolescence that are higher in energy-dense and low-fiber foods, such as sweets, refined grains, and processed meats, as well as sugar-sweetened beverages, whole milk, fried potatoes, certain fats and oils, and fast foods increase the risk of obesity later on in life. (health.gov)
  • nutrients
  • Dr. Scrafford has designed, conducted, and analyzed data from clinical trials, market basket surveys, and customized surveys on food consumption patterns and has experience in conducting dietary risk assessments for novel food ingredients, nutrients, heavy metals, and contaminants. (exponent.com)
  • beneficial
  • Part of the difficulties in assessing the beneficial effects of polyphenols in in vivo or epidemiological studies is related to poor understanding of their bioavailability and metabolism in human physiological system [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • However, some dietary patterns may be more beneficial in the long-term for cardiometabolic health. (health.gov)
  • risks
  • Another difficulty in assessing the role of polyphenol in in vivo and epidemiological studies is the lack or inaccuracies in the measurement of bioavailable and effective polyphenols, which may lead to weaker or even spurious correlations between exposure and disease risks [ 5 , 13 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • besides
  • Dietary habits and lifestyles, besides genetic susceptibility and screening intensity, were thought to be etiological factors accounting for the substantial geographic variation. (peerj.com)
  • toxic
  • Furthermore, direct and indirect contact with PFAA-containing materials such as oil and water-resistant materials, detergents, paints, and fabrics causes high exposure of humans to their toxic properties [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • different
  • For the different dietary approaches (provided either as part of a comprehensive lifestyle change intervention carried out by a multi-disciplinary team of trained professionals or within nutrition interventions conducted by nutrition professionals) that the authors of the report evaluated, it is evident that all prescribed diets that achieved an energy deficit were associated with weight loss. (health.gov)
  • variety
  • Disruptions of the HPG axis, including reductions in serum luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), testosterone, DHT, and E2 have been observed in a variety of species following 17B -TBOH exposure. (steroidabuse.org)
  • The DGAC concurs with the 2013 AHA/ACC/TOS Guideline for the Management of Overweight and Obesity 1 that strong evidence demonstrates that, preferably as part of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention carried out by multidisciplinary teams of professionals or nutrition professionals, overweight and obese adults can achieve weight loss through a variety of dietary patterns that achieve an energy deficit. (health.gov)
  • In the NHLBI Obesity Report, the 12 randomized studies described in summary Table 3.1 of the report all confirm that to lose weight, a variety of dietary pattern approaches can be used and a reduction in caloric intake is required. (health.gov)
  • high
  • Synthesized analysis of 11 studies on high stage PCa and 8 studies on chicken exposure also demonstrated null association. (peerj.com)
  • studies
  • More evidence should be collected by utilizing biomarkers of exposure for polyphenols in future epidemiological studies before a clear conclusion can be made. (hindawi.com)
  • safety
  • EFSA re-assessed the safety of glutamates used as food additives and derived a group acceptable daily intake (ADI) of 30 mg/kg body weight per day for all six of these additives. (europa.eu)
  • Dr. Scrafford has developed GRAS notifications, Food Additive Petitions (FAPs), and Color Additive Petitions (CAPs) in support of pre-market approval submissions to the U.S. FDA as well as regulatory submissions to other international authoritative bodies by providing evaluations of the human safety data and conducting dietary exposure assessments. (exponent.com)
  • daily
  • Weight loss achieved by dietary techniques aimed at reducing daily energy intake ranges from 4 to 12 kg at 6-month follow-up. (health.gov)