• Quantification of the epicuticular wax from the stems of 40 ecotypes of Arabidopsis thailuna showed a two-fold range in total wax lead that was not correlated to known abiotic characteristics of the ecotype's origin of collection. (elsevier.com)
  • The Arabidopsis thaliana genome has a haploid chromosome number of 5, containing 135 Mb with 32,000 protein-coding genes. (uniprot.org)
  • The ABCE model, supported by both molecular and genetic experiments in Arabidopsis , explains how a small number of regulatory genes (called floral homeotic genes or floral organ identity genes) act in different combinations to specify these different organ types. (els.net)
  • Arabidopsis genome has been fully sequenced in 2000 and contains approximately 28 000 genes. (els.net)
  • Gain of function and loss of function transgenic lines for specific Arabidopsis genes can be easily produced or obtained from public collections. (els.net)
  • In Arabidopsis , two COP9 signalosome complex (CSN) subunits, CSN5 and CSN6, are both encoded by two highly conserved genes, named CSN5A and CSN5B , and CSN6A and CSN6B , respectively. (els.net)
  • We performed an analysis of coexpression networks for 1,330 genes from the AraCyc database of metabolic pathways in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). (rti.org)
  • The aim of this project will be to identify, validate and functionally characterize genes contributing to natural variation for photosynthetic traits in Arabidopsis - especially those linked to common stress tolerance responses. (wur.nl)
  • Screening a large collection of mutants for these candidates, available from public Arabidopsis seed stocks, will narrow down the list of candidate genes with a role in photosynthesis. (wur.nl)
  • Large sets of microarray experiments are used in this analysis, specifically 2466 NASC Arabidopsis thaliana microarrays containing gene expression levels of over twenty thousand genes in a number of experimental conditions. (videolectures.net)
  • Wang J, Schwab R, Czech B, Mica E, Weigel D. Dual effects of miR156-targeted SPL genes and CYP78A5/KLUH on plastochron length and organ size in Arabidopsis thaliana. (labome.org)
  • Chang L, Ramireddy E, Schmülling T. Lateral root formation and growth of Arabidopsis is redundantly regulated by cytokinin metabolism and signalling genes. (labome.org)
  • Two homologous plastocyanin isoforms are encoded by the genes PETE1 and PETE2 in the nuclear genome of Arabidopsis thaliana. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • The present study examined the transcription of mitochondrial genes by two nucleus-encoded phage-type RNA polymerases, RpoTm and RpoTmp, in the plant Arabidopsis. (hu-berlin.de)
  • For selected mitochondrial genes in Arabidopsis, transcription initiation sites were determined. (hu-berlin.de)
  • The cofactor-independent promoter specificity of RpoTm and the apparently non-stringent control of transcription initiation in vivo imply that mitochondrial genes in Arabidopsis may not be regulated individually at the transcriptional level. (hu-berlin.de)
  • The current tally of experimentally confirmed Arabidopsis genes is 17,956. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Emulating the much-praised first edition of Arabidopsis Protocols, leading scientists have generated an up-to-date work that reflects recent advances in plant biology, the completion of the Arabidopsis genome sequence-essential for studying plant function-and the development of whole systems approaches that allow global analysis of gene expression, as well as protein and metabolite dynamics. (springer.com)
  • Uncovering Arabidopsis membrane protein interactome enriched in transporters using mating-based split ubiquitin assays and classification models. (nih.gov)
  • Several molecular tools have been established to identify Arabidopsis transcription profiles, epigenetic landscape, protein and metabolite composition. (els.net)
  • Leaves from the arc5 plastid division mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana were fixed, embedded, sectioned, reacted with antibodies to the FtsZ1-1 protein, a prokaryotic cell division protein that is a str. (cellimagelibrary.org)
  • Here, we report the tunicamycin (TM) -induced ER stress response in Arabidopsis roots by monitoring expression patterns of immunoglobulin-binding protein 3 (BiP3), a representative marker for the response. (frontiersin.org)
  • The same result was obtained by transient expression of fusion constructs with the green fluorescent protein in Arabidopsis protoplasts, whereas AtStr2 was exclusively localized to the cytoplasm by this method. (plantphysiol.org)
  • In addition to ClpX, a nuclear-encoded ClpP protein, termed ClpP2, was identified from the numerous ClpP isomers in Arabidopsis and was also located in mitochondria. (diva-portal.org)
  • used a nucleus-targeted green fluorescent protein to investigate the shapes and sizes of living nuclei from several Arabidopsis tissues and cell types via confocal microscopy. (plantcell.org)
  • The genus name, Arabidopsis , comes from Greek , meaning "resembling Arabis " (the genus in which Linnaeus had initially placed it). (wikipedia.org)
  • Apomixis has been described in a close relative of Arabidopsis , Arabis holboellii ( 3 ), and some genetic data support a one or two gene control of apomixis ( 3 ), so we reasoned that a mutational approach in Arabidopsis might detect mutants displaying some components of apomixis. (pnas.org)
