• Objective To determine the impact of empiric antibiotics on men with an elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level. (elsevier.com)
  • The Human Anti-Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA) IgG ELISA kit, 96 tests, Quantitative is manufactured for Research Use Only or for diagnostics purposes. (gentaur.com)
  • the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. (gentaur.com)
  • Human leukocyte antigen: the major histocompatibility complex of man. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Human leukocyte antigen and human neutrophil antigen systems. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) is not a single antigen, but is rather a group of proteins that are located on the surface of white blood cells. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) testing is also called HLA typing or tissue typing. (cancer.ca)
  • HLA-B27 is a human leukocyte antigen that helps the body differentiate its own cells from foreign substances. (reference.com)
  • The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) complex is synonymous with the human MHC. (uptodate.com)
  • The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) in humans refers to a genetic region containing hundreds of genes, including the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes ( figure 1 ). (uptodate.com)
  • HLA genes express their gene products on the surface of white blood cells (hence the name 'human leukocyte antigen,' although HLA class I genes (see 'Class I region' below) are also expressed on all nucleated cells) and were originally recognized to contain the genes encoding 'tissue antigens' or 'tissue types. (uptodate.com)
  • Lymphocytes traffic through the secondary lymphoid organs and interact in lymph nodes (LNs) with dendritic cells transporting tissue antigens to initiate immune responses to model antigens, microbial antigens, and apoptotic cells ( 1 ). (pnas.org)
  • now find that the most efficient of the antigen-presenting cells (dendritic cells and B cells) harbor exceptionally low concentrations of lysosomal proteases when these levels are compared with those of macrophages. (sciencemag.org)
  • Thus, whereas macrophages rapidly degrade the antigens they encounter, dendritic cells may protect the very same antigens, facilitating their dissemination to and survival in secondary lymphoid organs. (sciencemag.org)
  • Antigen Presenting Cell Biology welcomes high quality research concerning every aspect of antigen presenting cells (APCs), encompassing dendritic cells and macrophages, precursors in the bone marrow and the blood, immature APCs resident in lymphoid and non-lymphoid tissues and mature APC. (frontiersin.org)
  • Derived from hematopoietic progenitor cells, dendritic cells only differentiate and mature after contact with an antigen. (qiagen.com)
  • Using the "lock and key" metaphor, the antigen can be seen as a string of keys (epitopes) each of which matches a different lock (antibody). (wikipedia.org)
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a widely used marker for the diagnosis and management of prostate cancer. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The Giardia antigen test is used to make a diagnosis of giardiasis , the digestive tract illness caused by Giardia lamblia . (kidshealth.org)
  • It's important to remember that the Gardia antigen test detects the presence of only that specific parasite, so the doctor may order additional tests to reach a definitive diagnosis. (kidshealth.org)
  • Until recently, digital rectal examination and prostate-specific antigen have been used for diagnosis of prostate cancer. (urotoday.com)
  • Explain to interested patients that the target antigen identified in this report may be the first step in developing a blood test for the diagnosis of idiopathic membranous nephropathy, but no such test is currently available. (medpagetoday.com)
  • So fungal antigens test can be used in early diagnosis of deep candida infections. (selfgrowth.com)
  • It is meaningful to early diagnosis of deep fungal infections for the fungal antigens test can get continuous monitoring of high-risk patients. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Numerous protein antigens have been identified by researchers who are interested in the immune system and the process of disease, and antigens are used extensively in research, diagnosis, and medical treatment. (wisegeek.com)
  • These results identify flagellins as a class of immunodominant antigens that stimulate pathogenic intestinal immune reactions in genetically diverse hosts and suggest new avenues for the diagnosis and antigen-directed therapy of patients with IBD. (jci.org)
  • The antigen-presenting cells (APCs) that drive the various phases of MHC class II-dependent organ-specific autoimmune diseases, such as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, experimental allergic encephalitis, and thyroiditis, are not fully identified. (pnas.org)
  • An antigen ( Australia antigen ) associated with viral hepatitis (liver inflammation) has been found in the serum of several persons with polyarteritis nodosa, raising the possibility that some cases of polyarteritis may result from the deposition in blood vessels of immune complexes of viral antigen and antibody. (britannica.com)
  • Test fungal bacterial components and fungal antigens, which is a significant ways to diagnose fungal infection in modern clinics. (selfgrowth.com)
  • The fungal antigens test can be applied to the following diagnoses. (selfgrowth.com)
  • As immunological testing technology advances, the application area of fungal antigens test are widening. (selfgrowth.com)
  • It is also referred to as an 'oncofetal antigen' because of its similarity to fetal tissue. (healthcentral.com)
