• The Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS) looks at a wide range of behaviors and is suitable for examining newborns and infants up to two months old. (wikipedia.org)
  • Olfaction plays a role in responsiveness, as most non-maternal animals find the smell of infants and amniotic fluid repulsive, while in maternal animals, those with the appropriate hormone profiles, these same smells increase maternal responsiveness. (wikipedia.org)
  • While at Harvard, he undertook research identifying the lung circulation in the newborn infants with respiratory distress. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its proponents hold that if human infants, the senile, the comatose, and the cognitively disabled have direct moral status, animals must have a similar status, since there is no known morally relevant ability that those marginal-case humans have that animals lack. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hermanussen introduced the mini-knemometer for accurate growth measurements of prematures and newborn infants. (wikipedia.org)
  • In newborn infants, capillary refill time can be measured by pressing on the sternum for five seconds with a finger or thumb, and noting the time needed for the color to return once the pressure is released. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike larger relatives, such as the capuchin, spider and howler monkeys, Central American squirrel monkeys do not have a fully prehensile tail, except as newborn infants, and the tail is primarily used to help with balance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Juvenile cottontail standing in anticipation of food Cottontails are very sociable animals within their peer group Male desert cottontail at 8 weeks, and the same cottontail at 16 months of age Genus Sylvilagus Click on Species→ show to display all Species Rabbits and hares portal Hoffman, R.S. (wikipedia.org)
  • In animals, infanticide involves the killing of young offspring by a mature animal of the same species, and is studied in zoology, specifically in the field of ethology. (wikipedia.org)
  • The practice has been observed in many species throughout the animal kingdom, especially primates (primate infanticide). (wikipedia.org)
  • The horns also make the animals a prized game trophy, which has led to the near-extinction of the two northern species. (wikipedia.org)
  • The primary screwworm, C. hominivorax, is a parasitic species, whose larvae are renowned for eating and infesting the flesh of living organisms, primarily warm-blooded animals such as cattle and other livestock. (wikipedia.org)
  • This list does not include one-time behaviours performed by individual animals that might be considered abnormal for that individual, unless these are performed repeatedly by other individuals in the species and are recognised as part of the ethogram of that species. (wikipedia.org)
  • eating the flesh or internal organs of another animal of the same species. (wikipedia.org)
  • killing of young offspring by a mature animal of its own species. (wikipedia.org)
  • These scents tell an animal about other members of their species in some of the following ways: Identifying reproductive status - male individuals commonly use the flehmen response as an olfactory mechanism for identifying the reproductive state of females of the same species based on pheromones in the female's urine or genitals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Their main sources of food were caribou, salmon, and seals, augmented by harvesting other animal and plant species. (wikipedia.org)
  • he even can speaks with all animal species even the different species cannot communicated between them. (wikipedia.org)
  • Seven years later, Taroza has reunited many other animal species and constructed a village, where he lives with them. (wikipedia.org)
  • The argument from marginal cases (also known as the argument from species overlap) is a philosophical argument within animal rights theory regarding the moral status of non-human animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Species, among them Maras, Engadine sheep and Racka sheep, Smew and goldeneye and Tyrolean chickens became further residents of the zoo - a total of 44 species with around 400 animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • This species is not actively migrating, rather its dispersal appears to be caused passively by floods, animals (zoochory), and accidentally by humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • They live in groups of up to 21 animals (average 10 or fewer animals in most species) consisting of a male, several females, and their young. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, if by religion one means a "non-anthropocentric, non-anthropomorphic, non-theistic, and non-logocentric trans-species prototype definition of religion", and ritual behaviour can be interpreted in the actions of chimpanzees, elephants, dolphins and other animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • The costero is listed on Appendix II of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS). (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of the risks the drug poses to newborns, the decision was made at the start of 2017 that it shouldn't be given to pregnant women for either migraine prevention or epilepsy, certainly when other treatments are possible, the ministry told Haaretz. (haaretz.com)
  • A young farm worker who threw a newborn calf to the floor and repeatedly stamped on it before kicking its mother in the head blamed his behaviour on breaking up with his girlfriend months earlier. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • He subjected the cows to a 25-minute ordeal, kicking and stamping on a newborn calf seven times, and shouted 'I f------ hate you, you little c---' after throwing it to the floor. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Describing one incident, she said: 'He threw a newborn calf to the floor and kicked and stamped on it seven times in a row. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The Newborn calf (hieroglyph) is Gardiner's sign listed no. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hieroglyph represents any newborn animal, and specifically the calf as the hieroglyph. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mother encourages the newborn calf to rise to the surface of the water to breathe. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate genome-wide DNA methylation and gene expression in the livers of newborn rats exposed to maternal protein restriction. (plos.org)
