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  • measurement
  • We recommend that routine follow-up examinations after ACL reconstruction should include the measurement of bone tunnel size in order to contribute to a better understanding of the incidence, time course, and clinical relevance of this phenomenon. (springer.com)
  • knee joint
  • Hippocrates also (460-370 BC) mentioned the subluxation of the knee joint with ligament pathology, but Claudius Galen, a Greek physician in the Roman Empire, was the first to describe the true nature of the ACL [ 6 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • They also described the roll and glide mechanism of the knee and the tension pattern of the different bundles of the cruciate ligaments and, to our knowledge, were the first to describe that each bundle of the ACL was tensioned in different degrees of flexion of the knee joint [ 6 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • flexion
  • The knee kinematics were determined under anterior tibial load (134 N) and simulated quadriceps load (400 N) at 0°, 15°, 30°, 60°, and 90° of flexion using a robotic testing system. (harvard.edu)
  • Purpose
  • PURPOSE: To determine if recellularization of decellularized tendons combined with mechanical stimulation in a bioreactor could replicate the mechanical properties of the native ACL and be successfully used for ACL reconstruction in vivo. (growkudos.com)
  • sports
  • According to recent studies, female athletes are two to eight times more likely to strain their anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in sports that involve cutting and jumping as compared to men who play the same particular sports (soccer, basketball, and volleyball). (wikipedia.org)
  • joint
  • Prior to Galen's description, it was believed that the cruciate ligaments were part of the nervous system, but Galen was the first to describe the ACL as being a structure that supports the joint and prevents abnormal knee motion. (hindawi.com)
  • A sprain is a condition that occurs due to excessive stretching, twisting or tearing of a ligament due to heavy force on the joint. (medindia.net)
  • Anterior joint stability under anterior tibial load was qualified as normal for ASTR-HST and DBR-HST and nearly normal for SBR-BPTB, SBR-HST, and STDBR-HST as per the International Knee Documentation Committee knee examination form categorization. (harvard.edu)