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  • Broca's
  • German: [ˈvɛʁnɪkə]), also called Wernicke's speech area, is one of the two parts of the cerebral cortex that are linked to speech (the other is Broca's area). (wikipedia.org)
  • It is involved in the comprehension or understanding of written and spoken language (in contrast to Broca's area that is involved in the production of language). (wikipedia.org)
  • While previously thought to connect Wernicke's area and Broca's area, new research demonstrates that the arcuate fasciculus instead connects to posterior receptive areas with premotor/motor areas, and not to Broca's area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consistent with the word recognition site identified in brain imaging, the uncinate fasciculus connects anterior superior temporal regions with Broca's area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neuroimaging suggests the functions earlier attributed to Wernicke's area occur more broadly in the temporal lobe and indeed happen also in Broca's area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Together with BA44, BA45 comprises Broca's area , a region that is active in semantic tasks, such as semantic decision tasks (determining whether a word represents an abstract or a concrete entity) and generation tasks (generating a verb associated with a noun ). (wikipedia.org)
  • found that the pars triangularis in Broca's area is actually larger than the same region in the right side of the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Formulas
  • There are several well-known formulas for the areas of simple shapes such as triangles, rectangles, and circles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using these formulas, the area of any polygon can be found by dividing the polygon into triangles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Formulas for the surface areas of simple shapes were computed by the ancient Greeks, but computing the surface area of a more complicated shape usually requires multivariable calculus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main formula can be specialized to different classes of surfaces, giving, in particular, formulas for areas of graphs z = f ( x , y ) and surfaces of revolution . (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001
  • One of the most famous interface areas is Holy Cross in the Ardoyne area of Belfast, which was the site of significant disputes in 2001 and 2002. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trouble in the area has been a regular feature with petrol bombs thrown in 2000 and 2001 after local UDA Brigadier Jimbo Simpson claimed that republican housing was starting to encroach into Tiger's Bay. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further north another major flashpoint exists between the republican Ardoyne area and the loyalist Glenbryn estate, with this clash reaching its apex in the Holy Cross dispute of 2001 and 2002. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although not strictly an interface as the areas on each side of it are majority Catholic according to the 2001 and 2011 censuses, Ormeau Bridge became the focus of clashes in the 1990s. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2001 the population density of the urban area was 3,949.2 people per km 2 by 2011 this had increased slightly to 4,092 people per km 2 . (wikipedia.org)
  • Killamarsh , Thorpe Hesley and Eckington were separate urban areas in the 1991/2001 censuses. (wikipedia.org)
  • cortical
  • Scientists have constructed maps of cortical areas on the basis of variations in the appearance of the layers as seen with a microscope. (wikipedia.org)
  • Comparing the neural response between faces and scrambled faces will reveal areas that are face-responsive, while comparing cortical activation between faces and objects will reveal areas that are face-selective. (wikipedia.org)
  • That is, these regions tend to vary in size and shape much more than other areas of the brain, such as deep cortical nuclei. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus
  • Thus areas can be measured in square metres (m2), square centimetres (cm2), square millimetres (mm2), square kilometres (km2), square feet (ft2), square yards (yd2), square miles (mi2), and so forth. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some amusement parks - Disney Parks being a prime example - queue areas can be elaborately decorated, with holding areas fostering anticipation, thus shortening the perceived wait for people in the queue by giving them something interesting to look at as they wait, or the perception that they have arrived at the threshold of the attraction. (wikipedia.org)
  • square kilometres
  • Similarly: 1 square yard = 9 square feet 1 square mile = 3,097,600 square yards = 27,878,400 square feet In addition, conversion factors include: 1 square inch = 6.4516 square centimetres 1 square foot = 0.09290304 square metres 1 square yard = 0.83612736 square metres 1 square mile = 2.589988110336 square kilometres There are several other common units for area. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has a population of 6,321,398 people and covers an area of 5,335.97 square kilometres (2,060.23 sq mi). (wikipedia.org)
  • cortex
  • Distinct areas of the brain were activated with the frontal cortex (associated with ability to put information into sequences) being more active in the syntax condition and the temporal lobes (associated with dividing information into its constituent parts) being more active in the inflection condition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some people may use the right hemisphere for language, and isolated damage of Wernicke's area cortex (sparing white matter and other areas) may not cause severe receptive aphasia. (wikipedia.org)
