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  • aortic
  • While esophageal fistula formation in the adjacent organs is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality, the management of non-aortic arterio-esophageal fistula has not been frequently reported. (springeropen.com)
  • When patients with esophageal cancer, especially those with a history of radiotherapy and/or mediastinitis, present with hematemesis and/or hemoptysis, the possibility of non-aortic arterio-esophageal fistula should be considered. (springeropen.com)
  • Although patients with esophageal cancer may suffer lethal bleeding due to aortic arterio-esophageal fistula (AEF), the management of non-aortic AEF has not been frequently reported. (springeropen.com)
  • Primary outcome measures will be changes in 1) arterial stiffness measured by aortic pulse wave velocity, 2) oxidative stress assessed by plasma F 2 isoprostanes and 3) inflammation measured by plasma pentraxin-3. (biomedcentral.com)
  • carotid
  • Surgical construction of one common carotid to a jugular vein fistula through a large side-to-side anastomosis facilitates the flow across the rete ( Fig 1A ). (ajnr.org)
  • injuries
  • Vascular injuries resulting from road traffic accident and other forms of trauma and sudden arterial occlusions due to thrombo-embolism are treated on an emergency basis. (gov.bd)
  • blood
  • The pressure in the arterial system decreases steadily, highest in the aorta and lowest in the venous system, as blood approaches the heart after delivery of oxygen to tissues in the systemic circulation. (lumenlearning.com)
  • Arterial elasticity gives rise to the Windkessel effect, which helps to maintain a relatively constant pressure in the arteries despite the pulsating nature of blood flow. (lumenlearning.com)
  • Pressure
  • The arterial system is the higher-pressure portion of the circulatory system, with pressure varying between the peak pressure during heart contraction ( systolic pressure ) and the minimum (diastolic) pressure between contractions when the heart expands and refills. (lumenlearning.com)
  • The peak arterial pressure during heart contraction. (lumenlearning.com)
  • The minimum arterial pressure between contractions, when the heart expands and refills. (lumenlearning.com)
  • Arterial pressure varies between the peak pressure during heart contraction, called the systolic pressure, and the minimum or diastolic pressure between contractions, when the heart expands and refills. (lumenlearning.com)
  • side
  • A microcatheter placed in the right APA serves as the arterial side of the AVM model (Note. (ajnr.org)
  • The fistula was crossed from LA side with an angulated 0.032" × 260 cm glide wire (Terumo Medical corp, Somerset, NJ). (alliedacademies.org)
  • Case
  • We are reporting a case with central cyanosis with structurally normal heart on 2-dimensional (2D) echo which subsequently was diagnosed as a case of RPA to LA fistula. (alliedacademies.org)