  • The most recent reclassification moves two species previously placed in Cardaminopsis and Hylandra and three species of Arabis into Arabidopsis, but excludes 50 that have been moved into the new genera Beringia, Crucihimalaya, Ianhedgea, Olimarabidopsis, and Pseudoarabidopsis. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Arabidopsis, trichome initiation is integrated with the leaf developmental program. (genetics.org)
  • I show that Arabidopsis leaf growth can be described with good precision by a conformal map, where expansion is locally isotropic (the same in all directions) but the amount of expansion can vary with position. (mendeley.com)
  • Polymerized actin localization in wild type Arabidopsis thaliana leaf trichomes, stage 4, during the transition to branch elongation. (cellimagelibrary.org)
  • Here, we report on the analysis of the galactolipid subfraction of the Arabidopsis leaf lipidome by an improved HPLC/MS 2 -based method that is fast, robust, and comparatively simple in its performance. (frontiersin.org)
  • To further understand the mechanisms controlling leaf shape, we have studied the interactions between several loci leading to increased dissection of the Arabidopsis leaf margins. (mdpi.com)
  • But for plant biologists, this member of the mustard green family is a valuable model for studying a wide array of biological processes-including the patterns of zinc acquisition shown so vividly in the Arabidopsis leaf above. (georgetown.edu)
  • Also, as an individual plant can produce several thousand seeds, each of the above criteria leads to Arabidopsis thaliana being valued as a genetic model organism. (bionity.com)
  • Yet the potential of arabidopsis as a model organism was not documented until 1943. (bionity.com)
  • Friedrich Laibach, known as the "father of Arabidopsis", published the chromosome number of arabidopsis in 1907 and proposed it as a model organism in 1943. (bionity.com)
  • In the 1950s and 1960s John Langridge and George Rédei played an important role in establishing arabidopsis as a useful organism for biological laboratory experiments. (bionity.com)
  • Arabidopsis has proven to be an ideal organism for studying plant development at the molecular, cellular, organismal and ecological levels. (els.net)
  • Arabidopsis is a small flowering plant, which has emerged as the primary experimental organism for the study of all aspects of plant biology. (els.net)
  • We first established a system to study rooting in Arabidopsis, the model organism in plant biology but only occasionally used to study adventitious rooting. (wur.nl)
  • In the last two decades, Arabidopsis thaliana has gained much interest from the scientific community as a model organism for research on numerous aspects of plant biology. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Europe, the model organism resource centre for Arabidopsis thaliana germplasm, bioinformatics and molecular biology resources (including GeneChips) is the Nottingham Arabidopsis Stock Centre - NASC whilst in North America germplasm services are provided by the Arabidopsis Biological Resource Center, (ABRC) based at the Ohio State University. (wikipedia.org)
  • b) Examples of the application of reverse genetics tools to the functional study of small gene families regulating crucial developmental pathways in Arabidopsis . (els.net)
  • As recently announced on the BIOSCI Arabidopsis newsgroup, the formal and complete transfer has taken place of AAtDB and associated WWW, Gopher and ftp resources from the Department of Molecular Biology, MGH, Harvard to the Department of Genetics, in the School of Medicine at Stanford University. (arabidopsis.info)
  • He has used biochemical genetics to dissect the main metabolic pathways controlling oil mobilisation in Arabidopsis seed and provided new insight into how a lipid based signal controls seed germination. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nottingham Arabidopsis Stock Centre (NASC), http://arabidopsis.info . (hindawi.com)
  • The Arabidopsis Information Resource (TAIR) is a curated online information source for Arabidopsis thaliana genetic and molecular biology research, and The Arabidopsis Book is an online compilation of invited chapters on Arabidopsis thaliana biology. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ordering system for ABRC was incorporated into The Arabidopsis Information Resource (TAIR) database in June 2001 whilst NASC has always (since 1991) hosted its own ordering system and genome browser. (wikipedia.org)
  • Loudet O, Chaillou S, Camilleri C, Bouchez D, Daniel-Vedele F ( 2002 ) Bay-0 x Shahdara recombinant inbred line population: a powerful tool for the genetic dissection of complex traits in Arabidopsis. (genenetwork.org)
  • In a report published on the Sciencexpress website, Motoaki Seki and colleagues from the RIKEN Institute in Japan, describe a large-scale analysis of full-length Arabidopsis cDNA libraries ( Sciencexpress , 21 March 2002 10.1126/science.1071006). (biomedcentral.com)
  • C AMBRIDGE , Mass.-- Cereon Genomics has agreed to share its data on 39,000 Arabidopsis single-nucleotide polymorphisms with the Arabidopsis Information Resource, enabling academic researchers free access over the Internet. (genomeweb.com)
  • The focus of our efforts will be on plants grown in Conviron TC30 chambers that are designed primarily for growing Arabidopsis, but we will compare chamber grown plants to those grown in a typical 'lab bench' setup and in a greenhouse. (bio.net)