  • Altobelli G, Bogdarina IG, Stupka E, Clark AJL, Langley-Evans S (2013) Genome-Wide Methylation and Gene Expression Changes in Newborn Rats following Maternal Protein Restriction and Reversal by Folic Acid. (plos.org)
  • An animal study compared a PPHN Sprague-Dawley rat model to healthy newborn control rats. (medsci.org)
  • Results obtained provide evidence that myo-Ins induces cellular pathways involving Akt and show that (a) exposure of preimplantation embryos to myo-Ins increases the number of blastocysts available for uterine transfer and of delivered animals and (b) the developmental patterns of mice obtained from embryos cultured in the presence or absence of myo-Ins, up to three weeks of age, overlap. (hindawi.com)
  • Reports on an animal study finding that links anabolic steroids to brain changes in adolescent female mice, changes that can potentially lead to steroid abuse. (drugabuse.gov)
  • Newborn mice can regenerate their own heart tissue following heart damage. (understandinganimalresearch.org.uk)
  • Primarily nocturnal animals, mice compensate for their poor eyesight with a keen sense of hearing, and rely especially on their sense of smell to locate food and avoid predators. (wikipedia.org)
  • Newborn male mice are distinguished from newborn females by noting the greater anogenital distance and larger genital papilla in the male. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mice are common experimental animals in laboratory research of biology and psychology fields primarily because they are mammals, and also because they share a high degree of homology with humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Animals that live in groups sometimes secrete pheromones that control one another's reproductive behavior. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Organization and Stability in Newborn Behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • In imitation, the observer directly copies the behavior of the animal in order to complete a novel task. (wikipedia.org)
  • The behavior is widespread in fishes, and is seen in terrestrial animals as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • German: [ˈfleːmən]), also called the flehmen position, flehmen reaction, flehming, or flehmening, is a behavior in which an animal curls back its upper lip exposing its front teeth, inhales with the nostrils usually closed and then often holds this position for several seconds. (wikipedia.org)
  • The behavior may be performed over particular locations, in which case the animal may also lick the site of interest, or may perform the flehmen with the neck stretched and head held high in the air for a more general gustatory or taste-related investigation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Immature animals - in young horses, both colts (males) and fillies (females) exhibit flehmen behavior towards other conspecifics with neither sex performing the behavior more than the other. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study suggests there is a common element in the urine of all animals, an interspecific pheromone, which elicits flehmen behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • When one supports factory farming, one is relinquishing the importance of certain moral behavior to animals, and in turn, to humans as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS) assesses not only the physical and neurological responses of newborns, but also their emotional well being and individual differences. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast, animals that underwent closure had near-normal neurological function and well-preserved cytoarchitecture of the covered spinal cord on histopathological examination. (wikipedia.org)
  • His ideas about ASA have provided a new framework for research in the auditory systems of both humans and non-human animals, for behavioral and neurological studies of speech perception, for music theory, hearing aids, audio technology, and the separation of speech from other sounds by computers (CASA). (wikipedia.org)
  • Livestock breeders commonly bank colostrum from their animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cropping of large portions of the pinnae of other animals is rare, although the clipping of identifying shapes in the pinnae of livestock, called earmarks, was common prior to the introduction of compulsory ear tags. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crops were also performed on dogs that might need to fight, either while hunting animals that might fight back or while defending livestock herds from predators, or because they were used for pit-fighting sports such as dogfighting or bear-baiting. (wikipedia.org)
  • Animals exposed to Heptachlor epoxide during gestation and infancy are found to have changes in nervous system and immune function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Armstrong additionally noted that displaying animals were rarely captured by predators, as would be expected if the display were truly uncontrolled, and that the movements seemed to show signs of some sort of control by the animal, although likely not conscious, intelligent control. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, the newborns of treated women should be monitored, because isolated cases of extrapyramidal side effects have been reported. (wikipedia.org)
  • The results of equine research funded by the Morris Animal Foundation (MAF) in 2007 added to scientists' understanding of foal pneumonia, hereditary muscle disorders, laminitis, and pharmacology. (thehorse.com)
