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  • experiments
  • Two of the main funders of animal-based research in North America, the U.S. National Institutes of Health and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, need to hear that you don't want your tax dollars used to underwrite animal experiments and urge them to stop requiring cruel and obsolete animal tests for pharmaceuticals and allow companies to substitute in vitro tests. (change.org)
  • research
  • Alternatives for Research Comparative studies of human populations allow doctors and scientists to discover the root causes of human diseases and disorders so that preventive action can be taken. (change.org)
  • experimenters
  • Animal experimenters face the unavoidable fact that their artificially created "animal model" can never fully reflect the human condition, whereas clinical investigators know that the results of their work are directly relevant to people. (change.org)
  • toxicology
  • Human health and animal welfare both stand to gain from the development of new in vitro toxicology tests, based on cultured cells and advanced technology. (europa.eu)
  • Great strides have been made since 2008 towards ending the use of animals in cruel toxicology tests, but more work needs to be done. (all-creatures.org)
  • The Vanderbilt-Pittsburgh Resource for Organotypic Models for Predictive Toxicology, or VPROMPT , will receive $6 million in federal money for four years to develop toxicity tests based on three-dimensional human cell cultures, rather than the standard combination of flat cell cultures and live animals. (all-creatures.org)
  • When the Tox21 program was initiated in 2008, Dr Christopher Austin, Director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Chemical Genomics Center, said: "It's a bold, ambitious thing to try to do but our goal is to eliminate animal use in toxicology in ten years. (all-creatures.org)
  • proteins
  • Animal behaviour can be as complex as human behaviour, and the cellular structures, proteins, and genes of humans and animals are so similar that the prospect of using animal tissues to replace diseased human tissues is under intense investigation for patients who would otherwise never receive a potentially life-saving transplant. (britannica.com)
  • Despite its low levels of the essential amino acids methionine and isoleucine, blood can be used as a source of high-quality proteins for both animal feed and human consumption, said the authors. (nutraingredients.com)
  • toxicity test
  • An example of a toxicity test in animals that is being replaced by in vitro techniques is the LD50 test, in which the concentration of a chemical is increased in a population of test animals until 50 percent of the animals die. (britannica.com)
  • Another example of a toxicity test performed on animals that often produces inaccurate results is the Draize test, in which a chemical, such as a cosmetic or pharmaceutical agent, is applied to the skin or eye of a rabbit. (britannica.com)
  • news
  • In exciting news for ending animals tests, Vanderbilt University and the University of Pittsburgh have announced a new center to test chemicals without using animals. (all-creatures.org)
  • concern
  • One concern with parts of the farming industry is the indiscriminate use of antibiotics for farm animals, with the intention of producing better quality meat from animals like cows and pigs (there is a secondary reason, which relates to treating animal infections). (digitaljournal.com)
  • World Congress
  • In September 1999, the Centre was the principal organiser of the 3rd World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences, held in Bologna, Italy. (europa.eu)
  • The 8th World Congress (WC8) will take place in historic Montreal from August 21-25, 2011, hosted by the Canadian Council on Animal Care. (jhsph.edu)
  • chemicals
  • Animals are still used abundantly to assess the efficacy and safety of cosmetics, medicines, food additives, vaccines and chemicals. (europa.eu)
  • ICCVAM
  • Stokes said ICCVAM will emphasize the use of new technologies to develop predictive systems that would be less reliant or not at all reliant on animals. (emaxhealth.com)
  • regulation
  • The Irish team note that under European legislation, blood is defined as offal - and is subjected to the same regulations as carcass meat - outlined in EC Regulation 853/2004 ​ ​, which lays down specific hygiene rules for food of animal origin. (nutraingredients.com)
  • disease
  • A cell culture is not a full living system, like an animal or person, so it doesn't show how a disease or drug works throughout the entire body. (fbresearch.org)