  • and areas 41 and 42 correspond closely to primary auditory cortex. (wikipedia.org)
  • The differences show up in a number of ways: the effects of localized brain damage, regional activity patterns exposed when the brain is examined using functional imaging techniques, connectivity with subcortical areas, and regional differences in the cellular architecture of the cortex. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neuroscientists describe most of the cortex-the part they call the neocortex-as having six layers, but not all layers are apparent in all areas, and even when a layer is present, its thickness and cellular organization may vary. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a number of cases, brain areas are organized into topographic maps, where adjoining bits of the cortex correspond to adjoining parts of the body, or of some more abstract entity. (wikipedia.org)
  • cerebral
  • Wernicke's area is classically located in the posterior section of the superior temporal gyrus (STG) in the (most commonly) left cerebral hemisphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research using Transcranial magnetic stimulation suggests that the area corresponding to the Wernicke's area in the non-dominant cerebral hemisphere has a role in processing and resolution of subordinate meanings of ambiguous words-such as ''river'' when given the ambiguous word "bank. (wikipedia.org)
  • world's
  • The Chicago metropolitan area is one of the world's largest and most diversified economies, with more than four million employees and generating an annual gross regional product (GRP) of over $561 billion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amongst
  • Amongst the most notorious is that between the lower Antrim Road and the lower Shore Road which was seen as such a flashpoint that in 1994 a fence was added to Alexandra Park, a public amenity straddling both areas, dividing the park between the two communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • municipality
  • An unorganized area or unorganized territory is any geographic region in Canada that does not form part of a municipality or Indian reserve. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Ontario, unorganized areas are found only in the Northern Ontario region, inclusive of the Parry Sound District, the parts of the province where there is no county or regional municipality level of government. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • It was described by Émile Louis Ragonot in 1891, and contains the species Area diaphanalis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The species-area relationship or species-area curve describes the relationship between the area of a habitat , or of part of a habitat, and the number of species found within that area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Larger areas tend to contain larger numbers of species, and empirically, the relative numbers seem to follow systematic mathematical relationships. (wikipedia.org)
  • The species-area relationship is usually constructed for a single type of organism, such as all vascular plants or all species of a specific trophic level within a particular site. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ecologists have proposed a wide range of factors determining the slope and elevation of the species-area relationship. (wikipedia.org)
  • The species-area relationship has been reputed to follow from the 2nd law of thermodynamics . (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been presumed that "island"-like species-area relationships have higher slopes (in log-log space ) than "mainland" relationships, but a 2006 metaanalysis of almost 700 species-area relationships found the former had lower slopes than the latter. (wikipedia.org)
  • is a constant which depends on the unit used for area measurement, and equals the number of species that would exist if the habitat area was confined to one square unit. (wikipedia.org)
  • which looks like a straight line on semilog axes , where area is logged and the number of species is arithmetic. (wikipedia.org)
  • In either case, the species-area relationship is almost always decelerating (has a negative second derivative) when plotted arithmetically. (wikipedia.org)
  • Species-area relationships are often graphed for islands (or habitats that are otherwise isolated from one another, such as woodlots in an agricultural landscape) of different sizes. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is done by plotting the curve (usually on arithmetic axes, not log-log or semilog axes), and estimating the area after which using larger quadrats results in the addition of only a few more species. (wikipedia.org)
  • mathematical
  • The mathematical definition of surface area in the presence of curved surfaces is considerably more involved than the definition of arc length of one-dimensional curves, or of the surface area for polyhedra (i.e., objects with flat polygonal faces ), for which the surface area is the sum of the areas of its faces. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the areas of many simple surfaces have been known since antiquity, a rigorous mathematical definition of area requires a great deal of care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Distinct
  • Motor areas innervating each part of the body arise from a distinct zone, with neighboring body parts represented by neighboring zones. (wikipedia.org)
  • sphere
  • For a solid shape such as a sphere, cone, or cylinder, the area of its boundary surface is called the surface area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smooth surfaces, such as a sphere , are assigned surface area using their representation as parametric surfaces . (wikipedia.org)