  • Smelling the newborn foal and the amniotic fluids associated with birth often produce the reaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • An adult pony can be ridden and put to work, but a foal, regardless of size, is too young to be ridden or used as a working animal. (wikipedia.org)
  • The collection of microorganisms that inhabit the bodies of humans and animals have been studied extensively in recent years and play an important role in maintaining host health. (thepigsite.com)
  • Studies of women living in dormitory housing provide evidence in humans, but the results have not been replicated in other animals. (scientificamerican.com)
  • One of the 4-IPO metabolites is toxic to the lungs, liver and kidney in humans and animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • They can also be manipulated in ways that are illegal with humans, although animal rights activists often object. (wikipedia.org)
  • This page discusses the methods utilized in studying adult neurogenesis, the pros and cons of presently used animal models of this research, and the possible functional roles it plays in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • explains methods to determine span of life of humans and also animals, grant of life-years by various planets, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like other POPs, heptachlor is lipophilic and poorly soluble in water (0.056 mg/L at 25 °C), thus it tends to accumulate in the body fat of humans and animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Silverman said Raiku uses the animals as metaphor to humans while "handling of the darker side of societies. (wikipedia.org)
  • James Rachels has argued that the theory of evolution implies that there is only a gradient between humans and other animals, and therefore marginal-case humans should be considered similar to non-human animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study of proto-religions in modern animals is relevant to the study of the development of religion in modern humans and their recent ancestors. (wikipedia.org)
  • If these cattle have not previously been infected (often the younger animals) then it can be expected that the disease will make an appearance in the calving season. (wikipedia.org)
  • Setaria labiotapapillosa which are parasites of cattle, as well as other domesticated animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fetal bovine serum, as with the vast majority of animal serum used in cell culture, is produced from blood collected at commercial slaughterhouses from dairy cattle that also supply meat intended for human consumption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sleep in non-human animals refers to a behavioral and physiological state characterized by altered consciousness, reduced responsiveness to external stimuli, and homeostatic regulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The physiological definition applies well to birds and mammals, but in other animals (whose brain is not as complex), the behavioral definition is more often used. (wikipedia.org)
  • In very simple animals, behavioral definitions of sleep are the only ones possible, and even then the behavioral repertoire of the animal may not be extensive enough to allow distinction between sleep and wakefulness. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is possible for a newborn with this disease to have neutropenia and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zoo staff were recently able to separate the mother from her newborns for a few minutes to perform a neonatal exam on each of them. (zooborns.com)
  • Neonatal seizure or Seizures in neonates indicates the seizures that are observed in newborns. (wikipedia.org)
  • As you know, in our last article we were talking about what I was doing in our small family farm when I was young, we were talking about spring when all animals have their offspring's and at the end we were talking about the cows and the milk that they produce. (hubpages.com)
  • Ms Meyer said: 'It is a great concern that this is a young man employed to care for animals and on a number of occasions he has lost his temper. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • While Armstrong acknowledged that displaying animals could make mistakes, as Lack's nightjar seems to have done in leading him around the nest, he attributed such mistakes not to paralytic fear but to a conflict of interest between self-preservation and reproductive or enemy attack impulses: the bird at once experiences a drive to lure the predator away and also to directly guard the young. (wikipedia.org)
  • Finally, the observation of less vigorous displays due to repeated nest approaches does not preclude the parent animal simply learning that the human is not a threat to its young. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the mother dies, another female adopts the young animal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Akabane virus does not, as far as is known, cause any overt sign of disease, in either young or adult animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the opposite end of the spectrum are precocial animals in which the young have open eyes, have hair or down, have large brains, and are immediately mobile and somewhat able to flee from, or defend themselves against, predators. (wikipedia.org)
  • Newborn young have golden head markings with pinkish to reddish ventral plates toward the lateral edges. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bandicoots are not social animals and do not live in groups, with the exception of mother and her young. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1980 - Fetal surgical techniques using animal models were first developed at the University of California, San Francisco by Dr. Michael R. Harrison, Dr. N. Scott Adzick and colleagues. (wikipedia.org)
  • 32P-post-labelling analysis of DNA adducts formed in the livers of animals treated with safrole, estragole and other naturally occurring alkenylbenzenes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based originally on the observation that birth weight associated with the prevalence of cardiometabolic disease , significant support for its relevance has been provided by the re-creation of this phenomenon in a wide range of animal models . (plos.org)
