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  • outcomes
  • Antibiotic administration perioperatively has been shown to reduce associated morbidity, however, indiscriminate use has been associated with adverse outcomes. (ovid.com)
  • placebo
  • Five studies met the inclusion criteria resulting in a total of 535 participants with 260 participants taking antibiotics and 275 participants on placebo or not taking any antibiotics. (geripal.org)
  • Whittaker JP, Nancarrow JD, Sterne GDJ (2005) The role of antibiotic prophylaxis in clean incised hand injuries: a prospective randomized placebo controlled double blind trial. (springermedizin.de)
  • Patient
  • Patient age, race and insurance status were not predictive of inappropriate prophylaxis. (ovid.com)
  • For the Patient: What Is Antibiotic Prophylaxis? (mouthhealthy.org)
  • This means that 5 patients would need to receive the prophylactic antibiotics in order to benefit 1 patient (in preventing recurrent cellulitis). (geripal.org)
  • We multiplied the prevalence for each patient population by the percentage of specialists recommending prophylaxis, then by the estimated number of dental office visits per year, and then by an average pharmacy cost to arrive at a total estimated range of annual cost for this practice. (ovid.com)
  • The actual cost may be far greater because of an underestimation of these prevalence figures and the use of antibiotic prophylaxis for additional patient populations. (ovid.com)
  • Preoperative
  • A retrospective chart review of preoperative antibiotics for laparoscopic and hysteroscopic sterilization procedures was performed at a single institution, Banner University Medical Center - Phoenix (BUMCP), from 01/01/2014 to 12/31/2014. (ovid.com)
  • relative risk redu
  • Cephalosporin prophylaxis was associated with a relative risk reduction of 64%, absolute risk reduction of 10% and number needed to treat of 10, whereas penicillin-based prophylaxis was associated with a relative risk reduction of 62%, absolute risk reduction of 13% and number needed to treat of 8. (nih.gov)
  • Using endometritis as an example, the relative risk reduction when using antibiotic prophylaxis is 61% for non-elective c-sections and 75% in elective c-sections. (bmj.com)
  • practice
  • However, the use of prophylaxis varies widely, possibly because the design and findings of the studies have differed, making their relevance to clinical practice difficult to interpret. (nih.gov)
  • Our data suggest a significant cost for antibiotic prophylaxis in the dental practice setting and the need for evidence-based recommendations concerning this practice. (ovid.com)
  • bacteria
  • The investigators will compare 2 groups: men whose rectal swabs do not show ciprofloxacin-resistant bacteria will receive ciprofloxacin prior to biopsy, and men whose swabs do show ciprofloxacin-resistant bacteria will receive alternative antibiotics based on their culture results. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Antibiotic-resistant bacteria were identified in most studies but there was no definite link made to the use of antibiotics. (cochrane.org)
  • GlaxoSmithKline, London), given one hour before the PEG procedure, is well established as the gold standard method of antibiotic prophylaxis and is recommended by the British Society of Gastroenterology (evidence grade Ia and recommendation grade A) 13 because of its good effect on the bacteria commonly found in the upper gastrointestinal tract. (bmj.com)
  • joint
  • If you have had a joint replacement and taken antibiotics before dental work in the past, you may not need to make a trip to the pharmacy before your next procedure. (mouthhealthy.org)
  • underwent
  • Women who underwent hysteroscopic sterilization were less likely to receive inappropriate prophylaxis compared to laparoscopic sterilization (18.6% vs 68.9%, P (ovid.com)