  • ramps
  • Federal Aviation Regulations part 139.5 states, "Movement area means the runways, taxiways, and other areas of an airport that are used for taxiing, takeoff, and landing of aircraft, exclusive of loading ramps and aircraft parking areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • geographical
  • Area is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Royal Geographical Society. (wikipedia.org)
  • Broken down into geographical areas, and/or states iii. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is one of Minnesota's original two codes, although its geographical area has been modified since inception. (wikipedia.org)
  • extent
  • Area is the quantity that expresses the extent of a two-dimensional figure or shape, or planar lamina, in the plane. (wikipedia.org)
  • This area represents the extent of the labor market pool for the entire region. (wikipedia.org)
  • shapes
  • For shapes with curved boundary, calculus is usually required to compute the area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Surface areas of flat polygonal shapes must agree with their geometrically defined area . (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the subtleties of surface area, as compared to arc length of curves, is that surface area cannot be defined simply as the limit of areas of polyhedral shapes approximating a given smooth surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • largely
  • The Limestone Road, which runs parallel to Duncairn Gardens, also provides a dividing line, with the Parkside and Newington areas being largely Irish nationalist and the Tiger's Bay and Halliday's Road area mainly unionist (although a small section of Halliday's Road forms the edge of the New Lodge area and is divided from the rest of the road as a result). (wikipedia.org)
  • indicate
  • On maps of the United Kingdom produced by the Ordnance Survey the words Danger Area in red indicate Firing and Test Ranges in the area. (wikipedia.org)
  • main
  • Jinnah Avenue is an important road located in Blue Area, the main business district of Islamabad. (wikipedia.org)
  • The area is actually a corridor that runs along Islamabad's Khayaban-e-Quaid-e-Azam (also known as Jinnah Avenue), Islamabad's primary arterial road which leads up to the main government buildings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dubuque- Dubuque is the main town in the Dubuque metropolitan area. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2000
  • It was reported on 4 July 2016, the first state-of-the-art National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA) mega center would open in Islamabad's Blue Area with a capacity of processing 2000 applicants daily. (wikipedia.org)
  • The population of the Phoenix Metropolitan Area increased by 45.3% from 1990 through 2000, compared to the average United States rate of 13.2%, helping to make Arizona the second fastest growing state in the nation in the 1990s (the fastest was Nevada ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Metro Phoenix grew by 941,011 people from April 2000 to April 2010, making it one of the fastest growing metro areas in the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • large
  • FA encompasses the weather conditions over a large regional area and is considered one of the better sources of information for en-route weather. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, these areas are not mutually exclusive and show a large amount of overlap. (wikipedia.org)
  • The area may be large or small. (wikipedia.org)
  • The area so restricted may be large or small. (wikipedia.org)
  • The areas for the lips, fingers, and tongue are particularly large, considering the proportional size of their represented body parts. (wikipedia.org)
  • This can be achieved by: Increasing the length of the queue by making the queue longer Increasing the size of the lanes within the queue Increasing the length of the queue by designing the line in a "zig-zag" shape that holds a large amount of guests in a smaller area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Notable rides have a large area of this kind of line to hold as many people as possible in line. (wikipedia.org)
  • systematic
  • Key areas for action are the systematic opening up of recruitment, meeting the social security and pension needs of mobile researchers, providing fair employment and working conditions, and ensuring that researchers have the right training and skills. (europa.eu)
  • region
  • The preoptic area (also called POA) is a region of the hypothalamus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Named the Sheffield Urban Area by the Office for National Statistics , it must not be confused with the Sheffield City Region , a non-government term, although often used, particularly by the business community. (wikipedia.org)
  • The GDP of the metropolitan area of Madrid was estimated to be 189 billion euros in 2009 and represents over 90% of the GDP of the region of Madrid . (wikipedia.org)
  • The GDP per capita was 37,758 euros in the metropolitan area while it reached 30,453 euros for the Madrid region . (wikipedia.org)
  • The term Chicagoland has no official definition, and the region is often considered to include areas beyond the corresponding MSA, as well as portions of the greater CSA. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • living rooms kitchens fitness facilities recreational areas In Maryland v. Garrison, the US Supreme Court found that police may enter a common area when executing a search warrant. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • Calculation of the area of a square whose length and width are 1 metre would be: 1 metre x 1 metre = 1 m2 and so, a rectangle with different sides (say length of 3 metres and width of 2 metres) would have an area in square units that can be calculated as: 3 metres x 2 metres = 6 m2. (wikipedia.org)