  • N ichol kicked its nursing mother in the face and slammed a metal gate against the animal, which had given birth just two days before. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • This preventive treatment is intended for newborn pigs within the first 12 hours following birth. (thepigsite.com)
  • Farrow X1 chicken egg yolk globulin is administered orally to newborn pigs within 12 hours of birth and significantly improves piglet survival rates. (thepigsite.com)
  • At birth the newborns are blind and without fur. (wikipedia.org)
  • Newborns are helpless at birth, but are weaned after a few weeks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Birth takes place quickly, consistent with the status of a horse as a prey animal, and more often at night than during the day. (wikipedia.org)
  • In these large animals, the birth process is similar to that of a human, though in most the offspring is precocial. (wikipedia.org)
  • Precocial animals' brains are large at birth relative to their body size, hence their ability to fend for themselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Altricial animals' brains are relatively small at birth, thus their need for care and protection, but their brains continue to grow. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tang Z, Jiang M, Ou-yang Z, Wu H, Dong S, Hei M. High mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) as biomarker in hypoxia-induced persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn: a clinical and in vivo pilot study. (medsci.org)
  • The Dubia cockroach is a frugivore that prefers fruits and grains[citation needed], shunning such high protein sources as meat or waste droppings from other animals[citation needed]. (wikipedia.org)
  • Too much protein in dubia may cause gout and potentially death in a colony and animals that eat them[citation needed]. (wikipedia.org)
  • A newborn form of protein C has been detected and has a higher proportion of single chain molecules than the adult two-chain molecule. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is more Antithrombin bound to Heparin in blood from newborns compared to blood from adults, suggesting different structural forms of the protein. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sleep appears to be a requirement for all mammals and most other animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Social learning has been observed in a variety of animal taxa, including fish, birds, reptiles, and mammals-especially primates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fire ants are very aggressive and feed voraciously on ground dwelling animals, such as insects, frogs, reptiles, birds and mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hemolytic disease of the newborn , also known as hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn , HDN , HDFN , or erythroblastosis fetalis , is an alloimmune condition that develops in a peripartum fetus , when the IgG molecules (one of the five main types of antibodies ) produced by the mother pass through the placenta . (wikipedia.org)
  • These animals are found in mixed forests, wetlands and grasslands in eastern North America. (wikipedia.org)
  • These animals are often found in small colonies. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been shown that animals that have been infected with Akabane virus are found mostly in those parts of Australia which have the blood sucking midge "Culicoides brevitarsis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The animal can be found in grasslands and secondary forests, and is well adapted to desert regions as it is believed to have a tolerance to dry areas, but prefers more barren, hilly regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The flehmen response draws air into the VNO or Jacobson's organ, an auxiliary olfactory sense organ that is found in many animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Raiku went to Maasai Mara National Reserve, Kenya to do research, and although needed to look at photographs of animals as he found them difficult to draw, the animals allowed him to make comical chapters even if he was dealing with "difficult themes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recently, BjF was also found to induce tumors in newborn mouse lung and liver. (wikipedia.org)
  • It may be performed over a site or substance of particular interest to the animal (e.g. urine or faeces) or may be performed with the neck stretched and the head held high in the air. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, this is very rare, and the raven most often scavenges for afterbirth and stillborn animals as well as newborn lamb faeces. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are several conditions in which distraction display may be advantageous to the animal, such that the incorporation of displacement or stress behaviors into offspring defense will most likely undergo positive selection. (wikipedia.org)
  • FurReal is noted for its animatronic replications of creatures and domestic animals as an alternative to live pets, or emulating the behaviors of pets commonly desired by children including horses, cats, and dogs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studying the mechanisms of information transmission allows researchers to better understand how animals make decisions by observing others' behaviors and obtaining information. (wikipedia.org)
  • N ichol, of Taunton, admitted two charges of animal cruelty after he 'just flipped' and was sacked by the farm owner after the footage emerged. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • GUILFORD -- An unthinkable case of animal cruelty that spanned across several shoreline communities has a connection to the opioid crisis. (fox61.com)
  • Current veterinary science provides no medical or physical advantage to the animal from the procedure, leading to concerns over animal cruelty related to performing unnecessary surgery on the animals. (wikipedia.org)