  • One example of an oncofetal antigen is alpha-fetoprotein, which is produced by hepatocellular carcinoma and some germ cell tumors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Simultaneously and found to be sterile, but Widal test of paired sera revealed significant positive titer of 1:320 for Salmonella paratyphi B flagellar antigen , representing carrier state of the patient. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Because the HLA is a chemical tag that distinguishes "self" from "nonself," the antigen is important in the rejection of transplanted tissue and in the development of certain diseases (e.g., insulin-dependent diabetes). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Defects in the structure of the HLAs is the cause of some diseases where the body's immune system perceives a host antigen as foreign and begins to attack the body's own tissue. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The database is searchable by the official CD designation of the antigen as well as by synonyms and other keywords including associated diseases and tissue/organ names. (apple.com)
  • A pattern of antigens, called a tissue type, is inherited from your parents. (cancer.ca)
  • In support of the hypothesis that collagen XVII serves as a shared antigen mediating an immune response between skin and brain, research on animal and human tissue, as well as numerous epidemiological and case studies, is presented. (hindawi.com)
  • In general, saccharides and lipids (as opposed to peptides) qualify as antigens but not as immunogens since they cannot elicit an immune response on their own. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP), a protein that spans the membrane of the rough endoplasmic reticulum , transports the peptides into the lumen of the rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER). (wikipedia.org)
  • Antigens are usually peptides (amino acid chains), polysaccharides (chains of monosaccharides/simple sugars) or lipids. (wikipedia.org)
  • This entry represent the core antigen of the viral capsid (HBcAg) from various Hepatitis B virus (HBV), which is a major human pathogen. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • This method of attack could lead researchers to other antigens involved in tumors and could make vaccine therapies against cancer more widespread. (berkeley.edu)
  • We think this method of using mouse models to track down human antigens might be a general method for identifying targets for immunological attack in many different kinds of human tumors, Allison said. (berkeley.edu)
  • To date, only a few antigens unique to tumors have been found, limiting the usefulness of vaccination against cancer. (berkeley.edu)
  • When administered in a vaccine formulation, gp100 antigen may stimulate a cytotoxic T cell HLA-A2.1-restricted immune response against tumors that express this antigen, which may result in a reduction in tumor size. (cancer.gov)
  • When Antigen 7.5 for Microsoft Exchange is installed on Exchange 2000 Server or Exchange Server 2003, the Library registry entry will have a value of ANTIGENVSAPI.DLL . (microsoft.com)
  • The invention disclosed herein presents an antigen-capture immunoassay that utilizes serum, plasma, milk, urine, saliva, or other bodily fluid samples to identify cattle infected with the Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV). (google.ca)
  • This viral capsid acts as a core antigen, the major immunodominant region lying at the tips of the alpha-helical hairpins that form spikes on the capsid surface. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Reactive Hepatitis B Surface Antigen will reflex to the Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Confirmatory neutralization test for an additional charge. (legacyhealth.org)
  • hep e antigen.Negative.HBV DNA.Negative.I am on treatment with lumividine tab 100 mg/day for about 3 yrs.My ALT level & liver ultrasound test normal.I wish to go abroad for a job and there Hep.B Surface antigen is tested.If one is positive, it is a sure rejection.Can inj. (medhelp.org)
  • Interferon treatment cure this disease and gives a Surface antigen negative result.Doctors even i insisted, did not prescribe me the inj.Interferon.pl.advise. (medhelp.org)
  • The best-characterized of these is known as merozoite surface antigen-1 (MSA1) (185-200 kDa) (Ref. 1). (nih.gov)
  • The other merozoite surface antigen, MSA2 (35-48 kDa) (Ref. 2), is distinct from MSA1 but is equally polymorphic. (nih.gov)
  • The target antigen was present in serum samples from 26 of 37 patients with the common kidney disease, wrote Laurence H. Beck, Jr., MD, PhD, of Boston University, and colleagues in the July 2 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine . (medpagetoday.com)
  • Upon mixing the conjugate and the test sample, conjugated monoclonal antibody will bind p27 antigen (if present). (drugs.com)
  • This is the first prostate cancer antigen found. (berkeley.edu)
  • Allison and his colleagues found the cancer antigen by looking in a strain of mice prone to prostate cancer. (berkeley.edu)
  • New York, NY, 20 February 2009 - Although widespread Prostate-Specific-Antigen (PSA) testing has undoubtedly decreased prostate cancer mortality, is there a point of diminishing returns? (elsevier.com)
  • Cancer Antigen 125 (CA-125) is a tumor marker primarily used to monitor therapy during treatment for ovarian cancer . (labtestsonline.org)
  • 2009) was developed a method for prioritization of cancer antigens paving the way to take more rational, informed decisions. (issuu.com)
  • Antigen prioritization involved developing a list of "ideal" cancer antigen criteria/characteristics, assigning relative weights to those criteria using pairwise comparisons. (issuu.com)
  • To evaluate prognostic markers, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), prostate health index (PHI) and prostate volume indexed measures (PSAD and PHID) for predicting positive prostate cancer biopsies in magnetic resonance (MR) transrectal ultrasound fused versus non-fused transrectal ultrasonography biopsy. (urotoday.com)
  • The European Randomized study of Screening for Prostate Cancer (ERSPC) has previously demonstrated that prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening decreases prostate cancer (PCa) mortality. (urotoday.com)
  • How do doctors monitor prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels for prostate cancer? (webmd.com)
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) continues to be the main marker of how the disease is progressing or responding to treatment. (webmd.com)