  • With apartments, there are two different types of common areas you can have. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • A common area is, in real estate or real property law, the "area which is available for use by more than one person. (wikipedia.org)
  • The common areas are those that are available for common use by all tenants, (or) groups of tenants and their invitees. (wikipedia.org)
  • In any situation where there is a tenancy in common, all the tenants in common collectively own the common areas, meaning that any one individual owner does not possess more control over the land than any other owner. (wikipedia.org)
  • assume[s] the risk that [such persons] might permit the common area to be searched. (wikipedia.org)
  • In residence halls of colleges and universities, the common areas are those spaces in a dorm that are for the use of all the student residents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Legally, there is nothing that a tenant can do if they do not approve of their common area furnishings, decorations, etc. unless it interferes directly with a disability. (wikipedia.org)
  • The only way to control common areas in this regard is if a serious threat was posed. (wikipedia.org)
  • State-run universities do have the authority to prohibit use of common areas should they see fit (whether that be decorating, furnishings, or physical use). (wikipedia.org)
  • They cannot legally control every aspect of common area use because of the aforementioned Fair Housing Laws. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common area also applies to organizations such as shopping malls and strip malls, in which multiple businesses operate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oftentimes, business parks, malls, and other multi-company facilities will have a common area. (wikipedia.org)
  • There can be stipulations on conduct within the common areas as well as availability of the common areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Businesses may also have common areas within themselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Typically the businesses with common areas will have their own rules that cater to their business type, policy, and company vision. (wikipedia.org)
  • States vary in how they tax common areas, for real estate tax purposes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dependent upon the common area type (i.e. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, businesses may share common areas in a store like Black Lion or a store that accepts vendors from multiple backgrounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reports of rioting between the two communities go back to at least the 19th century and in the post-war years violence between the young people from both sides was common on the many streets that linked the two areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • While neuroimaging and lesion evidence generally support the idea that malfunction of or damage to Wernicke's area is common in people with receptive aphasia, this is not always so. (wikipedia.org)
  • A common method is to use quadrats of successively larger size, so that the area enclosed by each one includes the area enclosed by the smaller one (i.e. areas are nested). (wikipedia.org)
  • metro
  • The area includes Dubuque County exclusively, and un- officially, but locally includes: Jackson County, Iowa Jo Daviess County, Illinois Grant County, Wisconsin The official population of the Dubuque metro (Dubuque County) was 92,384 as of the 2005 population estimates. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Phoenix Metropolitan Area - often referred to as the Valley of the Sun , the Salt River Valley , or Metro Phoenix - is a metropolitan area , centered on the city of Phoenix , that includes much of the central part of the U.S. State of Arizona . (wikipedia.org)
  • surface
  • Surface area is its analog on the two-dimensional surface of a three-dimensional object. (wikipedia.org)
  • Area can be understood as the amount of material with a given thickness that would be necessary to fashion a model of the shape, or the amount of paint necessary to cover the surface with a single coat. (wikipedia.org)
  • In mathematics, the unit square is defined to have area one, and the area of any other shape or surface is a dimensionless real number. (wikipedia.org)
  • This definition of surface area is based on methods of infinitesimal calculus and involves partial derivatives and double integration . (wikipedia.org)
  • A general definition of surface area was sought by Henri Lebesgue and Hermann Minkowski at the turn of the twentieth century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Their work led to the development of geometric measure theory , which studies various notions of surface area for irregular objects of any dimension. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since surface area is a geometric notion, areas of congruent surfaces must be the same and the area must depend only on the shape of the surface, but not on its position and orientation in space. (wikipedia.org)
  • This means that surface area is invariant under the group of Euclidean motions . (wikipedia.org)
  • These properties uniquely characterize surface area for a wide class of geometric surfaces called piecewise smooth . (wikipedia.org)
  • The area of the whole surface is then obtained by adding together the areas of the pieces, using additivity of surface area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various approaches to a general definition of surface area were developed in the late nineteenth and the early twentieth century by Henri Lebesgue and Hermann Minkowski . (wikipedia.org)
