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  • DENV
  • We describe microneutralization assays that used automated 96-well enzyme-linked immunospot (ELI-SPOT) readout instrumentation to measure human anti-dengue virus (DENV) antibodies in CV-1 cells that were stably transfected to express human FcγRIIA (CD32) using conventional Vero cells as a comparator. (ajtmh.org)
  • Because DENVs may preferentially replicate in CD32-expressing monocytes/macrophages and dendritic cells, in vivo , it is possible that CD32 introduced into a conventional DENV neutralization assay might provide results that better correlate with protection. (ajtmh.org)
  • correlation
  • This study tested the correlation of appetite and circulating levels of acylated ghrelin in patients with AECOPD. (jove.com)
  • inoculation
  • Since cell culture is as sensitive as the mouse inoculation test, units should be established in laboratories to replace mouse inoculation tests as it avoids the use of life animals, is less expensive and gives more rapid results. (who-rabies-bulletin.org)
  • infectious
  • In this type of vaccine, a portion of the infectious agent is separated from the rest of the agent and serves to stimulate the immune system of the cat to develop antibodies against the whole virus or agent. (maxshouse.com)
  • Subsequent testing from 1994 to 1997 at the Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory (VIDRL), at NIBSC UK, and at the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), the Netherlands has led to the reclassification of this virus as a drifted Sabin-like virus. (health.gov.au)
  • occurrence
  • We report an active surveillance study of the occurrence of specific antibodies to European Bat Lyssavirus Type 1 (EBLV-1) in bat species, scarcely studied hitherto, that share the same refuge. (mdpi.com)
  • Single positive C1q precipitin tests may occur sporadically in patients with leprosy, but repeatedly positive tests are closely associated with occurrence of ENL, supporting the concept that ENL is a complication related to the presence of circulating immune complexes. (ajtmh.org)
  • sera specific
  • French CyHV-3 isolate 07/108b was neutralized efficiently by sera from carp infected with European, American and Taiwanese CyHV-3 isolates, but no neutralization was observed using sera specific to other aquatic herpesviruses. (dtu.dk)
  • susceptible
  • All positively selected codons were found to be located either in the region 314-316 or in the region 474-490 what indicates a strong positive selection in this region and reveals that these regions are susceptible to evolutionary pressure possibly caused by antibodies what gives a strong verification to our hypothesis that neutralising antibodies are a key determinant in the inherently complex adaptive evolution of HPIV2 in the region. (cambridge.org)
  • diagnostic test
  • The results suggest that this non-lethal diagnostic test could be used in the future to improve the epidemiological surveillance and control of CyHV-3 disease. (dtu.dk)
  • Priorities for the future plan should include sustaining the enhanced surveillance system for acute gastroenteritis and cholera, rolling out a rapid diagnostic test, and ensuring rapid and systematic epidemiological investigation and environmental testing. (ajtmh.org)
  • consistent
  • In 1986 tests on faeces collected from a 22 year old Australian born man who had symptoms consistent with poliomyelitis yielded poliovirus type 3. (health.gov.au)
  • Serum obtained on May 13 was tested at CDC and determined to be equivocal for CHIKV RNA by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR), consistent with low-level viremia. (cdc.gov)
  • prototype
  • These were identified in microneutralisation tests using reference horse antisera prepared against prototype polioviruses supplied by the National Institutes of Health, Maryland, USA. (health.gov.au)
  • fluorescence
  • Alternatively, particularly where fluorescence microscopy is not available, a direct rapid immunohistochemistry test (dRIT) was developed with a similar sensitivity and specificity as the FAT. (who-rabies-bulletin.org)
  • humans
  • Performs molecular and immuno-diagnostic testing for diseases of zoonotic and military significance in humans, animals, food, and arthropods. (army.mil)
  • Validation
  • Adequate validation according to international standards is still required so that they can be useful in surveillance situations in which the resources for the use of recommended testing are lacking. (who-rabies-bulletin.org)