  • These are Arabidopsis thaliana plants used in this study. (eurekalert.org)
  • Although Arabidopsis thaliana has little direct significance for agriculture, it has several advantages that made it the model for understanding the genetic, cellular, and molecular biology of flowering plants. (bionity.com)
  • I tested both hypotheses by experimentally crossing Arabidopsis lyrata plants (self-pollinated, cross-pollinated within the population, or cross-pollinated between populations) and measuring offspring performance over 3 years. (wiley.com)
  • Dicot plants, such as Arabidopsis ( Arabidopsis thaliana ), pea ( Pisum sativum ), soybean ( Glycine max ), tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum ), as well as non-graminaceous monocots employ a reduction-based strategy, where acidification of the rhizosphere occurs by proton extrusion. (nature.com)
  • Indeed, its main features such as easy and fast growth, high seed production, easy genetic manipulation and a completely sequenced genome still place Arabidopsis as the best model for studying plants. (els.net)
  • In 1982, the crew of the Soviet Salyut 7 space station grew some Arabidopsis, thus becoming the first plants to flower and produce seeds in space. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arabidopsis lyrata are diploid plants that have a life span of two or more years, small white flowers and highly distinct basal leaves with a height of 10-40 centimetres (4-16 in). (wikipedia.org)
  • Activation tagging using T-DNA vectors that contain multimerized transcriptional enhancers from the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S gene has been applied to Arabidopsis plants. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Researchers examined rotational growth movements of Arabidopsis thaliana in microgravity and observed that response to 1g of applied force was greater in plants grown in microgravity. (nasa.gov)
  • or especially troublesome) for growing Arabidopsis to seed maturity, or at least to flowering. (bio.net)
  • Agilent Technologies introduced the first whole-genome microarray for Arabidopsis thaliana research, the primary plant model used in gene-expression research, the company said. (genomeweb.com)
  • Use methylation-sensitive enzymes to explore epigenetics heritable changes in gene expression that affect flowering in Arabidopsis . (carolina.com)
  • In Arabidopsis, the timing and spatial arrangement of trichome initiation is tightly regulated and requires the activity of the GLABROUS1 ( GL1 ) gene. (genetics.org)
  • Arabidopsis thaliana is not of economic value itself, but has risen to prominence because of its small size, short generation time and small genome, which make it an ideal plant to use for research. (uniprot.org)
  • Genetic analysis of osmotic and cold stress signal transduction in Arabidopsis: interactions and convergence of abscisic acid-dependent and abscisic acid-independent pathways. (google.com)
  • Systems biology is currently being used in Arabidopsis to investigate the transcriptional networks regulating root development, the metabolic response to stress and the genetic regulation of metabolic variability. (els.net)
  • Alonso JM and Ecker JR (2006) Moving forward in reverse: genetic technologies to enable genome‐wide phenomic screens in Arabidopsis. (els.net)
  • Molecular-genetic studies in Arabidopsis thaliana have focused on daily light duration, or photoperiod, and transient exposure to winter-like temperatures, or vernalization. (nih.gov)
  • The goal of this research project is to record the genetic variation in the entire genome of many strains of the reference plant Arabidopsis thaliana. (salk.edu)
  • For more information on the Bay-0 x Shadara Arabidopsis thaliana cross, the genotypic data, the genetic maps, and the trait data please visit the INRA Versailles QTL Arabidopsis site. (genenetwork.org)
  • Overexpression of an Arabidopsis β -glucosidase gene enhances drought resistance with dwarf phenotype in creeping bentgrass," Plant Cell Reports , vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1677-1686, 2012. (hindawi.com)
  • Exogenous peptide assays and overexpression of nematode CLEs in Arabidopsis demonstrated that CLV2 and CRN are required for perception of nematode CLEs. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • The general elicitor flagellin is recognized in Arabidopsis through a conserved 22-amino acid sequence (flg22). (mcponline.org)
  • RARGE: a large-scale database of RIKEN Arabidopsis resources ranging from transcriptome to phenome," Nucleic Acids Research , vol. 33, pp. (hindawi.com)
  • They isolated over 150,000 RIKEN Arabidopsis Full-Length (RAFL) cDNA clones , sequenced the ends and clustered them into almost 15,000 non-redundant groups. (biomedcentral.com)
  • It is also of note that Dodd et al use an existing mathematical model of the Arabidopsis clock ( Locke et al, Mol Syst Biol, 2005 ) to frame the expected effects of their predicted feedback loop. (nature.com)
  • J. A. Sullivan and X. W. Deng, "From seed to seed: the role of photoreceptors in Arabidopsis development," Developmental Biology , vol. 260, no. 2, pp. 289-297, 2003. (hindawi.com)
  • Arabidopsis is commonly known as mustard weed, and is one of the favored model organisms used by geneticists and developmental biologists. (genenetwork.org)