  • While for piecewise smooth surfaces there is a unique natural notion of surface area, if a surface is very irregular, or rough, then it may not be possible to assign an area to it at all. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Most regional districts in British Columbia include some electoral areas, which are unincorporated areas that do not have their own municipal government, but residents of such areas still receive a form of local government by electing representatives to their regional district boards. (wikipedia.org)
  • towns
  • In general, a rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is located outside towns and cities . (wikipedia.org)
  • and may contain adjoining territory with at least 500 persons per square mile (other towns outside an urbanized area whose population exceeds 2,500). (wikipedia.org)
  • The area generally includes the towns of: In Illinois: Galena East Dubuque Hanover Elizabeth Stockton In Wisconsin: Platteville Lancaster Dickeyville Potosi Boscobel Cassville Hazel Green In Iowa Dubuque Asbury Key West Dyersville Epworth Farley Sherrill Peosta Luxemburg Holy Cross New Vienna Bellevue Maquoketa Andrew Sabula Sageville The Dubuque area is in the Driftless Area. (wikipedia.org)
  • fifth
  • In 1954, the shape of 218 was modified to coincide approximately with its current shape when the original southwestern portion of 218 was combined with the southern portion of 612 to form area code 507 , which stretched across the southern fifth of Minnesota. (wikipedia.org)
  • partially
  • Extensions of the notion of area which partially fulfill its function and may be defined even for very badly irregular surfaces are studied in geometric measure theory . (wikipedia.org)
  • differences
  • These differences were driven by suggestions from the two area directors in preparation for movement to proposed standard. (ietf.org)
  • representation
  • In this case too, the representation is uneven: the fovea-the area at the center of the visual field-is greatly overrepresented compared to the periphery. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Interface areas are sometimes characterised by so-called peace lines, but this is not always the case and so people not local to the area are not always aware of the existence of interface areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Queue areas are places in which people queue (first-come, first-served) for goods or services. (wikipedia.org)
  • This led to the development of formalized queue areas-areas in which the lines of people waiting to board the rides are organized by railings, and may be given shelter from the elements with a roof over their heads, inside a climate-controlled building or with fans and misting devices. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is popular at amusement parks like Walt Disney World, which uses TV screens and other visuals to keep people in the queue area occupied. (wikipedia.org)
  • With an estimated CSA population of 9.9 million people and an MSA population of 9.5 million people, it is the third largest metropolitan area in the United States . (wikipedia.org)
  • shape
  • The area of a shape can be measured by comparing the shape to squares of a fixed size. (wikipedia.org)
  • A shape with an area of three square metres would have the same area as three such squares. (wikipedia.org)
  • Visual areas farther downstream extract features such as color, motion, and shape. (wikipedia.org)
  • city
  • Area was a themed nightclub that operated from 1983 to 1987 at 157 Hudson Street in Manhattan, New York City. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is called the "Blue Area" because it was represented in blue color in the original design (master plan) of the planned city. (wikipedia.org)
  • Towards Newtownabbey the Whitewell Road contains an interface area between the republican Whitewell and loyalist White City areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the New York City area, the phrase on line is often used in place of in line. (wikipedia.org)
  • Slightly further afield, Dronfield , in Derbyshire , is around half a mile away from the Greenhill area of the city along the A61 and B6158. (wikipedia.org)
  • The resulting area code 320 , the former western portion of 612, runs the length of the southern border with 218, and the 612 area code has been reduced in size so much that it now just covers the city of Minneapolis and a few nearby suburbs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Chicago metropolitan area , or Chicagoland , is the metropolitan area that includes the city of Chicago , Illinois , and its suburbs . (wikipedia.org)
  • It usually incorporates the population in a city plus that in the surrounding area. (wikipedia.org)
  • several
  • There are several mentions of Area in Andy Warhol's diaries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Area forecasts (FA's): Issued 3 times daily Valid for 18 hours (12-hour forecast, plus 6-hour categorical outlook) Cover an area the size of several states Visibility is always stated in statute miles (SM) Times are issued in UTC (Coordinated Universal Time) Comprise four sections a. (wikipedia.org)
  • Precopulatory behaviors involve several brain areas, including the mPOA as well as the medial amygdala (MA) and BNST. (wikipedia.org)
  • usually
  • They are usually named for a geographic feature within the unincorporated area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even when patients with Wernicke's area lesions have comprehension deficits, these are usually not restricted to language processing alone. (wikipedia.org)